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How to use this ITAR


NOTE 1: This edition is prepared by Exports International USA, LLC, and it incorporates official State/DDTC changes as of Feb 25, 2017, including revised USML Categories IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII, XIII, XIV, XV, XVI, XVII, XVIII, XIX, XX and XXI.


NOTE 2: USML Category XII went through iterations before being published as a FedReg final rule, and is included in this edition. It became effective on December 31, 2016.


NOTE 3: In a few cases, the edits or deletions are retained and shown with such indicators as red-strike-through font, rather than simply deleted, if such emphasis seemed useful. Most inserted edits in the text of the ITAR are in blue font.


NOTE 4. 81 FR 36793 changes were effective August 1, 2016, affecting civil penalties at § 127.10. 81 FR 35616 changes were effective September 1, 2016, affecting some definitions in § 120, license scope at § 123.28, MLA/TAA terms in

§§ 124.1 and 124.8, and deleting §§ 124.12(a)(10) and 124.16.


To aid understanding, we at ElL have reformatted this ITAR with an outline-indented format that makes the regulation much easier to understand. For reasons of tradition, U.S. statutes and regulations tend toward a minimalist formatting, with all levels of paragraph numbering and lettering sharing the left margin. This can get bewildering when there are four or five levels of logical subservience, and conventional indent-formatting is more easily followed.


NAVIGATION LIVE LINKS:


Clicking on the cover page will take you to the master TOC page.


We added that master Table of Contents on Page 3, and it is live-linked to the pages in the ITAR. That is, if you hover over any TOC line entry and click, you will be taken to that particular page in the ITAR.


Additionally, we live-linked each individual TOC at the beginning of each Part (120 thru 130) to do the same. You can click on the heading titles of the 11 main Parts (i.e. Parts 120 thru 130) to return to the main TOC. As an example, starting with the bottom half of the cover page, it is three clicks to get you to the Canadian Exemptions at § 126.5.


And once at § 126.5, you can click on that 126.5 paragraph title to return to the individual Part 126 TOC. Click in the left margin of any page in this ITAR to return to the main TOC.

Of course, you can search for any keyword or string. We recommend you use the search method at "Edit/Advanced Search", which on this computer is ⇧⌘F, or Shift-Cmd-F. This opens a single window with all instances of the found keyword or string, together with the context where it

appears. By contrast, Acrobat's simple search, or "Find" function, just takes you to each result sequentially.


Search is virtually instantaneous, since we have embedded a search index. Should you re-save this PDF, the search index is automatically deleted, and searching slows down. But you can create and re-embed a new search index under Tools/Document Processing/Manage Embedded Index.


-- Hugh Schmittle President

Exports International USA, LLC February 25, 2017


To the right is the published schedule of updates to the U.S. Munitions List. All ECR updates effective through Feb 25, 2016 are included in this version of the ITAR.

TABLE OF CONTENTS


PART 120—PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS .................................................................................................................4


PART 121—THE UNITED STATES MUNITIONS LIST ..............................................................................................25


Category I—Firearms, Close Assault Weapons and Combat Shotguns ................................................................. 26 Category II—Guns and Armament .......................................................................................................................... 27

Category III—Ammunition/Ordnance ...................................................................................................................... 29

Category IV—Launch Vehicles, Guided Missiles, Ballistic Missiles, Rockets, Torpedoes, Bombs, and Mines ...... 30 Category V—Explosives and Energetic Materials, Propellants, Incendiary Agents, and Their Constituents .......... 35 Category VI—Surface Vessels of War and Special Naval Equipment .................................................................... 44

Category VII—Ground Vehicles Tanks and Military Vehicles ................................................................................. 47

Category VIII—Aircraft and Related Articles ........................................................................................................... 49

Category IX—Military Training Equipment and Training ......................................................................................... 54

Category X—Personal Protective Equipment ......................................................................................................... 56

Category XI—Military Electronics ............................................................................................................................ 58

Category XII—Fire Control, Range Finder, Optical and Guidance and Control Equipment .................................... 66 Category XIII— Materials and Miscellaneous Articles ............................................................................................. 74

Category XIV—Toxicological Agents, Including Chemical Agents, Biological Agents, and Associated Equipment 79 Category XV—Spacecraft and Related Articles ...................................................................................................... 88

Category XVI—Nuclear Weapons Related Articles ................................................................................................. 95

Category XVII—Classified Articles, Technical Data, and Defense Services Not Otherwise Enumerated .............. 95 Category XVIII—Directed Energy Weapons ........................................................................................................... 95

Category XIX—Gas Turbine Engines and Associated Equipment .......................................................................... 96 Category XX—Submersible Vessels and Related Articles Oceanographic and Associated Equipment ................ 99 Category XXI—Articles, Technical Data, and Defense Services Not Otherwise Enumerated .............................. 100

PART 122—REGISTRATION OF MANUFACTURERS AND EXPORTERS ............................................................110 PART 123—LICENSES FOR THE EXPORT AND TEMPORARY IMPORT OF DEFENSE ARTICLES ..................114 PART 124—AGREEMENTS, OFF-SHORE PROCUREMENT, AND OTHER DEFENSE SERVICES .....................135 PART 125—LICENSES FOR THE EXPORT OF TECHNICAL DATA & CLASSIFIED DEFENSE ARTICLES .......150 PART 126—GENERAL POLICIES AND PROVISIONS ...........................................................................................157

PART 127—VIOLATIONS AND PENALTIES ...........................................................................................................212


PART 128—ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES ......................................................................................................222


PART 129—REGISTRATION AND LICENSING OF BROKERS .............................................................................230


PART 130—POLITICAL CONTRIBUTIONS, FEES AND COMMISSIONS ..............................................................240

Title 22: Foreign Relations


PART 120—PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS


Contents Enumeration of Articles

§120.1 General authorities, receipt of licenses, and ineligibility.

§120.2 Designation of defense articles and defense services.

§120.3 Policy on designating or determining defense articles and services on the U.S. Munitions List.

§120.4 Commodity jurisdiction.

§120.5 Relation to regulations of other agencies; export of items subject to the EAR.

§120.6 Defense article.

§120.7 Significant military equipment.

§120.8 Major defense equipment.

§120.9 Defense service.

§120.10 Technical data.

§120.11 Public domain.

§120.12 Directorate of Defense Trade Controls.

§120.13 United States.

§120.14 Person.

§120.15 U.S. person.

§120.16 Foreign person.

§120.17 Export.

§120.18 Temporary import.

§120.19 Reexport.

§120.20 License or other approval.

§120.21 Manufacturing license agreement.

§120.22 Technical assistance agreement.

§120.23 Distribution agreement.

§120.24 Port Directors.

§120.25 Empowered Official.

§120.26 Presiding Official.

§120.27 U.S. criminal statutes.

§120.28 Listing of forms referred to in this subchapter.

§120.29 Missile Technology Control Regime.

§120.30 The Automated Export System (AES).

§120.31 North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

§120.32 Major non-NATO ally.

§120.33 Defense Trade Cooperation Treaty between the United States and Australia.

§120.34 Defense Trade Cooperation Treaty between the United States and the United Kingdom.

§120.35 Australia Implementing Arrangement.

§120.36 United Kingdom Implementing Arrangement.

§120.37 Foreign ownership and foreign control.

§120.38 Maintenance levels.

§120.39 Regular employee.

§120.40 Affiliate.

§120.41 Specially designed.

§120.42 Subject to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR).

§120.43 [Reserved]

§120.44 Foreign defense article or defense service.

§120.45 End-items, components, accessories, attachments, parts, firmware, software, systems, and equipment.

§120.46 Classified.

§120.47-49 [Reserved]

§120.50 Release.

§120.51 Retransfer.


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AUTHORITY: Secs. 2, 38, and 71, Pub. L. 90-629, 90 Stat. 744 (22 U.S.C. 2752, 2778, 2797); 22 U.S.C. 2794; 22 U.S.C. 2651a;

Pub. L. 105-261, 112 Stat. 1920; Pub. L. 111-266; Section 1261, Pub. L. 112-239; E.O. 13637, 78 FR 16129.

SOURCE: 58 FR 39283, July 22, 1993, unless otherwise noted.

§120.1 General authorities, receipt of licenses, and ineligibility.


  1. Section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778), as amended, authorizes the President to control the export and import of defense articles and defense services. The statutory authority of the President to promulgate regulations with respect to exports of defense articles and defense services is delegated to the Secretary of State by Executive Order 13637. This subchapter implements that authority, as well as other relevant authorities in the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.). By virtue of delegations of authority by the Secretary of State, these regulations are primarily administered by the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Defense Trade Controls, Bureau of Political-Military Affairs.


  2. (1) Authorized officials. All authorities administered by the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Defense Trade Controls pursuant to this subchapter may be exercised at any time by the Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security or the Assistant Secretary of State for Political-Military Affairs.


    1. The Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Defense Trade Controls supervises the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, which is comprised of the following offices:


      1. The Office of Defense Trade Controls Licensing and the Director, Office of Defense Trade Controls Licensing, which have responsibilities related to licensing or other approvals of defense trade, including references under parts 120, 123, 124, 125, 126, 129, and 130 of this subchapter.


      2. The Office of Defense Trade Controls Compliance and the Director, Office of Defense Trade Controls Compliance, which have responsibilities related to violations of law or regulation and compliance therewith, including references contained in parts 122, 126, 127, 128, and 130 of this subchapter, and that portion under part 129 of this subchapter pertaining to registration.


      3. The Office of Defense Trade Controls Policy and the Director, Office of Defense Trade Controls Policy, which have responsibilities related to the general policies of defense trade, including references under parts 120 and 126 of this subchapter, and the commodity jurisdiction procedure under part 120 of this subchapter.


  3. Receipt of licenses and eligibility.


    1. A U.S. person may receive a license or other approval pursuant to this subchapter. A foreign person may not receive such a license or other approval, except as follows:


      1. A foreign governmental entity in the U.S. may receive a license or other approval;


      2. A foreign person may receive a reexport or retransfer approval; or


      3. A foreign person may receive a prior approval for brokering activities.


        A request for a license or other approval by a U.S. person or by a person referred to in paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (c)(1)(iii) of this section will be considered only if the applicant has registered with the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls pursuant to part 122 or 129 of this subchapter, as appropriate.


    2. Persons who have been convicted of violating the U.S. criminal statutes enumerated in §120.27, who have been debarred pursuant to part 127 or 128 of this subchapter, who are subject to indictment or are otherwise charged (e.g., charged by criminal information in lieu of indictment) with violating the U.S. criminal statutes enumerated in §120.27, who are ineligible to contract

    with or to receive a license or other form of authorization to import defense articles or defense services from any agency of the U.S. Government, who are ineligible to receive an export license or other approval from any other agency of the U.S. Government, or who are subject to a Department of State policy of denial, suspension, or revocation under §126.7(a) of this subchapter, are generally ineligible to be involved in activities regulated under the subchapter.


  4. The exemptions provided in this subchapter do not apply to transactions in which the exporter, any party to the export (see §126.7(e) of this subchapter), any source or manufacturer, broker or other participant in the brokering activities, is generally ineligible as set forth in paragraph (c)(2) of this section, unless prior written authorization has been granted by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls.


[78 FR 52684, Aug. 26, 2013, as amended at 79 FR 8084, Feb. 11, 2014]


§120.2 Designation of defense articles and defense services.


The Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778(a) and 2794(7)) provides that the President shall designate the articles and services deemed to be defense articles and defense services for purposes of import or export controls. The President has delegated to the Secretary of State the authority to control the export and temporary import of defense articles and services. The items designated by the Secretary of State for purposes of export and temporary import control constitute the U.S. Munitions List specified in part 121 of this subchapter. Defense articles on the U.S. Munitions List specified in part 121 of this subchapter that are also subject to permanent import control by the Attorney General on the U.S. Munitions Import List enumerated in 27 CFR part 447 are subject to temporary import controls administered by the Secretary of State. Designations of defense articles and defense services are made by the Department of State with the concurrence of the Department of Defense. The scope of the U.S. Munitions List shall be changed only by amendments made pursuant to section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778). For a designation or determination on whether a particular item is enumerated on the U.S. Munitions

List, see §120.4 of this subchapter.


[78 FR 22752, Apr. 16, 2013]


§120.3 Policy on designating or determining defense articles and services on the U.S. Munitions List.


  1. For purposes of this subchapter, a specific article or service may be designated a defense article (see §120.6 of this subchapter) or defense service (see §120.9 of this subchapter) if it:


    1. Meets the criteria of a defense article or defense service on the U.S. Munitions List; or


    2. Provides the equivalent performance capabilities of a defense article on the U.S. Munitions List.


  2. For purposes of this subchapter, a specific article or service shall be determined in the future as a defense article or defense service if it provides a critical military or intelligence advantage such that it warrants control under this subchapter.


    NOTE TO PARAGRAPHS (a) AND (b): An article or service determined in the future pursuant to this subchapter as a defense article or defense service, but not currently on the U.S. Munitions List, will be placed in U.S. Munitions List Category XXI until the appropriate U.S. Munitions List category has been amended to provide the necessary entry.

  3. A specific article or service is not a defense article or defense service for purposes of this subchapter if it:


    1. Is determined to be under the jurisdiction of another department or agency of the U.S. Government (see §120.5 of this subchapter) pursuant to a commodity jurisdiction determination (see §120.4 of this subchapter) unless superseded by changes to the U.S. Munitions List or by a subsequent commodity jurisdiction determination; or


    2. Meets one of the criteria of §120.41(b) of this subchapter when the article is used in or with a defense article and specially designed is used as a control criteria (see §120.41 of this subchapter).


NOTE TO §120.3: The intended use of the article or service after its export (i.e., for a military or civilian purpose), by itself, is not a factor in determining whether the article or service is subject to the controls of this subchapter.


[78 FR 22753, Apr. 16, 2013]


§120.4 Commodity jurisdiction.


  1. The commodity jurisdiction procedure is used with the U.S. Government if doubt exists as to whether an article or service is covered by the U.S. Munitions List. It may also be used for consideration of a redesignation of an article or service currently covered by the U.S. Munitions List. The Department must provide notice to Congress at least 30 days before any item is removed from the U.S. Munitions List. Upon electronic submission of a Commodity Jurisdiction (CJ) Determination Form (Form DS- 4076), the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls shall provide a determination of whether a particular article or service is covered by the U.S. Munitions List. The determination, consistent with §§120.2, 120.3, and 120.4, entails consultation among the Departments of State, Defense, Commerce, and other U.S. Government agencies and industry in appropriate cases.


  2. Registration with the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls as defined in part 122 of this subchapter is not required prior to submission of a commodity jurisdiction request. If it is determined that the commodity is a defense article or defense service covered by the U.S. Munitions List, registration is required for exporters, manufacturers, and furnishers of such defense articles and defense services (see part 122 of this subchapter), as well as for brokers who are engaged in brokering activities related to such articles or services.


  3. Requests shall identify the article or service, and include a history of this product's design, development, and use. Brochures, specifications, and any other documentation related to the article or service should be submitted as electronic attachments per the instructions for Form DS-4076.


  4. (1) [Reserved]


    1. A designation that an article or service meets the criteria of a defense article or defense service, or provides the equivalent performance capabilities of a defense article on the U.S. Munitions List set forth in this subchapter, is made on a case-by-case basis by the Department of State, taking into account:


      1. The form and fit of the article; and


      2. The function and performance capability of the article.

    2. A designation that an article or service has a critical military or intelligence advantage such that it warrants control under this subchapter is made, on a case-by-case basis, by the Department of State, taking into account:


      1. The function and performance capability of the article; and


      2. The nature of controls imposed by other nations on such items (including the Wassenaar Arrangement and other multilateral controls).


    NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (d): The form of a commodity is defined by its configuration (including the geometrically measured configuration), material, and material properties that uniquely characterize it. The fit of a commodity is defined by its ability to physically interface or connect with or become an integral part of another commodity.

    The function of a commodity is the action or actions it is designed to perform. Performance capability is the measure of a commodity's effectiveness to perform a designated function in a given environment (e.g., measured in terms of speed, durability, reliability, pressure, accuracy, efficiency).


    NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (d): For software, the form means the design, logic flow, and algorithms. The fit is defined by its ability to interface or connect with a defense article. The function means the action or actions the software performs directly related to a defense article or as a standalone application.


    Performance capability means the measure of the software's effectiveness to perform a designated function.


  5. The Directorate of Defense Trade Controls will provide a preliminary response within 10 working days of receipt of a complete request for commodity jurisdiction. If after 45 days the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls has not provided a final commodity jurisdiction determination, the applicant may request in writing to the Director, Office of Defense Trade Controls Policy that this determination be given expedited processing.


  6. State, Defense and Commerce will resolve commodity jurisdiction disputes in accordance with established procedures. State shall notify Defense and Commerce of the initiation and conclusion of each case.


  7. A person may appeal a commodity jurisdiction determination by submitting a written request for reconsideration to the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Defense Trade Controls. The Deputy Assistant Secretary's determination of the appeal will be provided, in writing, within 30 days of receipt of the appeal. If desired, an appeal of the Deputy Assistant Secretary's decision can then be made to the Assistant Secretary for Political-Military Affairs.


[58 FR 39283, July 22, 1993, as amended at 71 FR 20536, Apr. 21, 2006; 75 FR 46843, Aug. 4, 2010; 78 FR 22753, Apr. 16, 2013;

79 FR 8084, Feb. 11, 2014]


§120.5 Relation to regulations of other agencies; export of items subject to the EAR.


  1. If a defense article or service is covered by the U.S. Munitions List set forth in this subchapter, its export and temporary import is regulated by the Department of State (see also §120.2 of this subchapter). The President has delegated the authority to control defense articles and services for purposes of permanent import to the Attorney General. The defense articles and services controlled by the Secretary of State and the Attorney General collectively comprise the U.S. Munitions List under the Arms Export Control Act (AECA). As the Attorney General exercises independent delegated authority to designate defense articles and services for purposes of permanent import controls, the permanent import control list administered by the Department of Justice has been separately labeled the U.S. Munitions Import List (27 CFR part 447) to distinguish it from the list set out in this subchapter. In carrying out the functions delegated to the Attorney General pursuant to the AECA, the Attorney General shall be guided by the views of the Secretary of State on matters affecting world peace and the external security and foreign policy of the United States. The

    Department of Commerce regulates the export, reexport, and in-country transfer of items on the Commerce Control List and other items subject to its jurisdiction, as well as the provision of certain proliferation activities, under the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) (15 CFR parts 730 through 774). For the relationship of this subchapter to regulations of the Department of Energy and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, see §123.20 of this subchapter.


  2. A license or other approval (see §120.20) from the Department of State granted in accordance with this subchapter may also authorize the export of items subject to the EAR (see §120.42). An exemption (see parts 123, 124, 125, and 126 of this subchapter) may only be used to export an item subject to the EAR that is for use in or with a defense article and is included in the same shipment as any defense article. No exemption under this subchapter may be utilized to export an item subject to the EAR if not accompanied by a defense article. Separate approval from the Department of Commerce is not required for these items. Those items subject to the EAR exported pursuant to a Department of State license or other approval would remain under the jurisdiction of the Department of Commerce for any subsequent transactions. The inclusion of items subject to the EAR on a Department of State license or other approval does not change the licensing jurisdiction of the items. (See §123.1(b) of this subchapter for guidance on identifying items subject to the EAR in a license application to the Department of State.)


[78 FR 22753, Apr. 16, 2013; 78 FR 61754, Oct. 3, 2013, as amended at 81 FR 54735, Aug. 17, 2016]


§120.6 Defense article.


Defense article means any item or technical data designated in §121.1 of this subchapter. The policy described in §120.3 is applicable to designations of additional items. This term includes technical data recorded or stored in any physical form, models, mockups or other items that reveal technical data directly relating to items designated in §121.1 of this subchapter. It also includes forgings, castings, and other unfinished products, such as extrusions and machined bodies, that have reached a stage in manufacturing where they are clearly identifiable by mechanical properties, material composition, geometry, or function as defense articles. It does not include basic marketing information on function or purpose or general system descriptions.


[79 FR 61227, Oct. 10, 2014]


§120.7 Significant military equipment.


  1. Significant military equipment means articles for which special export controls are warranted because of their capacity for substantial military utility or capability.


  2. Significant military equipment includes:


    1. Items in §121.1 of this subchapter which are preceded by an asterisk; and


    2. All classified articles enumerated in §121.1 of this subchapter.


[58 FR 39283, July 22, 1993, as amended at 62 FR 67275, Dec. 24, 1997]


§120.8 Major defense equipment.


Pursuant to section 47(6) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2794(6) note), major defense equipment means any item of significant military equipment (as defined in §120.7) on the U.S. Munitions List having a nonrecurring research and development cost of more than $50,000,000 or a total production cost of more than $200,000,000.

§120.9 Defense service.


  1. Defense service means:


    1. The furnishing of assistance (including training) to foreign persons, whether in the United States or abroad in the design, development, engineering, manufacture, production, assembly, testing, repair, maintenance, modification, operation, demilitarization, destruction, processing or use of defense articles;


    2. The furnishing to foreign persons of any technical data controlled under this subchapter (see

      §120.10), whether in the United States or abroad; or


    3. Military training of foreign units and forces, regular and irregular, including formal or informal instruction of foreign persons in the United States or abroad or by correspondence courses, technical, educational, or information publications and media of all kinds, training aid, orientation, training exercise, and military advice. (See also §124.1.)


  2. [Reserved]


[62 FR 67275, Dec. 24, 1997]


§120.10 Technical data.


  1. Technical data means, for purposes of this subchapter:


    1. Information, other than software as defined in §120.10(a)(4), which is required for the design, development, production, manufacture, assembly, operation, repair, testing, maintenance or modification of defense articles. This includes information in the form of blueprints, drawings, photographs, plans, instructions or documentation.


    2. Classified information relating to defense articles and defense services on the U.S. Munitions List and 600-series items controlled by the Commerce Control List;


    3. Information covered by an invention secrecy order; or


    4. Software (see §120.45(f)) directly related to defense articles.


  2. The definition in paragraph (a) of this section does not include information concerning general scientific, mathematical, or engineering principles commonly taught in schools, colleges, and universities or information in the public domain as defined in §120.11 of this subchapter or telemetry data as defined in Note 3 to Category XV(f) of part 121 of this subchapter. It also does not include basic marketing information on function or purpose or general system descriptions of defense articles.


[58 FR 39283, July 22, 1993, as amended at 61 FR 48831, Sept. 17, 1996; 71 FR 20537, Apr. 21, 2006; 78 FR 22754, Apr. 16,

2013; 78 FR 61754, Oct. 3, 2013; 79 FR 61227, Oct. 10, 2014; 79 FR 27185, May 13, 2014]


§120.11 Public domain.


  1. Public domain means information which is published and which is generally accessible or available to the public:


    1. Through sales at newsstands and bookstores;

    2. Through subscriptions which are available without restriction to any individual who desires to obtain or purchase the published information;


    3. Through second class mailing privileges granted by the U.S. Government;


    4. At libraries open to the public or from which the public can obtain documents;


    5. Through patents available at any patent office;


    6. Through unlimited distribution at a conference, meeting, seminar, trade show or exhibition, generally accessible to the public, in the United States;


    7. Through public release (i.e., unlimited distribution) in any form (e.g., not necessarily in published form) after approval by the cognizant U.S. government department or agency (see also

      §125.4(b)(13) of this subchapter);


    8. Through fundamental research in science and engineering at accredited institutions of higher learning in the U.S. where the resulting information is ordinarily published and shared broadly in the scientific community. Fundamental research is defined to mean basic and applied research in science and engineering where the resulting information is ordinarily published and shared broadly within the scientific community, as distinguished from research the results of which are restricted for proprietary reasons or specific U.S. Government access and dissemination controls. University research will not be considered fundamental research if:


      1. The University or its researchers accept other restrictions on publication of scientific and technical information resulting from the project or activity, or


      2. The research is funded by the U.S. Government and specific access and dissemination controls protecting information resulting from the research are applicable.


  2. [Reserved]


§120.12 Directorate of Defense Trade Controls.


Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, Bureau of Political-Military Affairs, Department of State, Washington, DC 20522-0112.


[71 FR 20537, Apr. 21, 2006]


§120.13 United States.


United States, when used in the geographical sense, includes the several states, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the insular possessions of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, any territory or possession of the United States, and any territory or possession over which the United States exercises any powers of administration, legislation, and jurisdiction.


§120.14 Person.


Person means a natural person as well as a corporation, business association, partnership, society, trust, or any other entity, organization or group, including governmental entities. If a provision in this subchapter does not refer exclusively to a foreign person (§120.16) or U.S. person (§120.15), then it refers to both.

§120.15 U.S. person.


U.S. person means a person (as defined in §120.14 of this part) who is a lawful permanent resident as defined by 8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(20) or who is a protected individual as defined by 8 U.S.C. 1324b(a)(3). It also means any corporation, business association, partnership, society, trust, or any other entity, organization or group that is incorporated to do business in the United States. It also includes any governmental (federal, state or local) entity. It does not include any foreign person as defined in §120.16 of this part.


[71 FR 20537, Apr. 21, 2006]


§120.16 Foreign person.


Foreign person means any natural person who is not a lawful permanent resident as defined by 8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(20) or who is not a protected individual as defined by 8 U.S.C. 1324b(a)(3). It also means any foreign corporation, business association, partnership, trust, society or any other entity or group that is not incorporated or organized to do business in the United States, as well as international organizations, foreign governments and any agency or subdivision of foreign governments (e.g., diplomatic missions).


[71 FR 20537, Apr. 21, 2006]


§120.17 Export.


  1. Except as set forth in §126.16 or §126.17, export means:


    1. Sending or taking a defense article out of the United States in any manner, except by mere travel outside of the United States by a person whose personal knowledge includes technical data; or


    2. Transferring registration, control or ownership to a foreign person of any aircraft, vessel, or satellite covered by the U.S. Munitions List, whether in the United States or abroad; or


    3. Disclosing (including oral or visual disclosure) or transferring in the United States any defense article to an embassy, any agency or subdivision of a foreign government (e.g., diplomatic missions); or


    4. Disclosing (including oral or visual disclosure) or transferring technical data to a foreign person, whether in the United States or abroad; or


    5. Performing a defense service on behalf of, or for the benefit of, a foreign person, whether in the United States or abroad.


    6. A launch vehicle or payload shall not, by reason of the launching of such vehicle, be considered an export for purposes of this subchapter. However, for certain limited purposes (see §126.1 of this subchapter), the controls of this subchapter may apply to any sale, transfer or proposal to sell or transfer defense articles or defense services.


  2. [Reserved]

§120.17 Export.


  1. Except as set forth in §126.16 or §126.17, export means:


    1. An actual shipment or transmission out of the United States, including the sending or taking of a defense article out of the United States in any manner;


    2. Releasing or otherwise transferring technical data to a foreign person in the United States (a “deemed export”);


    3. Transferring registration, control, or ownership of any aircraft, vessel, or satellite subject to the ITAR by a U.S. person to a foreign person;


    4. Releasing or otherwise transferring a defense article to an embassy or to any of its agencies or subdivisions, such as a diplomatic mission or consulate, in the United States;


    5. Performing a defense service on behalf of, or for the benefit of, a foreign person, whether in the United States or abroad; or


    6. A launch vehicle or payload shall not, by reason of the launching of such vehicle, be considered an export for purposes of this subchapter. However, for certain limited purposes (see §126.1 of this subchapter), the controls of this subchapter may apply to any sale, transfer or proposal to sell or transfer defense articles or defense services.


  2. Any release in the United States of technical data to a foreign person is deemed to be an export to all countries in which the foreign person has held or holds citizenship or holds permanent residency.


[81 FR 35616, June 3, 2016]


§120.18 Temporary import.


Temporary import means bringing into the United States from a foreign country any defense article that is to be returned to the country from which it was shipped or taken, or any defense article that is in transit to another foreign destination. Temporary import includes withdrawal of a defense article from a customs bonded warehouse or foreign trade zone for the purpose of returning it to the country of origin or country from which it was shipped or for shipment to another foreign destination. Permanent imports are regulated by the Attorney General under the direction of the Department of Justice's Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (see 27 CFR parts 447, 478, 479, and 555).


[71 FR 20537, Apr. 21, 2006]


§120.19 Reexport or retransfer.


Reexport or retransfer means the transfer of defense articles or defense services to an end-use, end- user, or destination not previously authorized by license, written approval, or exemption pursuant to this subchapter.


[77 FR 16597, Mar. 21, 2012]

§120.19 Reexport.


  1. Reexport, except as set forth in §126.16 or §126.17, means:


    1. An actual shipment or transmission of a defense article from one foreign country to another foreign country, including the sending or taking of a defense article to or from such countries in any manner;


    2. Releasing or otherwise transferring technical data to a foreign person who is a citizen or permanent resident of a country other than the foreign country where the release or transfer takes place (a “deemed reexport”); or


    3. Transferring registration, control, or ownership of any aircraft, vessel, or satellite subject to the ITAR between foreign persons.


  2. Any release outside the United States of technical data to a foreign person is deemed to be a reexport to all countries in which the foreign person has held or holds citizenship or holds permanent residency.


[81 FR 35616, June 3, 2016, as amended at 81 FR 62008, Sept. 8, 2016]


§120.20 License or other approval.


License means a document bearing the word “license” issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Defense Trade Controls, or his authorized designee, that permits the export, temporary import, or brokering of a specific defense article or defense service controlled by this subchapter.


Other approval means a document issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Defense Trade Controls, or his authorized designee, that approves an activity regulated by this subchapter (e.g., approvals for brokering activities or retransfer authorizations), or the use of an exemption to the license requirements as described in this subchapter.


[79 FR 8084, Feb. 11, 2014]


§120.21 Manufacturing license agreement.


An agreement (e.g., contract) whereby a U.S. person grants a foreign person an authorization to manufacture defense articles abroad and which involves or contemplates:


  1. The export of technical data (as defined in §120.10) or defense articles or the performance of a defense service; or


  2. The use by the foreign person of technical data or defense articles previously exported by the U.S. person. (See part 124 of this subchapter).


§120.22 Technical assistance agreement.


An agreement (e.g., contract) for the performance of a defense service(s) or the disclosure of technical data, as opposed to an agreement granting a right or license to manufacture defense articles. Assembly of defense articles is included under this section, provided production rights or manufacturing know-how are not conveyed. Should such rights be transferred, §120.21 is applicable. (See part 124 of this subchapter).

§120.23 Distribution agreement.


An agreement (e.g., a contract) to establish a warehouse or distribution point abroad for defense articles exported from the United States for subsequent distribution to entities in an approved sales territory (see part 124 of this subchapter).


§120.24 Port Directors.


Port Directors of U.S. Customs and Border Protection means the U.S. Customs and Border Protection Port Directors at the U.S. Customs and Border Protection Ports of Entry (other than the port of New York, New York where their title is the Area Directors).


[70 FR 50959, Aug. 29, 2005]


§120.25 Empowered Official.


  1. Empowered Official means a U.S. person who:


    1. Is directly employed by the applicant or a subsidiary in a position having authority for policy or management within the applicant organization; and


    2. Is legally empowered in writing by the applicant to sign license applications or other requests for approval on behalf of the applicant; and


    3. Understands the provisions and requirements of the various export control statutes and regulations, and the criminal liability, civil liability and administrative penalties for violating the Arms Export Control Act and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations; and


    4. Has the independent authority to:


      1. Inquire into any aspect of a proposed export, temporary import, or brokering activity by the applicant;


      2. Verify the legality of the transaction and the accuracy of the information to be submitted; and


      3. Refuse to sign any license application or other request for approval without prejudice or other adverse recourse.


  2. For the purposes of a broker who is a foreign person, the empowered official may be a foreign person who otherwise meets the criteria for an empowered official in paragraph (a) of this section.


[58 FR 39283, July 22, 1993, as amended at 78 FR 52685, Aug. 26, 2013]


§120.26 Presiding Official.


Presiding Official means a person authorized by the U.S. Government to conduct hearings in administrative proceedings.

§120.27 U.S. criminal statutes.


  1. For purposes of this subchapter, the phrase U.S. criminal statutes means:


    1. Section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778);


    2. Section 11 of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. app. 2410);


    3. Section 793, 794, or 798 of title 18, United States Code (relating to espionage involving defense or classified information) or section 2332d, 2339A, 2339B, 2339C, or 2339D of such title (relating to financial transactions with the government of a country designated as a country supporting international terrorism, providing material support to terrorists or terrorist organizations, financing of terrorism, or receiving military-type training from a foreign terrorist organization);


    4. Section 16 of the Trading with the Enemy Act (50 U.S.C. app. 16);


    5. Section 206 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (relating to foreign assets controls; 50 U.S.C. 1705);


    6. Section 30A of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78dd-1) or section 104 of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (15 U.S.C. 78dd-2 or 78dd-3);


    7. Chapter 105 of title 18, United States Code (relating to sabotage);


    8. Section 4(b) of the Internal Security Act of 1950 (relating to communication of classified information; 50 U.S.C. 783(a));


      (9) Sections 57, 92, 101, 104, 222, 224, 225, or 226 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C.

      2077, 2122, 2131, 2134, 2272, 2274, 2275, and 2276);


      1. Section 601 of the National Security Act of 1947 (relating to intelligence identities protection; 50

        U.S.C. 421);


      2. [Reserved]


      3. Section 371 of title 18, United States Code (when it involves conspiracy to violate any of the statutes listed in this section);


      4. Sections 3, 4, 5, and 6 of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004, Public Law 108-458 sections 6903-6906, relating to missile systems designed to destroy aircraft (18

        U.S.C. 2332g), prohibitions governing atomic weapons (42 U.S.C. 2122), radiological dispersal services (18 U.S.C. 2332h), and variola virus (18 U.S.C. 175c);


      5. Sections 2779 and 2780 of title 22, United States Code (relating to fees of military sales agents and other payments, and transactions with countries supporting acts of international terrorism);


      6. Section 542 of title 18, United States Code (relating to the entry of goods by means of false statements), where the underlying offense involves a defense article, including technical data, or violations related to the Arms Export Control Act or International Traffic in Arms Regulations;


      7. Section 545 of title 18, United States Code (relating to smuggling goods into the United States), where the underlying offense involves a defense article, including technical data, or violations related to the Arms Export Control Act or International Traffic in Arms Regulations;

      8. Section 554 of title 18, United States Code (relating to smuggling goods from the United States), where the underlying offense involves a defense article, including technical data, or violations related to the Arms Export Control Act or International Traffic in Arms Regulations; and


      9. Section 1001 of title 18, United States Code (relating to false statements or entries generally), Section 1831 of title 18, United States Code (relating to economic espionage), and Section 1832 of title 18, United States Code (relating to theft of trade secrets) where the underlying offense involves a defense article, including technical data, or violations related to the Arms Export Control Act or International Traffic in Arms Regulations.


  2. [Reserved]


[58 FR 39283, July 22, 1993, as amended at 71 FR 20537, Apr. 21, 2006; 78 FR 52685, Aug. 26, 2013]


§120.28 Listing of forms referred to in this subchapter.


The forms referred to in this subchapter are available from the following government agencies:


  1. Department of State, Bureau of Political-Military Affairs, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, Washington, DC 20522-0112.


    1. Application/License for permanent export of unclassified defense articles and related technical data (Form DSP-5).


    2. Statement of Registration (Form DS-2032).


    3. Application/License for temporary import of unclassified defense articles (Form DSP-61).


    4. Application/License for temporary export of unclassified defense articles (Form DSP-73).


    5. Non-transfer and use certificate (Form DSP-83).


    6. Application/License for permanent/temporary export or temporary import of classified defense articles and related classified technical data (Form DSP-85).


    7. Authority to Export Defense Articles and Defense Services sold under the Foreign Military Sales program (Form DSP-94).


    8. Commodity Jurisdiction (CJ) Determination Form (Form DS-4076).


  2. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security:


    1. International Import Certificate (Form BIS-645P/ATF-4522).


    2. Electronic Export Information filed via the Automated Export System.


  3. Department of Defense, Defense Security Cooperation Agency: Letter of Offer and Acceptance.


[58 FR 39283, July 22, 1993, as amended at 68 FR 61100, Oct. 27, 2003; 71 FR 20537, Apr. 21, 2006; 75 FR 46844, Aug. 4, 2010;

76 FR 45197, July 28, 2011; 77 FR 16597, Mar. 21, 2012; 77 FR 22670, Apr. 17, 2012]

§120.29 Missile Technology Control Regime.


  1. For purposes of this subchapter, Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) means the policy statement among the United States, the United Kingdom, the Federal Republic of Germany, France, Italy, Canada, and Japan, announced on April 16, 1987, to restrict sensitive missile-relevant transfers based on the MTCR Annex, and any amendments thereto.


  2. The term MTCR Annex means the MTCR Guidelines and the Equipment, Software and Technology Annex of the MTCR, and any amendments thereto.


  3. List of all items on the MTCR Annex. Section 71(a) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2797) refers to the establishment as part of the U.S. Munitions List of a list of all items on the MTCR Annex, the export of which is not controlled under Section 6(1) of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50

U.S.C. App. 2405(1)), as amended. MTCR Annex items specified in the U.S. Munitions List shall be identified in §121.16 of this subchapter or annotated by the parenthetical “(MT)” at the end of each applicable paragraph.


[78 FR 22754, Apr. 16, 2013; 78 FR 61754, Oct. 3, 2013]


§120.30 The Automated Export System (AES).


The Automated Export System (AES) is the Department of Commerce, Bureau of Census, electronic filing of export information. The AES shall serve as the primary system for collection of export data for the Department of State. In accordance with this subchapter U.S. exporters are required to report export information using AES for all hardware exports. Exports of technical data and defense services shall be reported directly to the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC). Also, requests for special reporting may be made by DDTC on a case-by-case basis, (e.g., compliance, enforcement, congressional mandates).


[68 FR 61100, Oct. 27, 2003]


§120.31 North Atlantic Treaty Organization.


North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is comprised of the following member countries: Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom, and the United States.


[77 FR 22670, Apr. 17, 2012]


§120.32 Major non-NATO ally.


Major non-NATO ally, as defined in section 644(q) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2403(q)), means a country that is designated in accordance with section 517 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321k) as a major non-NATO ally for purposes of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2151 et seq. and 22 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.). The following countries are designated as major non-NATO allies: Afghanistan (see§126.1(g) of this subchapter), Argentina, Australia, Bahrain, Egypt, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Republic of Korea, Thailand, and Tunisia. Taiwan shall be treated as though it were designated a major non-NATO ally.


[81 FR 66805, Sept. 29, 2016]

§120.33 Defense Trade Cooperation Treaty between the United States and Australia.


Defense Trade Cooperation Treaty between the United States and Australia means the Treaty between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Australia Concerning Defense Trade Cooperation, done at Sydney, September 5, 2007. For additional information on making exports pursuant to this treaty, see §126.16 of this subchapter.


[78 FR 21526, Apr. 11, 2013]


§120.34 Defense Trade Cooperation Treaty between the United States and the United Kingdom.


Defense Trade Cooperation Treaty between the United States and the United Kingdom means the Treaty between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Concerning Defense Trade Cooperation, done at Washington DC and London, June 21 and 26, 2007. For additional information on making exports pursuant to this Treaty, see

§126.17 of this subchapter.


[77 FR 16597, Mar. 21, 2012]


§120.35 Australia Implementing Arrangement.


Australia Implementing Arrangement means the Implementing Arrangement Pursuant to the Treaty between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Australia Concerning Defense Trade Cooperation, done at Washington, March 14, 2008, as it may be amended.


[78 FR 21526, Apr. 11, 2013]


§120.36 United Kingdom Implementing Arrangement.


United Kingdom Implementing Arrangement means the Implementing Arrangement Pursuant to the Treaty between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Concerning Defense Trade Cooperation, done at Washington DC, February 14, 2008, as it may be amended.


[77 FR 16597, Mar. 21, 2012]


§120.37 Foreign ownership and foreign control.


Foreign ownership means more than 50 percent of the outstanding voting securities of the firm are owned by one or more foreign persons (as defined in §120.16). Foreign control means one or more foreign persons have the authority or ability to establish or direct the general policies or day-to-day operations of the firm. Foreign control is presumed to exist where foreign persons own 25 percent or more of the outstanding voting securities unless one U.S. person controls an equal or larger percentage.


[76 FR 45197, July 28, 2011]


§120.38 Maintenance levels.


  1. Organizational-level maintenance (or basic-level maintenance) is the first level of maintenance that can be performed “on-equipment” (directly on the defense article or support equipment) without specialized training. It consists of repairing, inspecting, servicing, calibrating, lubricating, or adjusting equipment, as well as replacing minor parts, components, assemblies, and line-replaceable spares or units. This includes modifications, enhancements, or upgrades that would result in improving only the

    reliability or maintainability of the commodity (e.g., an increased mean time between failure (MTBF)) and does not enhance the basic performance or capability of the defense article.

  2. Intermediate-level maintenance is second-level maintenance performed “off-equipment” (on removed parts, components, or equipment) at or by designated maintenance shops or centers, tenders, or field teams. It may consist of calibrating, repairing, testing, or replacing damaged or unserviceable parts, components, or assemblies. This includes modifications, enhancements, or upgrades that would result in improving only the reliability or maintainability of the commodity (e.g., an increased mean time between failure (MTBF)) and does not enhance the basic performance or capability of the defense article.

  3. Depot-level maintenance is third-level maintenance performed on- or off-equipment at or by a major repair facility, shipyard, or field team, each with necessary equipment and personnel of requisite technical skill. It consists of providing evaluation or repair beyond unit or organization capability. This maintenance consists of inspecting, testing, calibrating, repairing, overhauling, refurbishing, reconditioning, and one-to-one replacing of any defective parts, components or assemblies. This includes modifications, enhancements, or upgrades that would result in improving only the reliability or maintainability of the commodity (e.g., an increased mean time between failure (MTBF)) and does not enhance the basic performance or capability of the defense article.

[78 FR 40927, July 8, 2013]


§120.39 Regular employee.


  1. A regular employee means for purposes of this subchapter:


    1. An individual permanently and directly employed by the company, or


    2. An individual in a long term contractual relationship with the company where the individual works at the company's facilities, works under the company's direction and control, works full time and exclusively for the company, and executes nondisclosure certifications for the company, and where the staffing agency that has seconded the individual has no role in the work the individual performs (other than providing that individual for that work) and the staffing agency would not have access to any controlled technology (other than where specifically authorized by a license).


  2. [Reserved]


[76 FR 28177, May 16, 2011]


§120.40 Affiliate.


An affiliate of a registrant is a person that directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls, or is controlled by, or is under common control with, such registrant.


NOTE TO §120.40: For purposes of this section, “control” means having the authority or ability to establish or direct the general policies or day-to-day operations of the firm. Control is rebuttably presumed to exist where there is ownership of 25 percent or more of the outstanding voting securities if no other person controls an equal or larger percentage.


[78 FR 52686, Aug. 26, 2013]

§120.41 Specially designed.


  1. Except for commodities or software described in paragraph (b) of this section, a commodity or software (see §120.45(f)) is specially designed if it:

    1. As a result of development, has properties peculiarly responsible for achieving or exceeding the controlled performance levels, characteristics, or functions described in the relevant U.S.

      Munitions List paragraph; or


    2. Is a part (see §120.45 (d)), component (see §120.45 (b)), accessory (see §120.45 (c)), attachment (see §120.45 (c)), or software for use in or with a defense article.


  2. For purposes of this subchapter, a part, component, accessory, attachment, or software is not specially designed if it:

    1. Is subject to the EAR pursuant to a commodity jurisdiction determination;


    2. Is, regardless of form or fit, a fastener (e.g., screws, bolts, nuts, nut plates, studs, inserts, clips, rivets, pins), washer, spacer, insulator, grommet, bushing, spring, wire, or solder;


    3. Has the same function, performance capabilities, and the same or “equivalent” form and fit as a commodity or software used in or with a commodity that:


      1. Is or was in production (i.e., not in development); and


      2. Is not enumerated on the U.S. Munitions List;


    4. Was or is being developed with knowledge that it is or would be for use in or with both defense articles enumerated on the U.S. Munitions List and also commodities not on the U.S. Munitions List; or


    5. Was or is being developed as a general purpose commodity or software, i.e., with no knowledge for use in or with a particular commodity (e.g., a F/A-18 or HMMWV) or type of commodity (e.g., an aircraft or machine tool).


NOTE TO PARAGRAPHS (a) AND (b): The term “commodity” refers to any article, material, or supply, except technology/technical data or software.


NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (a)(1): An example of a commodity that as a result of development has properties peculiarly responsible for achieving or exceeding the controlled performance levels, functions, or characteristics in a U.S. Munitions List category would be a swimmer delivery vehicle specially designed to dock with a submarine to provide submerged transport for swimmers or divers from submarines.


NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (b): The term “enumerated” refers to any article on the U.S. Munitions List or the Commerce Control List and not in a “catch-all” control. A “catch-all” control is one that does not refer to specific types of parts, components, accessories, or attachments, but rather controls unspecified parts, components, accessories, or attachments only if they were specially designed for an enumerated item.


NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (b)(3): For the purpose of this definition, “production” means all production stages, such as product engineering, manufacture, integration, assembly (mounting), inspection, testing, and quality assurance. This includes “serial production” where commodities have passed production readiness testing (i.e., an approved, standardized design ready for large scale production) and have been or are being produced on an assembly line for multiple commodities using the approved, standardized design.


NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (b)(3): For the purpose of this definition, “development” is related to all stages prior to serial production, such as: design, design research, design analyses, design concepts, assembly and testing

of prototypes, pilot production schemes, design data, process of transforming design data into a product, configuration design, integration design, layouts.


NOTE 3 TO PARAGRAPH (b)(3): Commodities in “production” that are subsequently subject to “development” activities, such as those that would result in enhancements or improvements only in the reliability or maintainability of the commodity (e.g., an increased mean time between failure (MTBF)), including those pertaining to quality improvements, cost reductions, or feature enhancements, remain in “production.” However, any new models or versions of such commodities developed from such efforts that change the basic performance or capability of the commodity are in “development” until and unless they enter into “production.”


NOTE 4 TO PARAGRAPH (b)(3): The form of a commodity is defined by its configuration (including the geometrically measured configuration), material, and material properties that uniquely characterize it. The fit of a commodity is defined by its ability to physically interface or connect with or become an integral part of another commodity. The function of a commodity is the action or actions it is designed to perform. Performance capability is the measure of a commodity's effectiveness to perform a designated

function in a given environment (e.g., measured in terms of speed, durability, reliability, pressure, accuracy, efficiency). For software, the form means the design, logic flow, and algorithms. The fit is defined by its ability to interface or connect with a defense article. The function means the action or actions the software performs directly related to a defense article or as a standalone application.Performance capability means the measure of the software's effectiveness to perform a designated function.


NOTE 5 TO PARAGRAPH (b)(3): With respect to a commodity, “equivalent” means its form has been modified solely for fit purposes.


image

NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPHS (b)(4) AND (5): For a defense article not to be specially designed on the basis of paragraph (b)(4) or (5) of this section, documents contemporaneous with its development, in their totality, must establish the elements of paragraph (b)(4) or (5). Such documents may include concept design information, marketing plans, declarations in patent applications, or contracts. Absent such documents, the commodity may not be excluded from being specially designed by either paragraph (b)(4) or (5).


NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPHS (b)(4) AND (5): For the purpose of this definition, “knowledge” includes not only the positive knowledge a circumstance exists or is substantially certain to occur, but also an awareness of a high probability of its existence or future occurrence. Such awareness is inferred from evidence of the conscious disregard of facts known to a person and is also inferred from a person's willful avoidance of facts.


[78 FR 22754, Apr. 16, 2013; 78 FR 61754, Oct. 3, 2013, as amended at 79 FR 61227, Oct. 10, 2014]


§120.42 Subject to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR).


Items “subject to the EAR” are those items listed on the Commerce Control List in part 774 of the EAR and all other items that meet the definition of that term in accordance with §734.3 of the EAR. The EAR is found at 15 CFR parts 730 through 774.


[78 FR 22755, Apr. 16, 2013]


§120.43 [Reserved]


§120.44 Foreign defense article or defense service.


Foreign defense article or defense service means any article or service described on the U.S. Munitions List of non-U.S. origin. Unless otherwise provided in this subchapter, the terms defense article and defense service refer to both U.S. and foreign origin defense articles and defense services described on the U.S. Munitions List. A defense article or defense service is determined exclusively in accordance with the Arms Export Control Act and this subchapter, regardless of any designation (either affirming or

contrary) that may be attributed to the same article or service by any foreign government or international organization.


[78 FR 52686, Aug. 26, 2013]


§120.45 End-items, components, accessories, attachments, parts, firmware, software, systems, and equipment.


(a) An end-item is a system, equipment, or an assembled article ready for its intended use. Only ammunition or fuel or other energy source is required to place it in an operating state.


(b) A component is an item that is useful only when used in conjunction with an end-item. A major component includes any assembled element that forms a portion of an end-item without which the end-item is inoperable. A minor component includes any assembled element of a major component.


  1. Accessories and attachments are associated articles for any component, equipment, system, or end- item, and which are not necessary for its operation, but which enhance its usefulness or effectiveness.


  2. A part is any single unassembled element of a major or a minor component, accessory, or attachment which is not normally subject to disassembly without the destruction or the impairment of designed use.


  3. Firmware and any related unique support tools (such as computers, linkers, editors, test case generators, diagnostic checkers, library of functions, and system test diagnostics) directly related to equipment or systems covered under any category of the U.S. Munitions List are considered as part of the end-item or component. Firmware includes but is not limited to circuits into which software has been programmed.


  4. Software includes but is not limited to the system functional design, logic flow, algorithms, application programs, operating systems, and support software for design, implementation, test, operation, diagnosis and repair. A person who intends to export only software should, unless it is specifically enumerated in §121.1 of this subchapter (e.g., USML Category XIII(b)), apply for a technical data license pursuant to part 125 of this subchapter.


  5. A system is a combination of parts, components, accessories, attachments, firmware, software, equipment, or end-items that operate together to perform a function.


    NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (G): The industrial standards established by INCOSE and NASA provide examples for when commodities and software operate together to perform a function as a system. References to these standards are included in this note to provide examples for when commodities or software operate together to perform a function as a system. See the INCOSE standards for what constitutes a system at: http://g2sebok.incose.org/app/mss/asset.cfm?ID=INCOSE%20G2SEBOK%202.00&ST=F, and in INCOSE SE Handbook v3.1 2007; ISO/IEC 15288:2008. See the NASA standards for examples of what constitutes a system in NASA SE Handbook SP-2007-6105 Rev 1.


  6. Equipment is a combination of parts, components, accessories, attachments, firmware, or software that operate together to perform a function of, as, or for an end-item or system. Equipment may be a subset of an end-item based on the characteristics of the equipment. Equipment that meets the definition of an end-item is an end-item. Equipment that does not meet the definition of an end-item is a component, accessory, attachment, firmware, or software.


[79 FR 61228, Oct. 10, 2014]

§120.46 Classified.


Classified means classified pursuant to Executive Order 13526, and a security classification guide developed pursuant thereto or equivalent, or to the corresponding classification rules of another government or international organization.


[81 FR 87429, Dec. 5, 2016]


§120.47 - §120.49 [Reserved]


§120.50 Release.


  1. Technical data is released through:


    1. Visual or other inspection by foreign persons of a defense article that reveals technical data to a foreign person; or


    2. Oral or written exchanges with foreign persons of technical data in the United States or abroad.


  2. [Reserved]


§120.51(a)(2) is the closest thing to the EAR's "deemed export" concept.

[81 FR 35616, June 3, 2016]


§120.51 Retransfer.


  1. Retransfer, except as set forth in §126.16 or §126.17, means:


    1. A change in end use or end user, or a temporary transfer to a third party, of a defense article within the same foreign country; or


    2. A release of technical data to a foreign person who is a citizen or permanent resident of the country where the release or transfer takes place.


  1. [Reserved]


    [81 FR 62008, Sep 8, 2016]

    Title 22: Foreign Relations


    PART 121—THE UNITED STATES MUNITIONS LIST


    Contents Enumeration of Articles

    §121.1 General. The United States Munitions List.

    §§121.2-121.15 [Reserved]

    §121.16 Missile Technology Control Regime Annex.


    image


    AUTHORITY: Secs. 2, 38, and 71, Pub. L. 90-629, 90 Stat. 744 (22 U.S.C. 2752, 2778, 2797); 22 U.S.C. 2651a;

    Pub. L. 105-261, 112 Stat. 1920; Section 1261, Pub. L. 112-239; E.O. 13637, 78 FR 16129.


    SOURCE: 58 FR 39287, July 22, 1993, unless otherwise noted.


    ENUMERATION OF ARTICLES

    §121.1 The United States Munitions List.

    1. U.S. Munitions List. In this part, articles, services, and related technical data are designated as defense articles or defense services pursuant to sections 38 and 47(7) of the Arms Export Control Act and constitute the U.S. Munitions List (USML). Changes in designations are published in

      the FEDERAL REGISTER. Paragraphs (a)(1) through (3) of this section describe or explain the elements of a USML category:


      1. Composition of U.S. Munitions List categories. USML categories are organized by paragraphs and subparagraphs identified alphanumerically. They usually start by enumerating or otherwise describing end-items, followed by major systems and equipment; parts, components, accessories, and attachments; and technical data and defense services directly related to the defense articles of that USML category.


      2. Significant Military Equipment. All items described within a USML paragraph or subparagraph that is preceded by an asterisk (*) are designated “Significant Military Equipment” (see §120.7 of this subchapter). Note that technical data directly related to the manufacture or production of a defense article designated as Significant Military Equipment (SME) is also designated as SME.


      3. Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) Annex. Annotation with the parenthetical “(MT)” at the end of a USML entry, or inclusion in §121.16, indicates those defense articles that are on the MTCR Annex. See §120.29 of this subchapter.


    2. (1) Order of review. In order to classify your article on the U.S. Munitions List, you should begin with a review of the general characteristics of your item. This will usually guide you to the appropriate category on the U.S. Munitions List. Once the appropriate category is identified, you should match the particular characteristics and functions of your article to a specific entry within the appropriate category.


      1. Composition of an entry. Within each U.S. Munitions List category, defense articles are described by an alpha paragraph designation. These designations may include subparagraph(s) to further define the described defense article. Each U.S. Munitions List category starts with end- platform designations followed by major systems and equipment, and parts, components, accessories, and attachments. Most U.S. Munitions List categories contain an entry on technical data (see §120.10 of this subchapter) and defense services (see §120.9 of this subchapter) related to the defense articles described in that U.S. Munitions List category.

      2. Significant military equipment. An asterisk may precede an entry in a U.S. Munitions List category. The asterisk means the enumerated defense article is deemed to be “Significant Military Equipment” to the extent specified in §120.7 of this subchapter. Note that technical data directly related to the manufacture or production of any defense articles enumerated in any category designated as Significant Military Equipment (SME) is also designated as SME.


    3. Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) Annex. Inclusion in §121.16 of this subchapter, or annotation with the parenthetical “(MT)” at the end of a U.S. Munitions List paragraph, indicates those defense articles and defense services that are on the MTCR Annex. See §120.29 of this subchapter.


    4. Specially designed. When applying the definition of specially designed (see §120.41 of this subchapter), follow the sequential analysis set forth as follows:


      1. if your commodity or software is controlled for reasons other than having a specially designed control parameter on the U.S. Munitions List, no further review of the definition of specially designed is required.


      2. if your commodity or software is not enumerated on the U.S. Munitions List, it may be controlled because of a specially designed control parameter. If so, begin any analysis with §120.41(a) and proceed through each subsequent paragraph. If a commodity or software would not be controlled as a result of the application of the standards in §120.41(a), then it is not necessary to work through §120.41(b).


      3. if a commodity or software is controlled as a result of §120.41(a), then it is necessary to continue the analysis and to work through each of the elements of §120.41(b).


      4. commodities or software described in any §120.41(b) subparagraph are not specially designed commodities or software controlled on the U.S. Munitions List, but may be subject to the jurisdiction of another U.S. Government regulatory agency (see §120.5 of this subchapter).


    5. Classified. For the purpose of this subchapter, “classified” means classified pursuant to Executive Order 13526, or predecessor order, and a security classification guide developed pursuant thereto or equivalent, or to the corresponding classification rules of another government or international organization.


      Category I—Firearms, Close Assault Weapons and Combat Shotguns


      *(a) Nonautomatic and semi-automatic firearms to caliber .50 inclusive (12.7 mm).


      *(b) Fully automatic firearms to .50 caliber inclusive (12.7 mm).


      *(c) Firearms or other weapons (e.g. insurgency-counterinsurgency, close assault weapons systems) having a special military application regardless of caliber.


      *(d) Combat shotguns. This includes any shotgun with a barrel length less than 18 inches.


      *(e) Silencers, mufflers, sound and flash suppressors for the articles in (a) through (d) of this category and their specifically designed, modified or adapted components and parts.


    6. Riflescopes manufactured to military specifications (See category XII(c) for controls on night sighting devices.)

*(g) Barrels, cylinders, receivers (frames) or complete breech mechanisms for the articles in paragraphs

(a) through (d) of this category.


  1. Components, parts, accessories and attachments for the articles in paragraphs (a) through (g) of this category.


  2. Technical data (as defined in §120.10 of this subchapter) and defense services (as defined in §120.9 of this subchapter) directly related to the defense articles described in paragraphs (a) through (h) of this category. Technical data directly related to the manufacture or production of any defense articles described elsewhere in this category that are designated as Significant Military Equipment (SME) shall itself be designated SME.


  3. The following interpretations explain and amplify the terms used in this category and throughout this subchapter:


    1. A firearm is a weapon not over .50 caliber (12.7 mm) which is designed to expel a projectile by the action of an explosive or which may be readily converted to do so.


    2. A rifle is a shoulder firearm which can discharge a bullet through a rifled barrel 16 inches or longer.


    3. A carbine is a lightweight shoulder firearm with a barrel under 16 inches in length.


    4. A pistol is a hand-operated firearm having a chamber integral with or permanently aligned with the bore.


    5. A revolver is a hand-operated firearm with a revolving cylinder containing chambers for individual cartridges.


    6. A submachine gun, “machine pistol” or “machine gun” is a firearm originally designed to fire, or capable of being fired, fully automatically by a single pull of the trigger.


NOTE: This coverage by the U.S. Munitions List in paragraphs (a) through (i) of this category excludes any non- combat shotgun with a barrel length of 18 inches or longer, BB, pellet, and muzzle loading (black powder) firearms. This category does not cover riflescopes and sighting devices that are not manufactured to military specifications. It also excludes accessories and attachments (e.g., belts, slings, after market rubber grips, cleaning kits) for firearms that do not enhance the usefulness, effectiveness, or capabilities of the firearm, components and parts. The Department of Commerce regulates the export of such items. See the Export Administration Regulations (15 CFR parts 730-799). In addition, license exemptions for the items in this category are available in various parts of this subchapter (e.g. §§123.17, 123.18 and 125.4).


Category II—Guns and Armament


*(a) Guns over caliber .50 (i.e., 12.7 mm), whether towed, airborne, self-propelled, or fixed, including but not limited to, howitzers, mortars, cannons, recoilless rifles, and grenade launchers.


  1. Flame throwers specifically designed or modified for military application.


  2. Apparatus and devices for launching or delivering ordnance, other than those articles controlled in Category IV.


*(d) Kinetic energy weapon systems specifically designed or modified for destruction or rendering mission-abort of a target.

(e) Signature control materials (e.g., parasitic, structural, coatings, screening) techniques, and equipment specifically designed, developed, configured, adapted or modified to alter or reduce the signature (e.g., muzzle flash suppression, radar, infrared, visual, laser/electro-optical, acoustic) of defense articles controlled by this category.


*(f) Engines specifically designed or modified for the self-propelled guns and howitzers in paragraph (a) of this category.


  1. Tooling and equipment specifically designed or modified for the production of defense articles controlled by this category.


  2. Test and evaluation equipment and test models specifically designed or modified for the articles controlled by this category. This includes but is not limited to diagnostic instrumentation and physical test models.


  3. Autoloading systems for electronic programming of projectile function for the defense articles controlled in this Category.


  4. All other components, parts, accessories, attachments and associated equipment specifically designed or modified for the articles in paragraphs (a) through (i) of this category. This includes but is not limited to mounts and carriages for the articles controlled in this category.


  5. Technical data (as defined in §120.10 of this subchapter) and defense services (as defined in §120.9 of this subchapter) directly related to the defense articles described in paragraphs (a) through (j) of this category. Technical data directly related to the manufacture or production of any defense articles described elsewhere in this category that are designated as Significant Military Equipment (SME) shall itself be designated SME.


  6. The following interpretations explain and amplify the terms used in this category and elsewhere in this subchapter:


    1. The kinetic energy weapons systems in paragraph (d) of this category include but are not limited to:


      1. Launch systems and subsystems capable of accelerating masses larger than 0.1g to velocities in excess of 1.6km/s, in single or rapid fire modes, using methods such as: electromagnetic, electrothermal, plasma, light gas, or chemical;


      2. Prime power generation, electric armor, energy storage, thermal management; conditioning, switching or fuel-handling equipment; and the electrical interfaces between power supply gun and other turret electric drive function;


      3. Target acquisition, tracking fire control or damage assessment systems; and


      4. Homing seeker, guidance or divert propulsion (lateral acceleration) systems for projectiles.


    2. The articles in this category include any end item, component, accessory, attachment part, firmware, software or system that has been designed or manufactured using technical data and defense services controlled by this category.


    3. The articles specifically designed or modified for military application controlled in this category include any article specifically developed, configured, or adapted for military application.

Category III—Ammunition/Ordnance


*(a) Ammunition/ordnance for the articles in Categories I and II of this section.


  1. Ammunition/ordnance handling equipment specifically designed or modified for the articles controlled in this category, such as, belting, linking, and de-linking equipment.


  2. Equipment and tooling specifically designed or modified for the production of defense articles controlled by this category.


  3. Components, parts, accessories, attachments and associated equipment specifically designed or modified for the articles in this category:


    *(1) Guidance and control components for the articles in paragraph (a) of this category;


    *(2) Safing, arming and fuzing components (including target detection and localization devices) for the articles in paragraph (a) of this category; and


    (3) All other components, parts, accessories, attachments and associated equipment for the articles in paragraphs (a) through (c) of this category.


  4. Technical data (as defined in §120.10 of this subchapter) and defense services (as defined in §120.9 of this subchapter) directly related to the defense articles described in paragraphs (a) through (d) of this category. Technical data directly related to the manufacture or production of any defense articles described elsewhere in this category that are designated as Significant Military Equipment (SME) shall itself be designated SME.


  5. The following explains and amplifies the terms used in this category and elsewhere in this subchapter:


    1. The components, parts, accessories and attachments controlled in this category include, but are not limited to cartridge cases, powder bags (or other propellant charges), bullets, jackets, cores, shells (excluding shotgun shells), projectiles (including canister rounds and submunitions therefor), boosters, firing components therefor, primers, and other detonating devices for the defense articles controlled in this category.


    2. This category does not control cartridge and shell casings that, prior to export, have been rendered useless beyond the possibility of restoration for use as a cartridge or shell casing by means of heating, flame treatment, mangling, crushing, cutting or popping.


    3. Equipment and tooling in paragraph (c) of this category does not include equipment for hand- loading ammunition.


    4. The articles in this category include any end item, component, accessory, attachment, part, firmware, software, or system that has been designed or manufactured using technical data and defense services controlled by this category.


    5. The articles specifically designed or modified for military application controlled in this category include any article specifically developed, configured, or adapted for military application

Category IV—Launch Vehicles, Guided Missiles, Ballistic Missiles, Rockets, Torpedoes, Bombs, and Mines


*(a) Rockets, space launch vehicles (SLVs), missiles, bombs, torpedoes, depth charges, mines, and grenades, as follows:


  1. Rockets, SLVs, and missiles capable of delivering at least a 500-kg payload to a range of at least 300 km (MT);


  2. Rockets, SLVs, and missiles capable of delivering less than a 500-kg payload to a range of at least 300 km (MT);


  3. Man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS);


  4. Anti-tank missiles and rockets;


  5. Rockets, SLVs, and missiles not meeting the criteria of paragraphs (a)(1) through (a)(4) of this category;


  6. Bombs;


  7. Torpedoes;


  8. Depth charges;


  9. Anti-personnel, anti-vehicle, or anti-armor land mines (e.g., area denial devices);


  10. Anti-helicopter mines;


  11. Naval mines; or


  12. Fragmentation and high explosive hand grenades.


NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (a): “Range” is the maximum distance that the specified rocket system is capable of traveling in the mode of stable flight as measured by the projection of its trajectory over the surface of the Earth. The maximum capability based on the design characteristics of the system, when fully loaded with fuel or propellant, will be taken into consideration in determining range. The range for rocket systems will be determined independently of any external factors such as operational restrictions, limitations imposed by telemetry, data links, or other external constraints. For rocket systems, the range will be determined using the trajectory that maximizes range, assuming International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) standard atmosphere with zero wind.


NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (a): “Payload” is the total mass that can be carried or delivered by the specified rocket, SLV, or missile that is not used to maintain flight.


NOTE 3 TO PARAGRAPH (a): This paragraph does not control model and high power rockets (as defined in National Fire Protection Association Code 1122) and kits thereof made of paper, wood, fiberglass, or plastic containing no substantial metal parts and designed to be flown with hobby rocket motors that are certified for consumer use.

Such rockets must not contain active controls (e.g., RF, GPS).


NOTE 4 TO PARAGRAPH (a): ”Mine” means a munition placed under, on, or near the ground or other surface area and designed to be exploded by the presence, proximity, or contact of a person or vehicle.


*(b) Launchers for rockets, SLVs, and missiles, as follows:

  1. Fixed launch sites and mobile launcher mechanisms for any system enumerated in paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this category (MT); or


  2. Fixed launch sites and mobile launcher mechanisms for any system enumerated in paragraphs (a)(3) through (a)(5) of this category (e.g., launch tables, TOW missile, MANPADS).


NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (b): For controls on non-SLV launcher mechanisms for use on aircraft, see USML Category VIII(h).


NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (b): For controls on launcher mechanisms that are integrated onto a vessel or ground vehicle, see USML Categories VI and VII, respectively.


NOTE 3 TO PARAGRAPH (b): This paragraph does not control parts and accessories (e.g., igniters, launch stands) specially designed for consumer use with model and high power rockets (as defined in National Fire Protection Association Code 1122) and kits thereof made of paper, wood, fiberglass, or plastic containing no substantial metal parts and designed to be flown with hobby rocket motors that are certified for consumer use.


  1. Apparatus and devices specially designed for the handling, control, activation, monitoring, detection, protection, discharge, or detonation of the articles enumerated in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this category (MT for those systems enumerated in paragraphs (a)(1), (a)(2), and (b)(1) of this category).


    NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (c): This paragraph includes specialized handling equipment (transporters, cranes, and lifts) specially designed to handle articles enumerated in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this category for preparation and launch from fixed and mobile sites. The equipment in this paragraph also includes specially designed robots, robot controllers, and robot end-effectors, and liquid propellant tanks specially designed for the storage or handling of the propellants controlled in USML Category V, CCL ECCNs 1C011, 1C111, and 1C608, or other liquid propellants used in the systems enumerated in paragraphs (a)(1), (a)(2), or (a)(5) of this category.


    NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (c): Aircraft Missile Protection Systems (AMPS) are controlled in USML Category XI.


    *(d) Rocket, SLV, and missile power plants, as follows:


    1. Except as enumerated in paragraph (d)(2) or (d)(3) of this category, individual rocket stages for the articles enumerated in paragraph (a)(1), (a)(2), or (a)(5) of this category (MT for those stages usable in systems enumerated in paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this category);


    2. Solid propellant rocket motors, hybrid or gel rocket motors, or liquid propellant rocket engines having a total impulse capacity equal to or greater than 1.1 × 106 N·s (MT);


    3. Solid propellant rocket motors, hybrid or gel rocket motors, or liquid propellant rocket engines having a total impulse capacity equal to or greater than 8.41 × 105 N·s, but less than 1.1 × 106 N·s (MT);


    4. Combined cycle, pulsejet, ramjet, or scramjet engines (MT);


    5. Air-breathing engines that operate above Mach 4 not enumerated in paragraph (d)(4) of this category;


    6. Pressure gain combustion-based propulsion systems not enumerated in paragraphs (d)(4) and (d)(5) of this category; or


    7. Rocket, SLV, and missile engines and motors, not otherwise enumerated in paragraphs (d)(1) through (d)(6) of this category or USML Category XIX.

NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (d): This paragraph does not control model and high power rocket motors, containing no more than 5 pounds of propellant, that are certified for U.S. consumer use as described in National Fire Protection Association Code 1125.


(e)-(f) [Reserved]


*(g) Non-nuclear warheads for rockets, bombs, and missiles (e.g., explosive, kinetic, EMP, thermobaric, shape charge, and fuel air explosive (FAE)).


  1. Systems, subsystems, parts, components, accessories, attachments, or associated equipment, as follows:


    1. Flight control and guidance systems (including guidance sets) specially designed for articles enumerated in paragraph (a) of this category (MT for those articles enumerated in paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this category);


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (h)(1): A guidance set integrates the process of measuring and computing a vehicle's position and velocity (i.e., navigation) with that of computing and sending commands to the vehicle's flight control systems to correct the trajectory.


    2. Seeker systems specially designed for articles enumerated in paragraph (a) of this category (e.g., radiofrequency, infrared) (MT for articles enumerated in paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this category);


    3. Kinetic kill vehicles and specially designed parts and components therefor;


    4. Missile or rocket thrust vector control systems (MT for those thrust vector control systems usable in articles enumerated in paragraph (a)(1) of this category);


    5. MANPADS grip stocks and specially designed parts and components therefor;


    6. Rocket or missile nozzles and nozzle throats, and specially designed parts and components therefor (MT for those nozzles and nozzle throats usable in systems enumerated in paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this category);


    7. Rocket or missile nose tips, nose fairings, or aerospikes, and specially designed parts and components therefor (MT for those articles enumerated in paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this category);


    8. Re-entry vehicle or warhead heat shields (MT for those re-entry vehicles and heat shields usable in systems enumerated in paragraph (a)(1) of this category);


    9. Missile and rocket safing, arming, fuzing, and firing (SAFF) components (to include target detection and proximity sensing devices), and specially designed parts therefor (MT for those SAFF components usable in systems enumerated in paragraph (a)(1) of this category);


    10. Self-destruct systems specially designed for articles enumerated in paragraph (a) of this category (MT for those articles enumerated in paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this category);


    11. Separation mechanisms, staging mechanisms, and interstages useable for articles enumerated in paragraph (a) of this category, and specially designed parts and components therefor (MT for those separation mechanisms, staging mechanisms, and interstages usable in systems enumerated in paragraph (a)(1) of this category);


    12. Post-boost vehicles (PBV) (MT);

    13. Engine or motor mounts specially designed for articles enumerated in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this category (MT for those articles enumerated in paragraphs (a)(1), (a)(2), and (b)(1) of this category);


    14. Combustion chambers specially designed for articles enumerated in paragraphs (a) and (d) of this category and specially designed parts and components therefor (MT for those articles enumerated in paragraphs (a)(1), (a)(2), (b)(1), and (d)(1) through (d)(5) of this category);


    15. Injectors specially designed for articles controlled in this category (MT for those injectors specially designed which are usable in systems enumerated in paragraph (a)(1) of this category);


    16. Solid rocket motor or liquid engine igniters;


    17. Re-entry vehicles and specially designed parts and components therefor not elsewhere specified in this category (MT);


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (h)(17): This paragraph does not control spacecraft. For controls on spacecraft, see USML Category XV and, if not described therein, then CCL ECCN 9A515.


    18. Specially designed parts and components for articles controlled in paragraph (g) not elsewhere specified in this category;


    19. Penetration aids and specially designed parts and components therefor (e.g., physical or electronic countermeasure suites, re-entry vehicle replicas or decoys, or submunitions);


    20. Rocket motor cases and specially designed parts and components therefor (e.g., flanges, flange seals, end domes) (MT for those rocket motor cases usable in systems enumerated in paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this category and for specially designed parts and components for hybrid rocket motors enumerated in paragraphs (d)(2) and (d)(3) of this category);


    21. Solid rocket motor liners and rocket motor insulation (MT for those solid rocket motor liners usable in systems enumerated in paragraph (a)(1) of this category or specially designed for systems enumerated in paragraph (a)(2) of this category; and rocket motor insulation usable in systems enumerated in paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this category);


    22. Radomes, sensor windows, and antenna windows specially designed for articles enumerated in paragraph (a) of this category (MT for those radomes usable in systems enumerated in paragraph (a)(1) of this category and for any radomes, sensor windows, or antenna windows manufactured as composite structures or laminates specially designed for use in the systems and components enumerated in paragraph (a)(1), (a)(2), (d)(1), (h)(8), (h)(9), (h)(17), or (h)(25) of this category);


    23. Rocket or missile payload fairings;


    24. Rocket or missile launch canisters (MT for those rocket or missile launch canisters designed or modified for systems enumerated in paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this category);


    25. Fuzes specially designed for articles enumerated in paragraph (a) of this category (e.g., proximity, contact, electronic, dispenser proximity, airburst, variable time delay, or multi-option) (MT for those fuzes usable in systems enumerated in paragraph (a)(1) of this category);


    26. Rocket or missile liquid propellant tanks (MT for those rocket or missile liquid propellant tanks usable in systems enumerated in paragraph (a)(1) of this category);

    27. Rocket or missile altimeters specially designed for use in articles enumerated in paragraph (a)(1) of this category (MT);


    28. Pneumatic, hydraulic, mechanical, electro-optical, or electromechanical flight control systems (including fly-by-wire systems) and attitude control equipment specially designed for use in the rockets or missiles enumerated in paragraph (a)(1) of this category (MT for these systems which have been designed or modified for those enumerated in paragraph (a)(1) of this category);


    29. Umbilical and interstage electrical connectors specially designed for use in the rockets or missiles enumerated in paragraph (a)(1) or (a)(2) of this category (MT); or


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (h)(29): This paragraph also includes electrical connectors installed between the systems specified in paragraph (a)(1) or (a)(2) of this category and their payload.


      *(30) Any part, component, accessory, attachment, equipment, or system that (MT for those articles designated as such):


      1. Is classified;


      2. Contains classified software directly related to defense articles in this subchapter or 600 series items subject to the EAR; or


      3. Is being developed using classified information.


NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (h)(30): “Classified” means classified pursuant to Executive Order 13526, or predecessor order, and a security classification guide developed pursuant thereto or equivalent, or to the corresponding classification rules of another government or international organization.


(i) Technical data (see §120.10 of this subchapter) and defense services (see §120.9 of this subchapter) directly related to the defense articles described in paragraphs (a) through (h) of this category and classified technical data directly related to items controlled in ECCNs 0A604, 0B604, 0D604, 9A604, 9B604, or 9D604 and defense services using the classified technical data. Defense services include the furnishing of assistance (including training) to a foreign person in the integration of a satellite or spacecraft to a launch vehicle, including both planning and onsite support, regardless of the jurisdiction, ownership, or origin of the satellite or spacecraft, or whether technical data is used. It also includes the furnishing of assistance (including training) to a foreign person in the launch failure analysis of a launch vehicle, regardless of the jurisdiction, ownership, or origin of the launch vehicle, or whether technical data is used. (See §125.4 of this subchapter for exemptions, and §124.15 of this subchapter for special export controls for spacecraft and spacecraft launches.) (MT for technical data and defense services related to articles designated as such.)


(j)-(w) [Reserved]


  1. Commodities, software, and technical data subject to the EAR (see §120.42 of this subchapter) used in or with defense articles.


    NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (x): Use of this paragraph is limited to license applications for defense articles controlled in this category where the purchase documentation includes commodities, software, or technical data subject to the EAR (see §123.1(b) of this subchapter).


    NOTE TO CATEGORY IV: If a Missile Technology Control Regime Category I item is included in a system, that system will also be considered as a Category I item, except when the incorporated item cannot be separated, removed, or duplicated.

    Category V—Explosives and Energetic Materials, Propellants, Incendiary Agents, and Their Constituents


    *(a) Explosives, and mixtures thereof, as follows:


    1. ADNBF (aminodinitrobenzofuroxan or 7-Amino 4,6-dinitrobenzofurazane-1-oxide) (CAS 97096- 78-1);


    2. BNCP (cis-bis(5-nitrotetrazolato) tetra amine-cobalt (III) perchlorate) (CAS 117412-28-9);


    3. CL-14 (diaminodinitrobenzofuroxan or 5,7-diamino-4,6-dinitrobenzofurazane-1-oxide) (CAS 117907-74-1);


    4. CL-20 (HNIW or Hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane) (CAS 135285-90-4); clathrates of CL-20 (MT for CL-20);


    5. CP (2-(5-cyanotetrazolato) penta aminecobalt (III) perchlorate) (CAS 70247-32-4);


    6. DADE (1,1-diamino-2,2-dinitroethylene, FOX-7) (CAS 145250-81-3);


    7. DATB (Diaminotrinitrobenzene) (CAS 1630-08-6);


    8. DDFP (1,4-dinitrodifurazanopiperazine);


    9. DDPO (2,6-diamino-3,5-dinitropyrazine-1-oxide, PZO) (CAS 194486-77-6);


    10. DIPAM (3,3′-Diamino-2,2′,4,4′,6,6′-hexanitrobiphenyl or dipicramide) (CAS 17215-44-0);


    11. DNAN (2,4-Dinitroanisole) (CAS 119-27-7);


    12. DNGU (DINGU or dinitroglycoluril) (CAS 55510-04-8);


    13. Furazans, as follows:


      1. DAAOF (DAAF, DAAFox, or diaminoazoxyfurazan);


      2. DAAzF (diaminoazofurazan) (CAS 78644-90-3);


      3. ANF (Furazanamine, 4-nitro- or 3-Amino-4-nitrofurazan; or 4-Nitro-1,2,5-oxadiazol-3-amine; or 4-Nitro-3-furazanamine; CAS 66328-69-6); or


      4. ANAzF (Aminonitroazofurazan or 1,2,5-Oxadiazol-3-amine, 4-[2-(4-nitro-1,2,5-oxadiazol-3- yl) diazenyl]; or 1,2,5-Oxadiazol-3-amine, 4-[(4-nitro-1,2,5-oxadiazol-3-yl)azo]- (9CI); or Furazanamine, 4-[(nitrofurananyl)azo]-; or 4-[(4-Nitro-1,2,5-oxadiazol-3-yl)azo]-1,2,5- oxadiazol-3-amine) (CAS 155438-11-2);


    14. GUDN (Guanylurea dinitramide) FOX-12 (CAS 217464-38-5);


    15. HMX and derivatives, as follows:


      1. HMX (Cyclotetramethylenetetranitramine; octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazine; 1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetraza-cyclooctane; octogen, octogene) (CAS 2691-41-0) (MT);


      2. Difluoroaminated analogs of HMX; or

      3. K-55 (2,4,6,8-tetranitro-2,4,6,8-tetraazabicyclo [3,3,0]-octanone-3, tetranitrosemiglycouril, or keto-bicyclic HMX) (CAS 130256-72-3);


    16. HNAD (hexanitroadamantane) (CAS 143850-71-9);


    17. HNS (hexanitrostilbene) (CAS 20062-22-0);


    18. Imidazoles, as follows:


      1. BNNII (Octohydro-2,5-bis(nitroimino) imidazo [4,5-d]imidazole);


      2. DNI (2,4-dinitroimidazole) (CAS 5213-49-0);


      3. FDIA (1-fluoro-2,4-dinitroimidazole);


      4. NTDNIA (N-(2-nitrotriazolo)-2,4-dinitro-imidazole); or


      5. PTIA (1-picryl-2,4,5-trinitroimidazole);


    19. NTNMH (1-(2-nitrotriazolo)-2-dinitromethylene hydrazine);


    20. NTO (ONTA or 3-nitro-1,2,4-triazol-5-one) (CAS 932-64-9);


    21. Polynitrocubanes with more than four nitro groups;


    22. PYX (2,6-Bis(picrylamino)-3,5-dinitropyridine) (CAS 38082-89-2);


    23. RDX and derivatives, as follows:


      1. RDX (cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine), cyclonite, T4, hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine, 1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triaza-cyclohexane, hexogen, or hexogene) (CAS 121-82-4) (MT);


      2. Keto-RDX (K-6 or 2,4,6-trinitro-2,4,6-triazacyclohexanone) (CAS 115029-35-1); or


      3. Difluoraminated derivative of RDX; 1,3-Dinitro-5,5-bis(difluoramino)1,3-diazahexane (CAS No. 193021-34-0);


    24. TAGN (Triaminoguanidinenitrate) (CAS 4000-16-2);


    25. TATB (Triaminotrinitrobenzene) (CAS 3058-38-6);


    26. TEDDZ (3,3,7,7-tetrakis(difluoroamine) octahydro-1,5-dinitro-1,5-diazocine;


    27. Tetrazines, as follows:


      1. BTAT (Bis(2,2,2-trinitroethyl)-3,6-diaminotetrazine); or


      2. LAX-112 (3,6-diamino-1,2,4,5-tetrazine-1,4-dioxide);


    28. Tetrazoles, as follows:


      1. NTAT (nitrotriazolaminotetrazole); or


      2. NTNT (1-N-(2-nitrotriazolo)-4-nitrotetrazole);

    29. Tetryl (trinitrophenylmethylnitramine) (CAS 479-45-8);


    30. TEX (4,10-Dinitro-2,6,8,12-tetraoxa-4,10-diazaisowurtzitane);


(31) TNAD (1,4,5,8-tetranitro-1,4,5,8-tetraazadecalin) (CAS 135877-16-6);


  1. TNAZ (1,3,3-trinitroazetidine) (CAS 97645-24-4);


  2. TNGU (SORGUYL or tetranitroglycoluril) (CAS 55510-03-7);


  3. TNP (1,4,5,8-tetranitro-pyridazino [4,5-d] pyridazine) (CAS 229176-04-9);


  4. Triazines, as follows:


    1. DNAM (2-oxy-4,6-dinitroamino-s-triazine) (CAS 19899-80-0); or


    2. NNHT (2-nitroimino-5-nitro-hexahydro-1,3,5 triazine) (CAS 130400-13-4);


  5. Triazoles, as follows:


    1. 5-azido-2-nitrotriazole;


    2. ADHTDN (4-amino-3,5-dihydrazino-1,2,4-triazole dinitramide) (CAS 1614-08-0);


    3. ADNT (1-amino-3,5-dinitro-1,2,4-triazole);


    4. BDNTA (Bis(dinitrotriazole)amine);


      (v) DBT (3,3-dinitro-5,5-bi-1,2,4-triazole) (CAS 30003-46-4);


      1. DNBT (dinitrobistriazole) (CAS 70890-46-9);


      2. NTDNT (1-N-(2-nitrotriazolo) 3,5-dinitro-triazole);


      3. PDNT (1-picryl-3,5-dinitrotriazole); or


      4. TACOT (tetranitrobenzotriazolobenzotriazole) (CAS 25243-36-1);


  6. Energetic ionic materials melting between 343 K (70 °C) and 373 K (100 °C) and with detonation velocity exceeding 6800 m/s or detonation pressure exceeding 18 GPa (180 kbar); or


  7. Explosives, not otherwise enumerated in this paragraph or on the CCL in ECCN 1C608, with a detonation velocity exceeding 8700 m/s at maximum density or a detonation pressure exceeding 34 Gpa (340 kbar).


*(b) Propellants, as follows (MT for composite and composite modified double-base propellants):


  1. Any solid propellant with a theoretical specific impulse (see paragraph (k)(4) of this category) greater than:


    1. 240 seconds for non-metallized, non-halogenated propellant;


    2. 250 seconds for non-metallized, halogenated propellant; or

    3. 260 seconds for metallized propellant;


  2. Propellants having a force constant of more than 1,200 kJ/Kg;


  3. Propellants that can sustain a steady-state burning rate more than 38 mm/s under standard conditions (as measured in the form of an inhibited single strand) of 6.89 Mpa (68.9 bar) pressure and 294K (21 °C);


  4. Elastomer-modified cast double-based propellants with extensibility at maximum stress greater than 5% at 233 K (−40 °C); or


  5. Other composite and composite modified double-base propellants.


  1. Pyrotechnics, fuels and related substances, and mixtures thereof, as follows:


    1. Alane (aluminum hydride) (CAS 7784-21-6);


    2. Carboranes; decaborane (CAS 17702-41-9); pentaborane and derivatives thereof (MT);


    3. Liquid high energy density fuels, as follows (MT):


      1. Mixed fuels that incorporate both solid and liquid fuels, such as boron slurry, having a mass-based energy density of 40 MJ/kg or greater; or


      2. Other high energy density fuels and fuel additives (e.g., cubane, ionic solutions, JP-7, JP-

        10) having a volume-based energy density of 37.5 GJ per cubic meter or greater, measured at 20 °C and one atmosphere (101.325 kPa) pressure;


        NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (c)(3)(II): JP-4, JP-8, fossil refined fuels or biofuels, or fuels for engines certified for use in civil aviation are not included.


    4. Metal fuels, and fuel or pyrotechnic mixtures in particle form whether spherical, atomized, spheroidal, flaked, or ground, manufactured from material consisting of 99% or more of any of the following:


      1. Metals, and mixtures thereof, as follows:


        1. Beryllium (CAS 7440-41-7) in particle sizes of less than 60 micrometers (MT); or


        2. Iron powder (CAS 7439-89-6) with particle size of 3 micrometers or less produced by reduction of iron oxide with hydrogen;


      2. Fuel mixtures or pyrotechnic mixtures, which contain any of the following:


        1. Boron (CAS 7440-42-8) or boron carbide (CAS 12069-32-8) fuels of 85% purity or higher and particle sizes of less than 60 micrometers; or


        2. Zirconium (CAS 7440-67-7), magnesium (CAS 7439-95-4), or alloys of these in particle sizes of less than 60 micrometers;


      3. Explosives and fuels containing the metals or alloys listed in paragraphs (c)(4)(i) and (c)(4)(ii) of this category whether or not the metals or alloys are encapsulated in aluminum, magnesium, zirconium, or beryllium;

    5. Fuel, pyrotechnic, or energetic mixtures having any nanosized aluminum, beryllium, boron, zirconium, magnesium, or titanium, as follows:


      1. Having particle size less than 200 nm in any direction; and


      2. Having 60% or higher purity;


    6. Pyrotechnic and pyrophoric materials, as follows:


      1. Pyrotechnic or pyrophoric materials specifically formulated to enhance or control the production of radiated energy in any part of the IR spectrum; or


      2. Mixtures of magnesium, polytetrafluoroethylene and the copolymer vinylidene difluoride and hexafluoropropylene (MT);


    7. Titanium subhydride (TiHn) of stoichiometry equivalent to n = 0.65-1.68; or


    8. Hydrocarbon fuels specially formulated for use in flame throwers or incendiary munitions containing metal stearates (e.g., octal) or palmitates, and M1, M2, and M3 thickeners.


  2. Oxidizers, as follows:


    1. ADN (ammonium dinitramide or SR-12) (CAS 140456-78-6) (MT);


    2. AP (ammonium perchlorate) (CAS 7790-98-9) (MT);


    3. BDNPN (bis(2,2-dinitropropyl)nitrate) (CAS 28464-24-6);


    4. DNAD (1,3-dinitro-1,3-diazetidine) (CAS 78246-06-7);


    5. HAN (Hydroxylammonium nitrate) (CAS 13465-08-2);


    6. HAP (hydroxylammonium perchlorate) (CAS 15588-62-2);


    7. HNF (Hydrazinium nitroformate) (CAS 20773-28-8) (MT);


    8. Hydrazine nitrate (CAS 37836-27-4) (MT);


    9. Hydrazine perchlorate (CAS 27978-54-7) (MT);


    10. Inhibited red fuming nitric acid (IRFNA) (CAS 8007-58-7) and liquid oxidizers comprised of or containing IRFNA or oxygen difluoride (MT for liquid oxidizers comprised of IRFNA); or


    11. Perchlorates, chlorates, and chromates composited with powdered metal or other high energy fuel components controlled under this category (MT).


*(e) Binders, and mixtures thereof, as follows:


  1. AMMO (azidomethylmethyloxetane and its polymers) (CAS 90683-29-7);


  2. BAMO-3-3 (bis(azidomethyl)oxetane and its polymers) (CAS 17607-20-4);


  3. BTTN (butanetriol trinitrate) (CAS 6659-60-5) (MT);

  4. FAMAO (3-difluoroaminomethyl-3-azidomethyloxetane) and its polymers;


  5. FEFO (bis(2-fluoro-2,2-dinitroethyl)formal) (CAS 17003-79-1);


  6. GAP (glycidyl azide polymer) (CAS 143178-24-9) and its derivatives (MT for GAP);


  7. HTPB (hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene) with a hydroxyl functionality equal to or greater than

    2.2 and less than or equal to 2.4, a hydroxyl value of less than 0.77 meq/g, and a viscosity at 30 °C of less than 47 poise (CAS 69102-90-5) (MT);


  8. 4,5 diazidomethyl-2-methyl-1,2,3-triazole (iso-DAMTR) (MT);


  9. NENAS (nitratoethylnitramine compounds), as follows:


    1. N-Methyl 2-nitratoethylnitramine (Methyl-NENA) (CAS 17096-47-8) (MT);


    2. N-Ethyl 2-nitratoethylnitramine (Ethyl-NENA) (CAS 85068-73-1) (MT);


    3. N-Propyl 2-nitratoethylnitramine (CAS 82486-83-7);


    4. N-Butyl-2-nitratoethylnitramine (BuNENA) (CAS 82486-82-6); or


    5. N-Pentyl 2-nitratoethylnitramine (CAS 85954-06-9);


  10. Poly-NIMMO (poly nitratomethylmethyoxetane, poly-NMMO, (poly[3-nitratomethyl-3-methyl oxetane]) (CAS 84051-81-0);


  11. PNO (Poly(3-nitratooxetane));


  12. TVOPA 1,2,3-Tris [1,2-bis(difluoroamino)ethoxy]propane; tris vinoxy propane adduct (CAS 53159-39-0);


  13. Polynitrorthocarbonates;


  14. FPF-1 (poly-2,2,3,3,4,4-hexafluoro pentane-1,5-diolformal) (CAS 376-90-9);


  15. FPF-3 (poly-2,4,4,5,5,6,6-heptafluoro-2-trifluoromethyl-3-oxaheptane-1,7-diolformal);


  16. PGN (Polyglycidyl nitrate or poly(nitratomethyloxirane); poly-GLYN); (CAS 27814-48-8);


  17. N-methyl-p-nitroaniline (MT);


  18. Low (less than 10,000) molecular weight, alcohol-functionalized, poly(epichlorohydrin); poly(epichlorohydrindiol); and triol; or


  19. Dinitropropyl based plasticizers, as follows (MT):


    1. BDNPA (bis (2,2-dinitropropyl) acetal) (CAS 5108-69-0); or


    2. BDNPF (bis (2,2-dinitropropyl) formal) (CAS 5917-61-3).


  1. Additives, as follows:


    1. Basic copper salicylate (CAS 62320-94-9);

    2. BHEGA (Bis-(2-hydroxyethyl)glycolamide) (CAS 17409-41-5);


    3. BNO (Butadienenitrile oxide);


    4. Ferrocene derivatives, as follows (MT):


      (i) Butacene (CAS 125856-62-4);


      1. Catocene (2,2-Bis-ethylferrocenylpropane) (CAS 37206-42-1);


      2. Ferrocene carboxylic acids and ferrocene carboxylic acid esters;


      3. n-butylferrocene (CAS 31904-29-7);


      4. Ethylferrocene (CAS 1273-89-8);


      5. Propylferrocene;


      6. Pentylferrocene (CAS 1274-00-6);


      7. Dicyclopentylferrocene;


      8. Dicyclohexylferrocene;


      9. Diethylferrocene (CAS 173-97-8);


      10. Dipropylferrocene;


      11. Dibutylferrocene (CAS 1274-08-4);


      12. Dihexylferrocene (CAS 93894-59-8);


      13. Acetylferrocene (CAS 1271-55-2)/1,1′-diacetyl ferrocene (CAS 1273-94-5); or


      14. Other ferrocene derivatives that do not contain a six carbon aromatic functional group attached to the ferrocene molecule (MT if usable as rocket propellant burning rate modifier);


    5. Lead beta-resorcylate (CAS 20936-32-7);


    6. Lead citrate (CAS 14450-60-3);


    7. Lead-copper chelates of beta-resorcylate or salicylates (CAS 68411-07-4);


    8. Lead maleate (CAS 19136-34-6);


    9. Lead salicylate (CAS 15748-73-9);


    10. Lead stannate (CAS 12036-31-6);


    11. MAPO (tris-1-(2-methyl) aziridinylphosphine oxide) (CAS 57-39-6); BOBBA-8 (bis(2-methyl aziridinyl)-2-(2-hydroxypropanoxy) propylamino phosphine oxide); and other MAPO derivatives (MT for MAPO);


    12. Methyl BAPO (Bis(2-methyl aziridinyl)methylaminophosphine oxide) (CAS 85068-72-0);

    13. 3-Nitraza-1,5-pentane diisocyanate (CAS 7406-61-9);


    14. Organo-metallic coupling agents, as follows:


      1. Neopentyl[diallyl]oxy, tri [dioctyl] phosphatotitanate (CAS 103850-22-2); also known as titanium IV, 2,2[bis 2-propenolato-methyl, butanolato, tris (dioctyl) phosphato] (CAS 110438-25-0), or LICA 12 (CAS 103850-22-2);


      2. Titanium IV, [(2-propenolato-1) methyl, n-propanolatomethyl] butanolato-1, tris(dioctyl)pyrophosphate, or KR3538; or


      3. Titanium IV, [(2-propenolato-1)methyl, propanolatomethyl] butanolato-1, tris(dioctyl) phosphate;


    15. PCDE (Polycyanodifluoroaminoethylene oxide);


    16. Certain bonding agents, as follows (MT):


      1. 1,1R,1S-trimesoyl-tris(2-ethylaziridine) (HX-868, BITA) (CAS 7722-73-8); or


      2. Polyfunctional aziridine amides with isophthalic, trimesic, isocyanuric, or trimethyladipic backbone also having a 2-methyl or 2-ethyl aziridine group;


        NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (f)(16)(II): Included are (1) 1,1H-Isophthaloyl-bis(2-methylaziridine) (HX-752) (CAS 7652-64-4); (2) 2,4,6-tris(2-ethyl-1-aziridinyl)-1,3,5-triazine (HX-874) (CAS 18924-91-9); and (3) 1,1- trimethyladipoylbis(2-ethylaziridine) (HX-877) (CAS 71463-62-2).


    17. Superfine iron oxide (Fe2O3, hematite) with a specific surface area more than 250 m2/g and an average particle size of 0.003 micrometers or less (CAS 1309-37-1);


    18. TEPAN (HX-879) (tetraethylenepentaamineacrylonitrile) (CAS 68412-45-3); cyanoethylated polyamines and their salts (MT for TEPAN (HX-879));


    19. TEPANOL (HX-878) (tetraethy-lenepentaamineacrylonitrileglycidol) (CAS 68412-46-4); cyanoethylated polyamines adducted with glycidol and their salts (MT for TEPANOL (HX-878));


    20. TPB (triphenyl bismuth) (CAS 603-33-8) (MT); or


    21. Tris (ethoxyphenyl) bismuth (TEPB) (CAS 90591-48-3).


  2. Precursors, as follows:


    1. BCMO (3,3-bis(chloromethyl)oxetane) (CAS 78-71-7);


    2. DADN (1,5-diacetyl-3,7-dinitro-1, 3, 5, 7-tetraazacyclooctane);


    3. Dinitroazetidine-t-butyl salt (CAS 125735-38-8);


    4. CL-20 precursors (any molecule containing hexaazaisowurtzitane) (e.g., HBIW (hexabenzylhexaazaisowurtzitane), TAIW (tetraacetyldibenzylhexa-azaisowurtzitane));


    5. TAT (1, 3, 5, 7-tetraacetyl-1, 3, 5, 7-tetraazacyclooctane) (CAS 41378-98-7);


    6. Tetraazadecalin (CAS 5409-42-7);

    7. 1,3,5-trichlorobenzene (CAS 108-70-3); or


    8. 1,2,4-trihydroxybutane (1,2,4-butanetriol) (CAS 3068-00-6).


*(h) Any explosive, propellant, pyrotechnic, fuel, oxidizer, binder, additive, or precursor that (MT for articles designated as such):


  1. Is classified; or


  2. Is being developed using classified information (see §120.10(a)(2) of this subchapter).


NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (h): “Classified” means classified pursuant to Executive Order 13526, or predecessor order, and a security classification guide developed pursuant thereto or equivalent, or to the corresponding classification rules of another government or international organization.


  1. Developmental explosives, propellants, pyrotechnics, fuels, oxidizers, binders, additives, or precursors therefor funded by the Department of Defense via contract or other funding authorization.


    NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (i): This paragraph does not control explosives, propellants, pyrotechnics, fuels, oxidizers, binders, additives, or precursors therefor (a) in production, (b) determined to be subject to the EAR via a commodity jurisdiction determination (see §120.4 of this subchapter), or (c) identified in the relevant Department of Defense contract or other funding authorization as being developed for both civil and military applications.


    NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (i): Note 1 does not apply to defense articles enumerated on the U.S. Munitions List, whether in production or development.


    NOTE 3 TO PARAGRAPH (i): This paragraph is applicable only to those contracts and funding authorizations that are dated January 5, 2015, or later.


  2. Technical data (as defined in §120.10 of this subchapter) and defense services (as defined in §120.9 of this subchapter) directly related to the defense articles described in paragraphs (a) through (i) of this category (see also §123.20 of this subchapter) (MT for articles designated as such).


  3. The following interpretations explain and amplify the terms used in this category and elsewhere in this subchapter:


    1. USML Category V contains explosives, energetic materials, propellants, and pyrotechnics and specially formulated fuels for aircraft, missile, and naval applications. Explosives are solid, liquid, or gaseous substances or mixtures of substances, which, in their primary, booster, or main charges in warheads, demolition, or other military applications, are required to detonate.


    2. The resulting product of the combination or conversion of any substance controlled by this category into an item not controlled will no longer be controlled by this category provided the controlled item cannot easily be recovered through dissolution, melting, sieving, etc. As an example, beryllium converted to a near net shape using hot isostatic processes will result in an uncontrolled part. A cured thermoset containing beryllium powder is not controlled unless meeting an explosive or propellant control. The mixture of beryllium powder in a cured thermoset shape is not controlled by this category. The mixture of controlled beryllium powder mixed with a typical propellant binder will remain controlled by this category. The addition of dry silica powder to dry beryllium powder will remain controlled.


    3. Paragraph (c)(4)(ii)(A) of this category does not apply to boron and boron carbide enriched with boron-10 (20% or more of total boron-10 content).

    4. Theoretical specific impulse (Isp) is calculated using standard conditions (1000 psi chamber pressure expanded to 14.7 psi) and measured in units of pound-force-seconds per pound-mass (lbf-s/lbm) or simplified to seconds (s). Calculations will be based on shifting equilibrium.


    5. Particle size is the mean particle diameter on a weight basis. Best industrial practices will be used in determining particle size and the controls may not be undermined by addition of larger or smaller sized material to shift the mean diameter.


(l)-(w) [Reserved]


(x) Commodities, software, and technical data subject to the EAR (see §120.42 of this subchapter) used in or with defense articles.


NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (x): Use of this paragraph is limited to license applications for defense articles controlled in this category where the purchase documentation includes commodities, software, or technical data subject to the EAR (see §123.1(b) of this subchapter).


NOTE 1 TO USML CATEGORY V: To assist the exporter, an item has been categorized by the most common use. Also, where appropriate, references have been provided to the related controlled precursors.


NOTE 2 TO USML CATEGORY V: Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) registry numbers do not cover all the substances and mixtures controlled by this category. The numbers are provided as examples to assist government agencies in the license review process and exporters when completing their license application and export documentation.


Category VI—Surface Vessels of War and Special Naval Equipment


*(a) Warships and other combatant vessels (i.e., battleships, aircraft carriers, destroyers, frigates, cruisers, corvettes, littoral combat ships, mine sweepers, mine hunters, mine countermeasure ships, dock landing ships, amphibious assault ships), Coast Guard Cutters (with or equivalent to those with

U.S. designations WHEC, WMEC, WMSL, or WPB for the purpose of this subchapter), or foreign- origin vessels specially designed to provide functions equivalent to those of the vessels listed above.


  1. Other vessels not controlled in paragraph (a) of this category, as follows:


    1. High-speed air cushion vessels for transporting cargo and personnel, ship-to-shore and across a beach, with a payload over 25 tons;


    2. Surface vessels integrated with nuclear propulsion plants or specially designed to support naval nuclear propulsion plants;


    3. Vessels armed or specially designed to be used as a platform to deliver munitions or otherwise destroy or incapacitate targets (e.g., firing lasers, launching torpedoes, rockets, or missiles, or firing munitions greater than .50 caliber); or


    4. Vessels incorporating any mission systems controlled under this subchapter.


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (b)(4): “Mission systems” are defined as “systems” (see §120.45(g) of this subchapter) that are defense articles that perform specific military functions such as by providing military communication, electronic warfare, target designation, surveillance, target detection, or sensor capabilities.


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPHS (a) AND (b): Vessels specially designed for military use that are not identified in paragraph (a) or (b) of this category are subject to the EAR under ECCN 8A609, including any demilitarized

      vessels, regardless of origin or designation, manufactured prior to 1950 and unmodified since 1949. Vessels with modifications made to incorporate safety features required by law, are cosmetic (e.g., different paint), or that add

      parts or components otherwise available prior to 1950 are considered “unmodified” for the purposes of this paragraph.


  2. Developmental vessels, and specially designed parts, components, accessories, and attachments therefor, funded by the Department of Defense via contract or other funding authorization.


    NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (c): This paragraph does not control vessels, and specially designed parts, components, accessories, and attachments therefor, (a) in production, (b) determined to be subject to the EAR via a commodity jurisdiction determination (see§120.4 of this subchapter), or (c) identified in the relevant Department of Defense contract or other funding authorization as being developed for both civil and military applications.


    NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (c): Note 1 does not apply to defense articles enumerated on the U.S. Munitions List, whether in production or development.


    NOTE 3 TO PARAGRAPH (c): This provision is applicable to those contracts and funding authorizations that are dated July 8, 2014, or later.


  3. [Reserved]


*(e) Naval nuclear propulsion plants and prototypes, and special facilities for construction, support, and maintenance therefor (see §123.20 of this subchapter).


  1. Vessel and naval equipment, parts, components, accessories, attachments, associated equipment, and systems, as follows:


    1. Hulls or superstructures, including support structures therefor, that:


      1. Are specially designed for any vessels controlled in paragraph (a) of this category;


      2. Have armor, active protection systems, or developmental armor systems; or


      3. Are specially designed to survive 12.5% or greater damage across the length as measured between perpendiculars;


    2. Systems that manage, store, create, distribute, conserve, and transfer energy, and specially designed parts and components therefor, that have:


      1. Storage exceeding 30MJ;


      2. A discharge rate less than 3 seconds; and


      3. A cycle time under 45 seconds;


    3. Shipborne auxiliary systems for chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) compartmentalization, over-pressurization and filtration systems, and specially designed parts and components therefor;


      *(4) Control and monitoring systems for autonomous unmanned vessels capable of on-board, autonomous perception and decision-making necessary for the vessel to navigate while avoiding fixed and moving hazards, and obeying rules-of-the road without human intervention;


      *(5) Any machinery, device, component, or equipment, including production, testing and inspection equipment, and tooling, specially designed for plants or facilities controlled in paragraph (e) of this section (see §123.20 of this subchapter);

      1. Parts, components, accessories, attachments, and equipment specially designed for integration of articles controlled by USML Categories II, IV, or XVIII or catapults for launching aircraft or arresting gear for recovering aircraft (MT for launcher mechanisms specially designed for rockets, space launch vehicles, or missiles capable of achieving a range greater than or equal to 300 km);


        NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (f)(6): “Range” is the maximum distance that the specified rocket system is capable of traveling in the mode of stable flight as measured by the projection of its trajectory over the surface of the Earth. The maximum capability based on the design characteristics of the system, when fully loaded with fuel or propellant, will be taken into consideration in determining range. The range for rocket systems will be determined independently of any external factors such as operational restrictions, limitations imposed by telemetry, data links, or other external constraints. For rocket systems, the range will be determined using the trajectory that maximizes range, assuming International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) standard atmosphere with zero wind.


      2. Shipborne active protection systems (i.e., defensive systems that actively detect and track incoming threats and launch a ballistic, explosive, energy, or electromagnetic countermeasure(s) to neutralize the threat prior to contact with a vessel) and specially designed parts and components therefor;


      3. Minesweeping and mine hunting equipment (including mine countermeasures equipment deployed by aircraft), and specially designed parts and components therefor; or


        *(9) Any part, component, accessory, attachment, equipment, or system that:


        1. Is classified;


        2. Contains classified software directly related to defense articles in this subchapter or 600 series items subject to the EAR; or


        3. Is being developed using classified information.


      “Classified” means classified pursuant to Executive Order 13526, or predecessor order, and a security classification guide developed pursuant thereto or equivalent, or to the corresponding classification rules of another government or international organization.


      NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (f): Parts, components, accessories, attachments, associated equipment, and systems specially designed for vessels described in this category but not listed in paragraph (f) are subject to the EAR under ECCN 8A609.


      NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (f): For controls related to ship signature management, see USML Category XIII.


  2. Technical data (see §120.10 of this subchapter) and defense services (see §120.9 of this subchapter) directly related to the defense articles described in paragraphs (a) through (f) of this category and classified technical data directly related to items controlled in ECCNs 8A609, 8B609, 8C609, and 8D609 and defense services using the classified technical data. (MT for technical data and defense services related to articles designated as such.)


(See §125.4 of this subchapter for exemptions.) (h)-(w) [Reserved]

  1. Commodities, software, and technical data subject to the EAR (see §120.42 of this subchapter) used

    in or with defense articles.

    NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (x): Use of this paragraph is limited to license applications for defense articles controlled in this category where the purchase documentation includes commodities, software, or technical data subject to the EAR (see §123.1(b) of this subchapter).


    Category VII—Ground Vehicles


    *(a) Armored combat ground vehicles as follows:


    1. Tanks; or


    2. Infantry fighting vehicles.


*(b) Ground vehicles (not enumerated in paragraph (a) of this category) and trailers that are armed or are specially designed to be used as a firing or launch platform to deliver munitions or otherwise destroy or incapacitate targets (e.g., firing lasers, launching rockets, firing missiles, firing mortars, firing artillery rounds, or firing other ammunition greater than .50 caliber) (MT if specially designed for rockets, space launch vehicles, missiles, drones, or unmanned aerial vehicles capable of delivering a payload of at least 500 kg to a range of at least 300 km).


  1. Ground vehicles and trailers equipped with any mission systems controlled under this subchapter (MT if specially designed for rockets, space launch vehicles, missiles, drones, or unmanned aerial vehicles capable of delivering a payload of at least 500 kg to a range of at least 300 km).


    NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (c): “Mission systems” are defined as “systems” (see §120.45(g) of this subchapter) that are defense articles that perform specific military functions, such as by providing military communication, target designation, surveillance, target detection, or sensor capabilities.


    NOTE TO PARAGRAPHS (b) AND (c): “Payload” is the total mass that can be carried or delivered by the specified rocket, space launch vehicle, missile, drone, or unmanned aerial vehicle that is not used to maintain flight. For definition of “range” as it pertains to aircraft systems, see note to paragraph (a) USML Category VIII. For definition of “range” as it pertains to rocket systems, see note to paragraph (f)(6) of USML Category VI.


  2. [Reserved]


*(e) Armored support vehicles capable of off-road or amphibious use specially designed to transport or deploy personnel or materiel, or to move with other vehicles over land in close support of combat vehicles or troops (e.g., personnel carriers, resupply vehicles, combat engineer vehicles, recovery vehicles, reconnaissance vehicles, bridge launching vehicles, ambulances, and command and control vehicles).


  1. [Reserved]


  2. Ground vehicle parts, components, accessories, attachments, associated equipment, and systems as follows:


    1. Armored hulls, armored turrets, and turret rings;


    2. Active protection systems (i.e., defensive systems that actively detect and track incoming threats and launch a ballistic, explosive, energy, or electromagnetic countermeasure(s) to neutralize the threat prior to contact with a vehicle) and specially designed parts and components therefor;


    3. Composite armor parts and components specially designed for the vehicles in this category;


    4. Spaced armor components and parts, including slat armor parts and components specially designed for the vehicles in this category;

    5. Reactive armor parts and components;


    6. Electromagnetic armor parts and components, including pulsed power specially designed parts and components therefor;


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPHS (g)(3)-(6): See USML Category XIII(m)(1)-(4) for interpretations which explain and amplify terms used in these paragraphs.


    7. Built in test equipment (BITE) to evaluate the condition of weapons or other mission systems for vehicles identified in this category, excluding equipment that provides diagnostics solely for a subsystem or component involved in the basic operation of the vehicle;


    8. Gun mount, stabilization, turret drive, and automatic elevating systems, and specially designed parts and components therefor;


    9. Self-launching bridge components rated class 60 or above for deployment by vehicles in this category;


    10. Suspension components as follows:


      1. Rotary shock absorbers specially designed for the vehicles weighing more than 30 tons in this category; or


      2. Torsion bars specially designed for the vehicles weighing more than 50 tons in this category;


    11. Kits specially designed to convert a vehicle in this category into either an unmanned or a driver- optional vehicle. For a kit to be controlled by this paragraph, it must, at a minimum, include equipment for:


      1. Remote or autonomous steering;


      2. Acceleration and braking; and


      3. A control system;


    12. Fire control computers, mission computers, vehicle management computers, integrated core processers, stores management systems, armaments control processors, vehicle-weapon interface units and computers;


    13. Test or calibration equipment for the mission systems of the vehicles in this category, except those enumerated elsewhere; or


      *(14) Any part, component, accessory, attachment, equipment, or system that (MT for those articles designated as such):


      1. Is classified;


      2. Contains classified software directly related to defense articles in this subchapter or 600 series items subject to the EAR; or


      3. Is being developed using classified information.

        “Classified” means classified pursuant to Executive Order 13526, or predecessor order, and a security classification guide developed pursuant thereto or equivalent, or to the corresponding classification rules of another government or international organization.


        NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (g): Parts, components, accessories, attachments, associated equipment, and systems specially designed for vehicles in this category but not listed in paragraph (g) are subject to the EAR under ECCN 0A606.


  3. Technical data (see §120.10 of this subchapter) and defense services (see §120.9 of this subchapter) directly related to the defense articles described in paragraphs (a) through (g) of this category and classified technical data directly related to items controlled in ECCNs 0A606, 0B606, 0C606, and 0D606 and defense services using the classified technical data. (See §125.4 of this subchapter for exemptions.) (MT for technical data and defense services related to articles designated as such.)


(i)-(w) [Reserved]


(x) Commodities, software, and technical data subject to the EAR (see §120.42 of this subchapter) used in or with defense articles.


NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (x): Use of this paragraph is limited to license applications for defense articles controlled in this category where the purchase documentation includes commodities, software, or technical data subject to the EAR (see §123.1(b) of this subchapter).


NOTE 1 TO CATEGORY VII: Ground vehicles specially designed for military applications that are not identified in this category are subject to the EAR under ECCN 0A606, including any unarmed ground vehicles, regardless of origin or designation, manufactured prior to 1956 and unmodified since 1955. Ground vehicles with modifications made to incorporate safety features required by law, are cosmetic (e.g., different paint, repositioning of bolt holes), or that add parts or components otherwise available prior to 1956 are considered “unmodified” for the purposes of this paragraph. ECCN 0A606 also includes unarmed vehicles derived from otherwise EAR99 civilian vehicles that have been modified or otherwise fitted with materials to provide ballistic protection, including protection to level III (National Institute of Justice Standard 0108.01, September 1985) or better and that do not have reactive or electromagnetic armor.


NOTE 2 TO CATEGORY VII: Armored ground vehicles are (i) ground vehicles that have integrated, fully armored hulls or cabs, or (ii) ground vehicles on which add-on armor has been installed to provide ballistic protection to level III (National Institute of Justice Standard 0108.01, September 1985) or better. Armored support vehicles do not include those that are merely capable of being equipped with add-on armor.


NOTE 3 TO CATEGORY VII: Ground vehicles include any vehicle meeting the definitions or control parameters regardless of the surface (e.g., highway, off-road, rail) upon which the vehicle is designed to operate.


Category VIII—Aircraft and Related Articles


(a) Aircraft, whether manned, unmanned, remotely piloted, or optionally piloted, as follows (MT if the aircraft, excluding manned aircraft, has a range equal to or greater than 300 km):


*(1) Bombers;


*(2) Fighters, fighter bombers, and fixed-wing attack aircraft;


*(3) Turbofan- or turbojet-powered trainers used to train pilots for fighter, attack, or bomber aircraft;


*(4) Attack helicopters;


*(5) Unarmed military unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) specially designed to incorporate a defense article;

  1. [Reserved]


    *(7) Aircraft specially designed to incorporate a defense article for the purpose of performing an intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance function;


    *(8) Aircraft specially designed to incorporate a defense article for the purpose of performing an electronic warfare, function; airborne warning and control aircraft; or aircraft specially designed to incorporate a defense article for the purpose of performing a command, control, and communications function;


    1. Aircraft specially designed to incorporate a defense article for the purpose of performing an air refueling function;


    2. Target drones;


    3. [Reserved]


      image

    4. Aircraft capable of being refueled in flight including hover-in-flight refueling (HIFR);


    5. [Reserved]


    6. Aircraft with a roll-on/roll-off ramp, capable of airlifting payloads over 35,000 lbs. to ranges over 2,000 nm without being refueled in-flight, and landing onto short or unimproved airfields, other than L-100 and LM-100J aircraft;


      *(15) Aircraft not enumerated in paragraphs (a)(1) through (a)(14) as follows:


      1. U.S.-origin aircraft that bear an original military designation of A, B, E, F, K, M, P, R, or S; or


      2. Foreign-origin aircraft specially designed to provide functions equivalent to those of the aircraft listed in paragraph (a)(15)(i) of this category; or


  1. Aircraft that are armed or are specially designed to be used as a platform to deliver munitions or otherwise destroy targets (e.g., firing lasers, launching rockets, firing missiles, dropping bombs, or strafing);


    NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (a): Aircraft specially designed for military applications that are not identified in paragraph

    1. of this section are subject to the EAR and classified as ECCN 9A610, including any model of unarmed military aircraft manufactured prior to 1956, regardless of origin or designation, manufactured prior to 1956 and unmodified since manufacture. Aircraft with modifications made to incorporate safety of flight features or other FAA or NTSB modifications such as transponders and air data recorders are considered “unmodified” for the purposes of this paragraph.


NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (a): “Range” is the maximum distance that the specified aircraft system is capable of traveling in the mode of stable flight as measured by the projection of its trajectory over the surface of the Earth. The maximum capability based on the design characteristics of the system, when fully loaded with fuel or propellant, will be taken into consideration in determining range. The range for aircraft systems will be determined independently of any external factors such as operational restrictions, limitations imposed by telemetry, data links, or other external constraints. For aircraft systems, the range will be determined for a one- way distance using the most fuel-efficient flight profile (e.g., cruise speed and altitude), assuming International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) standard atmosphere with zero wind, but with no fuel reserve.


(b)-(c) [Reserved]


  1. Launching and recovery equipment specially designed to allow an aircraft described in paragraph (a) of this category to take off or land on a vessel described in Category VI paragraphs (a) through (c)

    (MT if the launching and recovery equipment is for an aircraft, excluding manned aircraft, that has a range equal to or greater than 300 km).


    NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (d): For the definition of “range,” see note to paragraph (a) of this category.


  2. [Reserved]


  3. Developmental aircraft funded by the Department of Defense via contract or other funding authorization, and specially designed parts, components, accessories, and attachments therefor.


    NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (f): This paragraph does not control aircraft and specially designed parts, components, accessories, and attachments therefor (a) in production; (b) determined to be subject to the EAR via a commodity jurisdiction determination (see§120.4 of this subchapter), or (c) identified in the relevant Department of Defense contract or other funding authorization as being developed for both civil and military applications.


    NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (f): Note 1 does not apply to defense articles enumerated on the U.S. Munitions List, whether in production or development.


    NOTE 3 TO PARAGRAPH (f): This paragraph is applicable only to those contracts, or other funding authorizations, or modifications initiating development of a new defense article that are dated April 16, 2014, or later.


  4. [Reserved]


  5. Aircraft parts, components, accessories, attachments, associated equipment and systems, as follows:


    1. Parts, components, accessories, attachments, and equipment specially designed for the following U.S.-origin aircraft: the B-1B, B-2, B-21, F-15SE, F/A-18 E/F, EA-18G, F-22, F-35 and future variants thereof; or the F-117 or U.S. Government technology demonstrators. Parts, components, accessories, attachments, and equipment of the F-15SE and F/A-18 E/F/G that are common to earlier models of these aircraft, unless listed in paragraph (h) of this category, are subject to the EAR;


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (h)(1): This paragraph does not control parts, components, accessories, and attachments that are common to aircraft described in paragraph (a) of this category but not identified in paragraph (h)(1), and those identified in paragraph (h)(1). For example, when applying § 120.41(b)(3), a part common to only the F-16 and F-35 is not specially designed for purposes of this paragraph. A part common to only the F-22 and F-35—two aircraft models identified in paragraph (h)(1)—is specially designed for purposes of this paragraph, unless one of the other paragraphs is applicable under §120.41(b) of this subchapter.


    2. Rotorcraft gearboxes with internal pitch line velocities exceeding 20,000 feet per minute and able to operate 30 minutes with loss of lubrication without an emergency or auxiliary lubrication system, and specially designed parts and components therefor;


      Note to paragraph (h)(2): Loss of lubrication means a situation where oil/lubrication is mostly or completely lost from a transmission/gearbox such that only a residual coating remains due to the lubrication system failure.


    3. Tail boom folding systems, stabilator folding systems or automatic rotor blade folding systems, and specially designed parts and components therefor;


    4. Wing folding systems, and specially designed parts and components therefor, for:


      1. Aircraft powered by power plants controlled under USML Category IV(d); or,

      2. Aircraft with any of the following characteristics and powered by gas turbine engines:


        1. The portion of the wing outboard of the wing fold is required for sustained flight;


        2. Fuel can be stored outboard of the wing fold;


        3. Control surfaces are outboard of the wing fold;


        4. Hard points are outboard of the wing fold;


        5. Hard points inboard of the wing fold allow for in-flight ejection; or


        6. The aircraft is designed to withstand maximum vertical maneuvering accelerations greater than +3.5g/−1.5g.


    5. On-aircraft arresting gear (e.g., tail hooks and drag chutes) and specially designed parts and components therefor;


    6. Bomb racks, missile or rocket launchers, missile rails, weapon pylons, pylon-to-launcher adapters, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) airborne launching systems, external stores support systems for ordnance or weapons, and specially designed parts and components therefor (MT if the bomb rack, missile launcher, missile rail, weapon pylon, pylon-to-launcher adapter, UAV airborne launching system, or external stores support system is for an aircraft, excluding manned aircraft, or missile that has a “range” equal to or greater than 300 km);


    7. Damage or failure-adaptive flight control systems, that do not consist solely of redundant internal circuitry, specially designed for aircraft controlled in this category;


    8. Threat-adaptive autonomous flight control systems, where a “threat-adaptive autonomous flight control system” is a flight control system that, without input from the operator or pilot, adjusts the aircraft control or flight path to minimize risk caused by hostile threats;


    9. Non-surface-based flight control systems and effectors (e.g., thrust vectoring from gas ports other than main engine thrust vector);


    10. Radar altimeters with output power management LPI (low probability of intercept) or signal modulation (i.e., frequency hopping, chirping, direct sequence-spectrum spreading) LPI (low probability of intercept) capabilities (MT if for an aircraft, excluding manned aircraft, or missile that has a “range” equal to or greater than 300 km);


    11. Air-to-air refueling systems and hover-in-flight refueling (HIFR) systems, and specially designed parts and components therefor;


    12. Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) flight control systems and vehicle management systems with swarming capability (i.e.,UAVs interact with each other to avoid collisions and stay together, or, if weaponized, coordinate targeting) (MT if for a UAV, drone or missile that has a “range” equal to or greater than 300 km);


    13. [Reserved]


    14. Lift fans, clutches, and roll posts for short take-off, vertical landing (STOVL) aircraft and specially designed parts and components for such lift fans and roll posts;


    15. Integrated helmets incorporating optical sights or slewing devices, which include the ability to aim, launch, track, or manage munitions (e.g., Helmet Mounted Cueing Systems, Joint Helmet

      Mounted Cueing Systems (JHMCS), Helmet Mounted Displays, Display and Sight Helmets (DASH)), and specially designed parts, components, accessories, and attachments therefor;


    16. Fire control computers, stores management systems, armaments control processors, aircraft- weapon interface units and computers (e.g., AGM-88 HARM Aircraft Launcher Interface Computer (ALIC));


    17. Mission computers, vehicle management computers, and integrated core processers specially designed for aircraft controlled in this category;


    18. Drive systems and flight control systems, and parts and components therefor, specially designed to function after impact of a 7.62mm or larger projectile;


    19. Thrust reversers specially designed to be deployed in flight for aircraft controlled in this category;


      *(20) Any part, component, accessory, attachment, equipment, or system that:


      1. is classified;


      2. contains classified software directly related to defense articles in this subchapter or 600 series items subject to the EAR; or


      3. is being developed using classified information.


        NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (d): “Classified” means classified pursuant to Executive Order 13526, or predecessor order, and a security classification guide developed pursuant thereto or equivalent, or to the corresponding classification rules of another government or international organization;


        (21)-(26) [Reserved]


        1. Variable speed gearboxes, where a “variable speed gearbox” has the ability to vary the gearbox output speed by mechanical means within the gearbox while the gearbox input speed from the engine or other source is constant, and is capable of varying output speed by 20% or greater and providing power to rotors, proprotors, propellers, propfans, or liftfans; and specially designed parts and components therefor;


        2. Electrical power or thermal management systems specially designed for an engine controlled in Category XIX and having any of the following:


          1. Electrical power generators that provide greater than 300kW of electrical power (per generator) with gravimetric power densities exceeding 2kW/pound (excluding the mass of the controller for the purpose of calculating the gravimetric power density);


          2. Heat exchangers that exchange 60 kW/K-m3 or 1 kW/K of heat or greater into the gas turbine engine flow path; or


          3. Direct-cooling thermal electronic package heat exchangers that transfer 20kW of heat or greater at 100W/cm2 or greater.


        3. Any of the following equipment if specially designed for a defense article described in paragraph (h)(1):


          1. Scale test models;

        1. Full scale iron bird ground rigs used to test major aircraft systems; or


        2. Jigs, locating fixtures, templates, gauges, molds, dies, or caul plates.


        (i) Technical data (see §120.10 of this subchapter) and defense services (see §120.9 of this subchapter) directly related to the defense articles described in paragraphs (a) through (h) of this category and classified technical data directly related to items controlled in ECCNs 9A610, 9B610, 9C610, and 9D610 and defense services using classified technical data. (See §125.4 of this subchapter for exemptions.) (MT for technical data and defense services related to articles designated as such.)


        (j)-(w) [Reserved]


        (x) Commodities, software, and technology subject to the EAR (see §120.42 of this subchapter) used in or with defense articles controlled in this category.


        NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (x): Use of this paragraph is limited to license applications for defense articles controlled in this category where the purchase documentation includes commodities, software, or technology subject to the EAR (see §123.1(b) of this subchapter).


        NOTE: Parts, components, accessories, and attachments in paragraphs (h)(3)-(5), (7), (13), (14), (17), or (19) are licensed by the Department of Commerce when incorporated in an aircraft subject to the EAR and classified under ECCN 9A610. Replacement systems, parts, components, accessories and attachments are subject to the controls of the ITAR.


        Category IX—Military Training Equipment and Training


        1. Training equipment, as follows:


          1. Ground, surface, submersible, space, or towed airborne targets that:


            1. Have an infrared, radar, acoustic, magnetic, or thermal signature that mimic a specific defense article, specific other item, or specific person; or


            2. Are instrumented to provide hit/miss performance information for defense articles controlled in this subchapter;


              NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (a)(1): Target drones are controlled in USML Category VIII(a).


          2. Devices that are mockups of articles enumerated in this subchapter used for maintenance training or disposal training for ordnance enumerated in this subchapter, that reveal technical data or contain parts, components, accessories, or attachments controlled in this subchapter;


          3. Air combat maneuvering instrumentation and ground stations therefor;


          4. Physiological flight trainers for fighter aircraft or attack helicopters;


          5. Radar trainers specially designed for training on radar controlled by USML Category XI;


          6. Training devices specially designed to be attached to a crew station, mission system, or weapon of an article controlled in this subchapter;


            NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (a)(6): This paragraph includes stimulators that are built-in or add-on devices that cause the actual equipment to act as a trainer.


          7. Anti-submarine warfare trainers;

        1. Missile launch trainers;


        2. Radar target generators;


        3. Infrared scene generators; or


          *(11) Any training device that:


          1. Is classified;


          2. Contains classified software directly related to defense articles in this subchapter or 600 series items subject to the EAR; or


          3. Is being developed using classified information.


        NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (a)(11): “Classified” means classified pursuant to Executive Order 13526, or predecessor order, and a security classification guide developed pursuant thereto or equivalent, or to the corresponding classification rules of another government or international organization.


        NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (a): Training equipment does not include combat games without item signatures or tactics, techniques, and procedures covered by this subchapter.


        1. Simulators, as follows:


          1. System specific simulators that replicate the operation of an individual crew station, a mission system, or a weapon of an end-item that is controlled in this subchapter;


        (2)-(3) [Reserved]


        1. Software and associated databases not elsewhere enumerated in this subchapter that can be used to model or simulate the following:


          1. Trainers enumerated in paragraph (a) of this category;


          2. Battle management;


          3. Military test scenarios/models; or


          4. Effects of weapons enumerated in this subchapter; or


        *(5) Simulators that:


        1. Are classified;


        2. Contain classified software directly related to defense articles in this subchapter or 600 series items subject to the EAR; or


        3. Are being developed using classified information.


        NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (b)(5): “Classified” means classified pursuant to Executive Order 13526, or predecessor order, and a security classification guide developed pursuant thereto or equivalent, or to the corresponding classification rules of another government or international organization.


        (c)-(d) [Reserved]

        1. Technical data (see §120.10 of this subchapter) and defense services (see §120.9 of this subchapter):


          1. Directly related to the defense articles enumerated in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this category;


          2. Directly related to the software and associated databases enumerated in paragraph (b)(4) of this category even if no defense articles are used or transferred; or


          3. Military training (see, §120.9(a)(3) of this subchapter) not directly related to defense articles or technical data enumerated in this subchapter.


        (f)-(w) [Reserved]


  6. Commodities, software, and technical data subject to the EAR (see §120.42 of this subchapter) used in or with defense articles.


NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (x): Use of this paragraph is limited to license applications for defense articles controlled in this category where the purchase documentation includes commodities, software, or technical data subject to the EAR (see §123.1(b) of this subchapter).


NOTE TO USML CATEGORY IX: Parts, components, accessories, or attachments of a simulator in this category that are common to the simulated system or simulated end-item are controlled under the same USML category or CCL ECCN as the parts, components, accessories, and attachments of the simulated system or simulated end-item.


Category X—Personal Protective Equipment


  1. Personal protective equipment, as follows:


    1. Body armor providing a protection level equal to or greater than NIJ Type IV;


      NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (a)(1): For body armor providing a level of protection of Type I, Type II, Type IIA, Type IIIA, or Type III, see ECCNs 1A005 and 1A613.


      NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (a)(1): See USML Category XIII(e) for controls on related materials.


    2. Personal protective clothing, equipment, or face paints specially designed to protect against or reduce detection by radar, IR, or other sensors at wavelengths greater than 900 nanometers;


NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (a)(2): See USML Category XIII(j) for controls on related materials.


(3)-(4) [Reserved]


  1. Integrated helmets, not specified in USML Category VIII(h)(15) or USML Category XII, incorporating optical sights or slewing devices, which include the ability to aim, launch, track, or manage munitions;


  2. Helmets and helmet shells providing a protection level equal to or greater than NIJ Type IV;


  3. Goggles, spectacles, visors, vision blocks, canopies, or filters for optical sights or viewers, employing other than common broadband absorptive dyes or UV inhibitors as a means of protection (e.g., narrow band filters/dyes or broadband limiters/coatings with high visible transparency), having an optical density greater than 3, and that protect against:


    1. Multiple visible (in-band) laser wavelengths;

    2. Thermal flashes associated with nuclear detonations; or


    3. Near infrared or ultraviolet (out-of-band) laser wavelengths; or


      NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (a)(7): See paragraphs (d)(2) and (3) of this category for controls on related parts, components, and materials.

      NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (a)(7): See USML Category XII for sensor protection equipment.


  4. Developmental personal protective equipment and specially designed parts, components, accessories, and attachments therefor, developed for the U.S. Department of Defense via contract or other funding authorization.


NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (a)(8): This paragraph does not control personal protective equipment and specially designed parts, components, accessories, and attachments (a) in production, (b) determined to be subject to the EAR via a commodity jurisdiction determination (see §120.4 of this subchapter), or (c) identified in the relevant Department of Defense contract or other funding authorization as being developed for both civil and military applications.

NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (a)(8): Note 1 does not apply to defense articles enumerated on the USML, whether in production or development.

NOTE 3 TO PARAGRAPH (a)(8): This paragraph is applicable only to those contracts and funding authorizations that are dated January 5, 2015, or later.


(b)-(c) [Reserved]


  1. Parts, components, assemblies, accessories, attachments, and associated equipment for the personal protective equipment controlled in this category, as follows:


    1. Ceramic or composite plates that provide protection equal to or greater than NIJ Type IV;


    2. Lenses, substrates, or filters “specially designed” for the articles covered in paragraph (a)(7) of this category;


    3. Materials and coatings specially designed for the articles covered in paragraph (a)(7) of this category with optical density greater than 3, as follows:


      1. Narrowband absorbing dyes;


      2. Broadband optical switches or limiters (i.e., nonlinear material, tunable or switchable agile filters, optical power limiters, near infrared interference based filters); or


      3. Narrowband interference based notch filters (i.e., multi-layer dielectric coatings, rugate, holograms or hybrid (i.e., interference with dye)) protecting against multiple laser wavelength and having high visible band transparency; or


        *(4) Any component, part, accessory, attachment, equipment, or system that:


        1. Is classified;


        2. Contains classified software directly related to defense articles in this subchapter or 600 series items subject to the EAR; or


        3. Is being developed using classified information.

        NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (d)(4): “Classified” means classified pursuant to Executive Order 13526, or predecessor order, and a security classification guide developed pursuant thereto or equivalent, or to the corresponding classification rules of another government or international government.


        NOTE TO PARAGRAPHS (a) AND (d): See National Institute of Justice Classification, NIJ Standard-0101.06, or national equivalents, for a description of level of protection for armor.


  2. Technical data (see §120.10 of this subchapter) and defense services (see §120.9 of this subchapter) directly related to the defense articles described in paragraphs (a) through (d) of this category.


(f)-(w) [Reserved]


(x) Commodities, software, and technical data subject to the EAR (see §120.42 of this subchapter) used in or with defense articles.


NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (x): Use of this paragraph is limited to license applications for defense articles controlled in this category where the purchase documentation includes commodities, software, or technical data subject to the EAR (see §123.1(b) of this subchapter).


Category XI—Military Electronics


  1. Electronic equipment and systems not included in Category XII of the U.S. Munitions List, as follows:


    *(1) Underwater hardware, equipment, or systems, as follows:


    1. Active or passive acoustic array sensing systems or acoustic array equipment capable of real-time processing that survey or detect, and also track, localize (i.e., determine range and bearing), classify, or identify, surface vessels, submarines, other undersea vehicles, torpedoes, or mines, having any of the following:


      1. Multi-static capability;


      2. Operating frequency less than 20 kHz; or


      3. Operating bandwidth greater than 10 kHz;


    2. Underwater single acoustic sensor system that distinguishes non-biologic tonals and locates the origin of the sound;


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPH(A)(1)(II): The term tonals implies discrete frequencies in the broadband and narrowband spectra, emanating from man-made objects.


    3. Non-acoustic systems that survey or detect, and also track, localize (i.e., determine range and bearing), classify, or identify, surface vessels, submarines, other undersea vehicles, torpedoes, or mines;


    4. Acoustic modems, networks, and communications equipment with real-time adaptive compensation or employing Low Probability of Intercept (LPI);


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (A)(1)(IV): Adaptive compensation is the capability of an underwater modem to assess the water conditions to select the best algorithm to receive and transmit data.


    5. Low Frequency/Very Low Frequency (LF/VLF) electronic modems, routers, interfaces, and communications equipment, specially designed for submarine communications; or

    6. Autonomous systems and equipment that enable cooperative sensing and engagement by fixed (bottom mounted/seabed) or mobile Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs);


*(2) Underwater acoustic countermeasures or counter-countermeasures systems or equipment;


*(3) Radar systems and equipment, as follows:


  1. Airborne radar that maintains positional state of an object or objects of interest, other than weather phenomena, in a received radar signal through time;


  2. Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) incorporating image resolution less than (better than)

    0.3 m, or incorporating Coherent Change Detection (CCD) with geo-registration accuracy less than (better than) 0.3 m, not including concealed object detection equipment operating in the frequency range from 30 GHz to 3,000 GHz and having a spatial resolution of

      1. milliradians up to and including 1 milliradians at a standoff distance of 100 m;


  3. Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar (ISAR);


  4. Radar that geodetically-locates (i.e., geodetic latitude, geodetic longitude, and geodetic height) with a target location error 50 (TLE50) less than or equal to 10 m at ranges greater than 1 km;


  5. Any Ocean Surveillance Radar with an average-power-aperture product of greater than 50 Wm2;


  6. Any ocean surveillance radar that transmits a waveform with an instantaneous bandwidth greater than 100 MHz and has an antenna rotation rate greater than 60 revolutions per minute (RPM);


  7. Air surveillance radar with free space detection of 1 square meter RCS target at 85 nmi or greater range, scaled to RCS values as RCS to the 1⁄4 power;


  8. Air surveillance radar with free space detection of 1 square meter RCS target at an altitude of 65,000 feet and an elevation angle greater than 20 degrees (i.e., counter-battery);


  9. Air surveillance radar with multiple elevation beams, phase or amplitude monopulse estimation, or 3D height-finding;


  10. Air surveillance radar with a beam solid angle less than or equal to 16 degrees2 that performs free space tracking of 1 square meter RCS target at a range greater or equal to 25 nmi with revisit rate greater or equal to 1⁄3 Hz;


  11. Instrumentation radar for anechoic test facility or outdoor range that maintains positional state of an object of interest in a received radar signal through time or provides measurement of RCS of a static target less than or equal to minus 10dBsm, or RCS of a dynamic target;


  12. Radar incorporating pulsed operation with electronics steering of transmit beam in elevation and azimuth;


    NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (a)(3)(xii): This paragraph does not control radars not otherwise controlled in this subchapter, operating with a peak transmit power less than or equal to 250 watts, and employing a design determined to be subject to the EAR via a commodity jurisdiction determination (see § 120.4 of this subchapter).

  13. Radar with mode(s) for ballistic tracking or ballistic extrapolation to source of launch or impact point of articles controlled in USML Categories III, IV, or XV;


  14. Active protection radar and missile warning radar with mode(s) implemented for detection of incoming munitions;


  15. Over the horizon high frequency sky-wave (ionosphere) radar;


  16. Radar that detects a moving object through a physical obstruction at distance greater than

      1. m from the obstruction;


  17. Radar having moving target indicator (MTI) or pulse-Doppler processing where any single Doppler filter provides a normalized clutter attenuation of greater than 60dB;


    NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (a)(3)(xvii): Normalized clutter attenuation is defined as the reduction in the power level of received distributed clutter when normalized to the thermal noise level.


  18. Radar having electronic protection or electronic counter-countermeasures (ECCM) other than manual gain control, automatic gain control, radio frequency selection, constant false alarm rate, and pulse repetition interval jitter;


  19. Radar employing electronic attack (EA) mode(s) using the radar transmitter and antenna;


  20. Radar employing electronic support (ES) mode(s) (i.e., the ability to use a radar system for ES purposes in one or more of the following: as a high-gain receiver, as a wide-bandwidth receiver, as a multi-beam receiver, or as part of a multi-point system);


  21. Radar employing non-cooperative target recognition (NCTR) (i.e., the ability to recognize a specific platform type without cooperative action of the target platform);


    NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (a)(3)(xxi): The definition of “type” in this paragraph is that provided in 14 CFR § 1.1.


  22. Radar employing automatic target recognition (ATR) (i.e., recognition of target using structural features (e.g., tank versus car) of the target with system resolution better than (less than) 0.3 m);


  23. Radar that sends interceptor guidance commands or provides illumination keyed to an interceptor seeker;


  24. Radar employing waveform generation for LPI other than frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) with linear ramp modulation;


  25. Radar that sends and receives communications;


  26. Radar that tracks or discriminates ballistic missile warhead from debris or countermeasures;


  27. Bi-static/multi-static radar that exploits greater than 125 kHz bandwidth and is lower than 2 GHz center frequency to passively detect or track using radio frequency (RF) transmissions (e.g., commercial radio, television stations);


  28. Radar target generators, projectors, or simulators, specially designed for radars controlled by this category; or

  29. Radar and laser radar systems specially designed for defense articles in paragraph (a)(1) of USML Category IV or paragraphs (a)(5), (a)(6), or (a)(13) of USML Category VIII (MT if specially designed for rockets, space launch vehicles, missiles, drones, or unmanned aerial vehicles capable of delivering a payload of at least 500 kg to a range of at least 300 km);


    NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (a)(3)(xxix): Laser radar systems embody specialized transmission, scanning, receiving, and signal processing techniques for utilization of lasers for echo ranging, direction finding, and discrimination of targets by location, radial speed, and body reflection characteristics.


    NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (a)(3)(xxix): For definition of “range” as it pertains to rocket systems, see note 1 to paragraph (a) of USML Category IV. “Payload” is the total mass that can be carried or delivered by the specified rocket, SLV, or missile that is not used to maintain flight.


    NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (a)(3): This paragraph does not control: (a) Systems or equipment that require aircraft transponders in order to meet control parameters; (b) precision approach radar (PAR) equipment conforming to ICAO standards and employing electronically steerable linear (1-dimensional) arrays or mechanically positioned passive antennas; and (c) radio altimeter equipment conforming to FAA TSO C87.


    *(4) Electronic Combat (i.e., Electronic Warfare) systems and equipment, as follows:


    1. ES systems and equipment that search for, intercept and identify, or locate sources of intentional or unintentional electromagnetic energy specially designed to provide immediate threat detection, recognition, targeting, planning, or conduct of future operations;


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (a)(4)(i): ES provides tactical situational awareness, automatic cueing, targeting, electronic order of battle planning, electronic intelligence (ELINT), communication intelligence (COMINT), or signals intelligence (SIGINT).


    2. Systems and equipment that detect and automatically discriminate acoustic energy emanating from weapons fire (e.g., gunfire, artillery, rocket propelled grenades, or other projectiles), determining location or direction of weapons fire in less than two seconds from receipt of event signal, and able to operate on-the-move (e.g., operating on personnel, land vehicles, sea vessels, or aircraft while in motion); or


    3. Systems and equipment specially designed to introduce extraneous or erroneous signals into radar, infrared based seekers, electro-optic based seekers, radio communication receivers, navigation receivers, or that otherwise hinder the reception, operation, or effectiveness of adversary electronics (e.g., active or passive electronic attack, electronic countermeasure, electronic counter-countermeasure equipment, jamming, and counter jamming equipment);


*(5) Command, control, and communications (C3); command, control, communications, and computers (C4); command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (C4ISR); and identification systems or equipment, that:


  1. Are specially designed to integrate, incorporate, network, or employ defense articles that are controlled in paragraphs or subparagraphs of the categories of § 121.1 of this part that do not use the term specially designed;


  2. Incorporate U.S. government identification friend or foe (IFF) Modes 4 or 5;


  3. Implement active or passive ECCM used to counter acts of communication disruption (e.g., radios that incorporate HAVE QUICK I/II, SINCGARS, SATURN);


  4. Specially designed, rated, certified, or otherwise specified or described to be in compliance with U.S. government NSTISSAM TEMPEST 1-92 standards or CNSSAM TEMPEST

    01-02, to implement techniques to suppress compromising emanations of information bearing signals; or


  5. Transmit voice or data signals specially designed to elude electromagnetic detection;


  1. [Reserved]


  2. Developmental electronic equipment or systems funded by the Department of Defense via contract or other funding authorization;


    NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (a)(7): This paragraph does not control electronic systems or equipment (a) in production, (b) determined to be subject to the EAR via a commodity jurisdiction determination (see § 120.4 of this subchapter), or (c) identified in the relevant Department of Defense contract or other funding authorization as being developed for both civil and military applications.


    NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (a)(7): Note 1 does not apply to defense articles enumerated on the USML, whether in production or development.


    NOTE 3 TO PARAGRAPH (a)(7): This paragraph is applicable only to those contracts and funding authorizations that are dated July 1, 2015, or later.


  3. Unattended ground sensor (UGS) systems or equipment having all of the following:


    1. Automatic target detection;


    2. Automatic target tracking, classification, recognition, or identification;


    3. Self-forming or self-healing networks; and


    4. Self-localization for geo-locating targets;


  4. Electronic sensor systems or equipment for non-acoustic antisubmarine warfare (ASW) or mine warfare (e.g., magnetic anomaly detectors (MAD), electric-field, electromagnetic induction);


  5. Electronic sensor systems or equipment for detection of concealed weapons, having a standoff detection range of greater than 45 m for personnel or detection of vehicle-carried weapons, not including concealed object detection equipment operating in the frequency range from 30 GHz to 3,000 GHz and having a spatial resolution of 0.1 milliradians up to and including 1 milliradians at a standoff distance of 100 m;


  6. Test sets specially designed for testing defense articles controlled in paragraphs (a)(3), (a)(4), (a)(5), or (b); or


  7. Direction finding equipment for determining bearings to specific electromagnetic sources or terrain characteristics specially designed for defense articles in paragraph (a)(1) of USML Category IV or paragraphs (a)(5), (a)(6), or (a)(13) of USML Category VIII (MT if specially designed for rockets, SLVs, missiles, drones, or UAVs capable of delivering a payload of at least 500 kg to a range of at least 300 km. See note 2 to paragraph (a)(3)(xxix) of this category).


NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (a): The term Low Probability of Intercept used in this paragraph and elsewhere in this category is defined as a class of measures that disguise, delay, or prevent the interception of acoustic or electromagnetic signals. LPI techniques can involve permutations of power management, energy management, frequency variability, out-of-receiver-frequency band, low-side lobe antenna, complex waveforms, and complex scanning. LPI is also referred to as Low Probability of Intercept, Low Probability of Detection, and Low Probability of Identification.

NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (a): Paragraphs (a)(3)(xxix) and (a)(12) include terrain contour mapping equipment, scene mapping and correlation (both digital and analogue) equipment, Doppler navigation radar equipment, passive interferometer equipment, and imaging sensor equipment (both active and passive).


*(b) Electronic systems, equipment or software not elsewhere enumerated in this sub-chapter, specially designed for intelligence purposes that collect, survey, monitor, or exploit, or analyze and produce information from, the electromagnetic spectrum (regardless of transmission medium), or for counteracting such activities.


  1. Parts, components, accessories, attachments, and associated equipment, as follows:


    1. Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs) and Programmable Logic Devices (PLD) programmed for defense articles in this subchapter;


      NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (C)(1): An ASIC is an integrated circuit developed and produced for a specific application or function regardless of number of customers.


      NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (C)(1): ASICs and PLDs programmed for 600 series items are controlled in ECCN 3A611.f.


      NOTE 3 TO PARAGRAPH (C)(1): Unprogrammed PLDs are not controlled by this paragraph.


    2. Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) and populated circuit card assemblies for which the layout is specially designed for defense articles in this subchapter; Note to paragraph (c)(2): PCBs and populated circuit card assemblies for which the layout is specially designed for 600 series items are controlled in ECCN 3A611.g.


    3. Multichip modules for which the pattern or layout is specially designed for defense articles in this subchapter;


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (C)(3): Multichip modules for which the pattern or layout is specially designed for 600 series items are controlled in ECCN 3A611.h.


    4. Transmit/receive modules or transmit modules that have any two perpendicular sides, with either length d (in cm) equal to or less than 15 divided by the lowest operating frequency in GHz [d≤15cm*GHz/fGHz], with an electronically variable phase shifter or phasers that are a Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuit (MMIC), or incorporate a MMIC or discrete RF power transistor;


    5. High-energy storage capacitors with a repetition rate of 6 discharges or more per minute and full energy life greater than or equal to 10,000 discharges, at greater than 0.2 Amps per Joule peak current, that have any of the following:


      1. Volumetric energy density greater than or equal to 1.5 J/cc; or


      2. Mass energy density greater than or equal to 1.3 kJ/kg;


    6. Radio frequency circulators of any dimension equal to or less than one quarter (1⁄4) wavelength of the highest operating frequency and isolation greater than 30 dB;


    7. Polarimeter that detects and measures polarization of radio frequency signals within a single pulse;


    8. Digital radio frequency memory (DRFM) with RF instantaneous input bandwidth greater than 400 MHz, and 4 bit or higher resolution whose output signal is a translation of the input signal

      (e.g., changes in magnitude, time, frequency) and specially designed parts and components therefor;


    9. Vacuum electronic devices, as follows:


      1. Multiple electron beam or sheet electron beam devices rated for operation at frequencies of 16 GHz or above, and with a saturated power output greater than 10,000 W (70 dBm) or a maximum average power output greater than 3,000 W (65 dBm); or


      2. Cross-field amplifiers with a gain of 15 dB to 17 dB or a duty factor greater than 5%;


    10. Antenna, and specially designed parts and components therefor, that:


      1. Employ four or more elements, electronically steer angular beams, independently steer angular nulls, create angular nulls with a null depth greater than 20 dB, and achieve a beam switching speed faster than 50 milliseconds;


      2. Form adaptive null attenuation greater than 35 dB with convergence time less than one second;


      3. Detect signals across multiple RF bands with matched left hand and right hand spiral antenna elements for determination of signal polarization; or


      4. Determine signal angle of arrival less than two degrees (e.g., interferometer antenna);


        NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (C)(10): This category does not control Traffic Collision Avoidance Systems (TCAS) equipment conforming to FAA TSO C-119c.


    11. Radomes or electromagnetic antenna windows that:


      1. Incorporate radio frequency selective surfaces;


      2. Operate in multiple non-adjacent frequency bands for radar applications;


      3. Incorporate a structure that is specially designed to provide ballistic protection from bullets, shrapnel, or blast;


      4. Have a melting point greater than 1,300° C and maintain a dielectric constant less than 6 at temperatures greater than 500° C;


      5. Are manufactured from ceramic materials with a dielectric constant less than 6 at any frequency from 100 MHz to 100 GHz (MT if usable in rockets, SLVs, or missiles capable of achieving a range greater than or equal to 300 km; or if usable in drones or UAVs capable of delivering a payload of at least 500 kg to a range of at least 300 km. See note 2 to paragraph (a)(3)(xxix) of this category);


      6. Maintain structural integrity at stagnation pressures greater than 6,000 pounds per square foot; or


      7. Withstand combined thermal shock greater than 4.184 × 106 J/m2 accompanied by a peak overpressure of greater than 50 kPa (MT if usable in rockets, SLVs, missiles, drones, or UAVs capable of delivering a payload of at least 500 kg to a range of at least 300 km and usable in protecting against nuclear effects (e.g., Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP), X-rays, combined blast and thermal effects). See note 2 to paragraph (a)(3)(xxix) of this category);

    12. Underwater sensors (acoustic vector sensors, hydrophones, or transducers) or projectors, specially designed for systems controlled by paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this category, having any of the following:


      1. A transmitting frequency below 10 kHz for sonar systems;


      2. Sound pressure level exceeding 224 dB (reference 1 mPa at 1 m) for equipment with an operating frequency in the band from 10 kHz to 24 kHz inclusive;


      3. Sound pressure level exceeding 235 dB (reference 1 mPa at 1 m) for equipment with an operating frequency in the band between 24 kHz and 30 kHz;


      4. Forming beams of less than 1° on any axis and having an operating frequency of less than 100 kHz;


      5. Designed to operate with an unambiguous display range exceeding 5,120 m; or


      6. Designed to withstand pressure during normal operation at depths exceeding 1,000 m and having transducers with any of the following:


        1. Dynamic compensation for pressure; or


        2. Incorporating other than lead zirconate titanate as the transduction element;


    13. Parts or components containing piezoelectric materials which are specially designed for underwater hardware, equipment, or systems controlled by paragraph (c)(12) of this category;


    14. Tuners specially designed for systems and equipment in paragraphs (a)(4) and (b) of this category;


    15. Electronic assemblies and components, capable of operation at temperatures in excess of 125° C and specially designed for UAVs or drones controlled by USML Category VIII, rockets, space launch vehicles (SLV), or missiles controlled by USML Category IV capable of achieving a range greater than or equal to 300 km (MT) (see Note 2 to paragraph (a)(3)(xxix) of this category);


    16. Hybrid (combined analogue/ digital) computers specially designed for modeling, simulation, or design integration of systems enumerated in paragraphs (a)(1), (d)(1), (d)(2), (h)(1), (h)(2), (h)(4), (h)(8), and (h)(9) of USML Category IV or paragraphs (a)(5), (a)(6), or (a)(13) of USML Category VIII (MT if for rockets, SLVs, missiles, drones, or UAVs capable of delivering a payload of at least 500 kg to a range of at least 300 km or their subsystems. See Note 2 to paragraph (a)(3)(xxix) of this category);


    17. Chaff and flare rounds specially designed for the systems and equipment described in paragraph (a)(4)(iii) of this category, and parts and components therefor containing materials controlled in USML Category V;


    18. Parts, components, or accessories specially designed for an information assurance/information security system or radio controlled in this subchapter that modify its published properties (e.g., frequency range, algorithms, waveforms, CODECs, or modulation/demodulation schemes); or


      *(19) Any part, component, accessory, attachment, equipment, or system that (MT for those articles designated as such):


      1. Is classified;

      2. Contains classified software directly related to defense articles in this subchapter or 600 series items subject to the EAR; or


      3. Is being developed using classified information (see § 120.10(a)(2) of this subchapter).


        NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (C)(19): “Classified” means classified pursuant to Executive Order 13526, or predecessor order, and a security classification guide developed pursuant thereto or equivalent, or to the corresponding classification rules of another government or international organization.


        NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (C)(19)(II): Parts and components controlled by this paragraph are limited to those that store, process, or transmit classified software (see § 121.8(f) of this subchapter).


  2. Technical data (see § 120.10 of this subchapter) and defense services (see § 120.9 of this subchapter) directly related to the defense articles described in paragraphs (a) through (c) of this category and classified technical data directly related to items controlled in CCL ECCNs 3A611, 3B611, 3C611, and 3D611 and defense services using the classified technical data. (See § 125.4 of this subchapter for exemptions.) (MT for technical data and defense services related to articles designated as such.)


(e)–(w) [Reserved];


(x) Commodities, software, and technology subject to the EAR (see § 120.42 of this subchapter) used in or with defense articles.


NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (X): Use of this paragraph is limited to license applications for defense articles controlled in this category where the purchase documentation includes commodities, software, or technology subject to the EAR (see § 123.1(b) of this subchapter).


Category XII—Fire Control, Laser, Imaging, and Guidance Equipment


*(a) Fire control, aiming, detection, guidance, and tracking systems, as follows:


*(1) Fire control systems;


*(2) Electronic or optical weapon positioning, laying, or spotting systems;


*(3) Laser spot trackers or laser spot detection, location, or imaging systems, with an operational wavelength shorter than 400 nm or longer than 710 nm and that are for laser target designators or coded target markers controlled in paragraph (b)(1);


NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (a)(3): For controls on LIDAR, see paragraph (b)(6) of this category.


*(4) Bomb sights or bombing computers;


*(5) Electro-optical systems that automatically detect and locate ordnance launch, blast, or fire;


*(6) Electro-optical ordnance guidance systems;


*(7) Missile or ordnance electro-optical tracking systems;


*(8) Remote wind-sensing systems specially designed for ballistic-corrected aiming; or

  1. Helmet mounted display (HMD) systems or end items (e.g., Combat Vehicle Crew HMD, Mounted Warrior HMD, Integrated Helmet Assembly Subsystem, Drivers Head Tracked Vision System), other than such items controlled in Category VIII, that:


    1. Incorporate or interface (either via wired or wireless connection) with optical sights or slewing devices that aim, launch, track, or manage munitions; or


    2. Control infrared imaging systems or end items described in paragraphs (a) through (d) of this category.


*(b) Laser systems and end items, as follows:


  1. Laser target designators or coded target markers, that mediate the delivery of ordnance to a target;


  2. Target illumination systems having a variable beam divergence and a laser output wavelength exceeding 710 nm, to artificially light an area to search, locate, or track a target;


  3. Laser rangefinders having any of the following:


    1. Output wavelength of 1064 nm and any Q-switched pulse output; or


    2. Output wavelength exceeding 1064 nm and any of the following:


      1. Single or multiple shot(s) within one second ranging capability of 3 km or greater against a standard 2.3 m x 2.3 m NATO target having 10% reflectivity and 23 km atmospheric visibility; or


      2. Multiple shot ranging capability at 3 Hz or greater of 1 km or greater against a standard

        2.3 m x 2.3 m NATO target having 10% reflectivity and 23 km atmospheric visibility;


  4. Targeting systems and target location systems, incorporating or specially designed to incorporate both of the following:


    1. A laser rangefinder; and


    2. A defense article controlled in paragraph (d) of this category (MT if designed or modified for rockets, missiles, space launch vehicles (SLVs), drones, or unmanned aerial vehicle systems capable of delivering at least a 500 kg payload to a range of at least 300 km);


  5. Systems specially designed to use laser energy with an output wavelength exceeding 710 nm for exploiting differential target-background retroreflectance in order to detect optical/electro-optical equipment (e.g., optical augmentation systems);


  6. Light detection and ranging (LIDAR), laser detection and ranging (LADAR), or range-gated systems, specially designed for a military end user (MT if designed or modified for rockets, missiles, SLVs, drones, or unmanned aerial vehicle systems capable of delivering at least a 500 kg payload to a range of at least 300 km); or


  7. Developmental lasers or laser systems funded by the Department of Defense via contract or other funding authorization.


NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (b)(7): For Note 1 to paragraph (b)(7): This paragraph does not control lasers or laser systems: (a) In production, (b) determined to be subject to the EAR via a Commodity Jurisdiction

determination (see § 120.4 of this subchapter), or (c) identified in the relevant Department of Defense contract or other funding authorization as being developed for both civil and military applications.


NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (b)(7): Note 1 does not apply to defense articles enumerated on the U.S. Munitions List, whether in production or development.


NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (b)(7): This provision is applicable to those contracts or other funding authorizations that are dated October 12, 2017 or later.


*(c) Imaging systems or end items, as follows:


  1. Binoculars, bioculars, monoculars, goggles, or head or helmet-mounted imaging systems (including video-based articles having a separate near-to-eye display), as follows:


    1. Employing an autogated third generation image intensifier tube or a higher generation image intensifier tube;


    2. Fusing output of an image intensifier tube and an infrared focal plane array having a peak response wavelength greater than 1,000 nm; or


    3. Having an infrared focal plane array or infrared imaging camera, and specially designed for a military end user;


  2. Weapon sights (i.e., with a reticle) or aiming or imaging systems (e.g., clip-on), specially designed to mount to a weapon or to withstand weapon shock or recoil, with or without an integrated viewer or display, and also incorporating or specially designed to incorporate any of the following:


    1. An infrared focal plane array having a peak response wavelength exceeding 1,000 nm;


    2. Second generation with luminous sensitivity greater than 350 µA/lm, third generation, or higher generation, image intensifier tubes;


    3. Ballistic computing electronics for adjusting the aim point display; or


    4. Infrared laser having a wavelength exceeding 710 nm;


  3. Electro-optical reconnaissance, surveillance, target detection, or target acquisition systems, specially designed for articles in this subchapter or specially designed for a military end user (MT if for determining bearings to specific electromagnetic sources (direction finding equipment) or terrain characteristics and designed or modified for rockets, missiles, SLVs, drones, or unmanned aerial vehicle systems capable of delivering at least a 500 kg payload to a range of at least 300 km);


  4. Infrared search and track (IRST) systems having one of the following:


    1. Airborne or naval systems, that:


      1. Have range performance of 3 km or greater;


      2. Incorporate or are specially designed to incorporate an infrared focal plane array or imaging camera, having a peak response wavelength exceeding 3 microns or greater; and


      3. Maintain positional or angular state of a target through time; or


    2. Specially designed for a military end user;

  1. Distributed aperture systems having a peak response wavelength exceeding 710 nm specially designed for articles in this subchapter or specially designed for a military end user;


  2. Infrared imaging systems, as follows:


    1. Mobile reconnaissance, scout, or surveillance systems providing real-time target recognition at ranges greater than 3 km (e.g., LRAS, CIV, HTI, SeeSpot, MMS);


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (c)(6)(i): Target is defined as a NATO standard tank target having a frontal cross- section of 2.3 x 2.3 meters, and a side cross-section of 2.3 x 6.4 meters.


    2. Airborne stabilized systems specially designed for military reconnaissance (e.g., DB-110, C- B4);


    3. Multispectral imaging systems that provide automated classification or identification of military or intelligence targets or characteristics;


    4. Automated missile detection or warning systems;


    5. Systems hardened to withstand electromagnetic pulse (EMP), directed energy, chemical, biological, or radiological threats;


    6. Systems incorporating mechanism(s) to reduce the optical chain signature for optical augmentation;


    7. Persistent surveillance systems with a ground sample distance (GSD) of 0.5 m or better (smaller) at 10,000 ft or higher above ground level and a simultaneous coverage area of 3 km2 or greater;


    8. Gimbaled infrared systems, as follows:


      1. Having a stabilization better (less) than 30 microradians RMS and a turret with a ball diameter of 15 inches or greater; or


      2. Specially designed for articles in this subchapter or specially designed for a military end user;


  3. Terahertz imaging systems as follows:


    1. Concealed object detection systems operating in the frequency range from 30 GHz to 3000 GHz, and having a resolution less (better) than 0.1 milliradians at a standoff range of 100 m; or


    2. Specially designed for a military end user;


  4. Systems or equipment, incorporating an ultraviolet or infrared (IR) beacon or emitter, specially designed for Combat Identification;


  5. Systems that project radiometrically calibrated scenes at a frame rate greater than 30 Hz directly into the entrance aperture of an electro-optical or infrared (EO/IR) sensor controlled in this subchapter within either the spectral band exceeding 10 nm but not exceeding 400 nm, or the spectral band exceeding 900 nm but not exceeding 30,000 nm;


  6. Developmental electro-optical, infrared, or terahertz systems funded by the Department of Defense.

NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (c)(10): This paragraph does not control electro-optical, infrared, or terahertz imaging systems: (a) In production, (b) determined to be subject to the EAR via a Commodity Jurisdiction determination (see §120.4 of this subchapter), or (c) identified in the relevant Department of Defense contract or other funding authorization as being developed for both civil and military applications.


NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (c)(10): Note 1 does not apply to defense articles enumerated on the U.S. Munitions List, whether in production or development.


NOTE 3 TO PARAGRAPH (c)(10): This provision is applicable to those contracts or other funding authorizations that are dated October 12, 2017 or later.


  1. Guidance and navigation systems or end items, as follows:


    1. Guidance or navigation systems (e.g., inertial navigation systems, inertial reference units, attitude and heading reference systems) having any of the following:


      1. A circular error probability at fifty percent (CEP50) of position error rate less (better) than

        0.28 nautical miles per hour, without the use of positional aiding references;


      2. A heading error or true north determination of less (better) than 0.28 mrad secant (latitude) (0.016043 degrees secant (latitude)), without the use of positional aiding references;


      3. A CEP50 of position error rate less than 0.2 nautical miles in an 8 hour period, without the use of positional aiding references; or


      4. Meeting or exceeding specified performance at linear acceleration levels exceeding 25g (MT if designed or modified for rockets, missiles, SLVs, drones, or unmanned aerial vehicle systems capable of a range greater than or equal to 300 km or incorporating accelerometers specified in paragraph (e)(11) or gyroscopes or angular rate sensors specified in paragraph (e)(12) of this category that are designated MT);


        NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (d)(1): For rocket, SLV, or missile flight control and guidance systems (including guidance sets), see Category IV(h).


        NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (d)(1): Inertial measurement units are described in paragraph (e) of this category.


    2. Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receiving equipment, as follows:


      1. GNSS receiving equipment specially designed for military applications (MT if designed or modified for airborne applications and capable of providing navigation information at speeds in excess of 600 m/s);


      2. Global Positioning System (GPS) receiving equipment specially designed for encryption or decryption (e.g., Y-Code, M-Code) of GPS precise positioning service (PPS) signals (MT if designed or modified for airborne applications);


      3. GNSS receiving equipment specially designed for use with an antenna described in Category XI(c)(10) (MT if designed or modified for airborne applications); or


      4. GNSS receiving equipment specially designed for use with rockets, missiles, SLVs, drones, or unmanned air vehicle systems capable of delivering at least a 500 kg payload to a range of at least 300 km (MT);


        NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (d)(2)(iv): “Payload” is the total mass that can be carried or delivered by the specified rocket, missile, SLV, drone, or unmanned aerial vehicle that is not used to maintain flight. For definition of “range” as it pertains to rocket systems, see Note 1 to paragraph (a) of USML Category IV.

        For definition of “range” as it pertains to aircraft systems, see Note 2 to paragraph (a) of USML Category VIII.


    3. GNSS anti-jam systems specially designed for use with an antenna described in Category XI(c)(10);


    4. Mobile relative gravimeters having automatic motion compensation with an in-service accuracy of less (better) than 0.4 mGal (MT if designed or modified for airborne or marine use and having a time to steady-state registration of two minutes or less);


    5. Mobile gravity gradiometers having an accuracy of less (better) than 10 Eotvos squared per radian per second for any component of the gravity gradient tensor, and having a spatial gravity wavelength resolution of 50 m or less (MT if designed or modified for airborne or marine use);


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (d)(5): “Eotvos” is a unit of acceleration divided by distance that was used in conjunction with the older centimeter-gram-second system of units. The Eotvos is defined as 1⁄1,000,000,000 Galileo (Gal) per centimeter.


    6. Developmental guidance or navigation systems funded by the Department of Defense (MT if designed or modified for rockets, missiles, SLVs, drones, or unmanned aerial vehicle systems capable of a range equal to or greater than 300 km).


      NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (d)(6): This paragraph does not control guidance or navigation systems: (a) in production, (b) determined to be subject to the EAR via a Commodity Jurisdiction determination (see §120.4 of this subchapter), or (c) identified in the relevant Department of Defense contract or other funding authorization as being developed for both civil and military applications.


      NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (d)(6): Note 1 does not apply to defense articles enumerated on the U.S. Munitions List, whether in production or development.


      NOTE 3 TO PARAGRAPH (d)(6): This provision is applicable to those contracts or other funding authorizations that are dated October 12, 2017 or later.


      Note 4 TO PARAGRAPH (d)(6): For definition of “range” as it pertains to rocket systems, see Note 1 to paragraph (a) of USML Category IV. For definition of “range” as it pertains to aircraft systems, see Note 2 to paragraph (a) of USML Category VIII.


  2. Parts, components, accessories, or attachments, as follows:


    1. Parts and components specially designed for articles described in paragraph (a)(1) or (a)(5) of this category;


    2. Lasers specially designed for articles in this subchapter;


    3. Laser stacked arrays specially designed for articles in this subchapter;


    4. Night vision or infrared cameras (e.g., camera core) specially designed for articles in this subchapter;


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (e)(4): The articles controlled by this paragraph have sufficient electronics to enable at a minimum the output of an analog or digital signal once power is applied.


    5. Infrared focal plane arrays specially designed for articles in this subchapter;


    6. Charge multiplication focal plane arrays exceeding 50 mA/W for any wavelength exceeding 760 nm and specially designed for articles described in this subchapter;

    7. Second generation and greater image intensifier tubes specially designed for articles in this subchapter, and specially designed parts and components therefor;


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (e)(7): Second and third generation image intensifier tubes are defined as having a peak response within the 0.4 to 1.05 micron wavelength range and incorporating a microchannel plate for electron image amplification having a hole pitch (center-to-center spacing) of less than 25 microns and having either: (a) an S-20, S-25, or multialkali photo cathode; or (b) a GaAs, GaInAs, or other III-V compound semiconductor photocathode.


    8. Parts and components specially designed for articles described in paragraph (c)(3), (c)(4), (c)(5) or (c)(6)(vi)-(vii) of this category;


    9. Inertial measurement units specially designed for articles in this subchapter (MT for systems incorporating accelerometers specified in paragraph (e)(11) or gyroscopes or angular rate sensors specified in paragraph (e)(12) that are designated MT);


    10. GNSS security devices (e.g., Selective Availability Anti-Spoofing Modules (SAASM), Security Modules (SM), and Auxiliary Output Chips (AOC));


    11. Accelerometers having a bias repeatability of less (better) than 10 µg and a scale factor repeatability of less (better) than 10 parts per million, or capable of measuring greater than 100,000 g (MT);


      NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (e)(11): For weapon fuze accelerometers, see Category III(d) or IV(h).


      NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (e)(11): MT designation does not include accelerometers that are designed to measure vibration or shock.


    12. Gyroscopes or angular rate sensors as follows:


      1. Having an angle random walk of less (better) than 0.001 degrees per square root hour; or


      2. Mechanical gyroscopes or rate sensors having a bias repeatability less (better) than 0.0015 degrees per hour (MT if having a rated drift stability of less than 0.5 degrees (1 sigma or rms) per hour in a 1 g environment or specified to function at acceleration levels greater than 100 g);


        NOTE TO PARAGRAPHS (e)(11) and (e)(12): “Repeatability” is the closeness of agreement among repeated measurements of the same variable under the same operating conditions when changes in conditions or non-operating periods occur between measurements.


        “Bias” is the accelerometer output when no acceleration is applied.


        “Scale factor” is the ratio of change in output to a change in the input.


        The measurements of “bias” and “scale factor” refer to one sigma standard deviation with respect to a fixed calibration over a period of one year.


        “Drift Rate” is the component of gyro output that is functionally independent of input rotation and is expressed as an angular rate.


        “Stability” is a measure of the ability of a specific mechanism or performance coefficient to remain invariant when continuously exposed to a fixed operating condition. (This definition does not refer to dynamic or servo stability.)

    13. Optical sensors having a spectral filter specially designed for systems or equipment controlled in USML Category XI(a)(4), or optical sensor assemblies that provide threat warning or tracking for systems or equipment controlled in Category XI(a)(4);


    14. Infrared focal plane array read-out integrated circuits (ROICs) specially designed for articles in this subchapter;


    15. Integrated dewar cooler assemblies specially designed for articles in this subchapter, with or without an infrared focal plane array, and specially designed parts and components therefor;;


    16. Gimbals specially designed for articles in this category;


    17. Infrared focal plane array Joule-Thomson (JT) self-regulating cryostats specially designed for articles controlled in this subchapter;


    18. Infrared lenses, mirrors, beam splitters or combiners, filters, and treatments and coatings, specially designed for articles controlled in this category;


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (e)(18): For the purposes of this paragraph, treatments and coatings may be analyzed as a part, component, accessory, or attachment under paragraph (b) of §120.41 to determine if they are specially designed.


    19. Drive, control, signal, or image processing electronics, specially designed for articles controlled in this category;


    20. Near-to-eye displays (e.g., micro-displays) specially designed for articles controlled in this category;


    21. Resonators, receivers, transmitters, modulators, gain media, drive electronics, and frequency converters, specially designed for laser systems controlled in this category;


    22. Two-dimensional infrared scene projector emitter arrays (i.e., resistive arrays) specially designed for infrared scene generators controlled in USML Category IX(a)(10);


      *(23) Any part, component, accessory, attachment, or associated equipment, that:


      1. Is classified;


      2. Contains classified software;


      3. Is manufactured using classified production data; or


      4. Is being developed using classified information.


        NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (e)(23): “Classified” means classified pursuant to Executive Order 13526, or predecessor order, and a security classification guide developed pursuant thereto or equivalent, or to the corresponding classification rules of another government.


        (24) Developmental image intensifier tubes, focal plane arrays, read-out-integrated circuits, accelerometers, gyroscopes, angular rate sensors, and inertial measurement units funded by the Department of Defense (MT if designed or modified for rockets, missiles, SLVs, drones, or unmanned aerial vehicle systems capable of a range equal to or greater than 300 km).


        NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (e)(24): This paragraph does not control items: (a) In production, (b) determined to be subject to the EAR via a Commodity Jurisdiction determination (see §120.4 of this subchapter), or (c)

        identified in the relevant Department of Defense contract or other funding authorization as being developed for both civil and military applications.


        NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (e)(24): Note 1 does not apply to defense articles enumerated on the U.S. Munitions List, whether in production or development.


        NOTE 3 TO PARAGRAPH (e)(24): This provision is applicable to those contracts or other funding authorizations that are dated October 12, 2017 or later.


  3. Technical data (see §120.10) and defense services (see §120.9) directly related to the defense articles described in paragraphs (a) through (e) of this category and classified technical data directly related to items controlled in ECCNs 7A611, 7B611, and 7D611. (See §125.4 for exemptions.) (MT for technical data and defense services related to articles designated as such.)


(g)-(w) [Reserved]


  1. Commodities, software, and technology subject to the EAR (see §120.42 of this subchapter) used in or with defense articles controlled in this category.


    NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (x): Use of this paragraph is limited to license applications for defense articles controlled in this category where the purchase documentation includes commodities, software, or technology subject to the EAR (see §123.1(b) of this subchapter).


    NOTE TO CATEGORY XII: For purposes of paragraphs (b)(6), (c)(1)(iii), (c)(3), (c)(4)(ii), (c)(5), (c)(6)(viii)(b), and (c)(7)(ii) of this category, a “military end user” means the national armed services (army, navy, marine, air force, or coast guard), national guard, national police, government intelligence or reconnaissance organizations, or any person or entity whose actions or functions are intended to support military end uses. A system or end item is not specially designed for a military end user if the item was developed with knowledge that it is or would be for use by both military end users and non-military end users, or if the item was or is being developed with no knowledge of use by a particular end user. For the purpose of conducting a self-determination of jurisdiction, documents contemporaneous with the development must establish such knowledge. For the purpose of a Commodity Jurisdiction determination, the government may base a determination on post-development information that evidences such knowledge or is otherwise consistent with §120.4 of this subchapter.


    image

    Category XIII— Materials and Miscellaneous Articles


    1. [Reserved]


    2. Information security or information assurance systems and equipment, cryptographic devices, software, and components, as follows:


      1. Military or intelligence cryptographic (including key management) systems, equipment, assemblies, modules, integrated circuits, components, and software (including their cryptographic interfaces) capable of maintaining secrecy or confidentiality of information or information systems, including equipment or software for tracking, telemetry, and control (TT&C) encryption and decryption;


      2. Military or intelligence cryptographic (including key management) systems, equipment, assemblies, modules, integrated circuits, components, and software (including their cryptographic interfaces) capable of generating spreading or hopping codes for spread spectrum systems or equipment;


      3. Military or intelligence cryptanalytic systems, equipment, assemblies, modules, integrated circuits, components and software;

      4. Military or intelligence systems, equipment, assemblies, modules, integrated circuits, components, or software (including all previous or derived versions) authorized to control access to or transfer data between different security domains as listed on the Unified Cross Domain Management Office (UCDMO) Control List (UCL); or


      5. Ancillary equipment specially designed for the articles in paragraphs (b)(1)-(b)(4) of this category.


    3. [Reserved]


    4. Materials, as follows:


      *(1) Ablative materials fabricated or semi-fabricated from advanced composites (e.g., silica, graphite, carbon, carbon/carbon, and boron filaments) specially designed for the articles in USML Category IV or XV (MT if usable for nozzles, re-entry vehicles, nose tips, or nozzle flaps usable in rockets, space launch vehicles (SLVs), or missiles capable of achieving a range greater than or equal to 300 km); or


      (2) Carbon/carbon billets and preforms that are reinforced with continuous unidirectional fibers, tows, tapes, or woven cloths in three or more dimensional planes (MT if designed for rocket, SLV, or missile systems and usable in rockets, SLVs, or missiles capable of achieving a range greater than or equal to 300 km).


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (d): “Range” is the maximum distance that the specified rocket system is capable of traveling in the mode of stable flight as measured by the projection of its trajectory over the surface of the Earth. The maximum capability based on the design characteristics of the system, when fully loaded with fuel or propellant, will be taken into consideration in determining range. The range for rocket systems will be determined independently of any external factors such as operational restrictions, limitations imposed by telemetry, data links, or other external constraints. For rocket systems, the range will be determined using the trajectory that maximizes range, assuming International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) standard atmosphere with zero wind.


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (d)(2): This paragraph does not control carbon/carbon billets and preforms where reinforcement in the third dimension is limited to interlocking of adjacent layers only.


    5. Armor (e.g., organic, ceramic, metallic) and armor materials, as follows:


      1. Spaced armor with Em greater than 1.4 and meeting NIJ Level III or better;


      2. Transparent armor having Em greater than or equal to 1.3 or having Em less than 1.3 and meeting and exceeding NIJ Level III standards with areal density less than or equal to 40 pounds per square foot;


      3. Transparent ceramic plate greater than 14 inch-thick and larger than 8 inches x 8 inches, excluding glass, for transparent armor;


      4. Non-transparent ceramic plate or blanks, greater than 14 inches thick and larger than 8 inches x 8 inches for transparent armor. This includes spinel and aluminum oxynitride (ALON);


      5. Composite armor with Em greater than 1.4 and meeting or exceeding NIJ Level III;


      6. Metal laminate armor with Em greater than 1.4 and meeting or exceeding NIJ Level III; or


      7. Developmental armor funded by the Department of Defense via contract or other funding authorization.

        NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (e)(7): This paragraph does not control armor (a) in production, (b) determined to be subject to the EAR via a commodity jurisdiction determination (see §120.4 of this subchapter), or (c) identified in the relevant Department of Defense contract or other funding authorization as being developed for both civil and military applications.


        NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (e)(7): Note 1 does not apply to defense articles enumerated on the USML, whether in production or development.


        NOTE 3 TO PARAGRAPH (e)(7): This provision is applicable to those contracts and funding authorizations that are dated July 8, 2014, or later.


        *(f) Any article enumerated in this category that (MT for those articles designated as such):


        1. Is classified;


        2. Contains classified software directly related to defense articles in this subchapter or 600 series items subject to the EAR; or


        3. Is being developed using classified information.


“Classified” means classified pursuant to Executive Order 13526, or predecessor order, and a security classification guide developed pursuant thereto or equivalent, or to the corresponding classification rules of another government or international organization.


*(g) Concealment and deception equipment, as follows (MT for applications usable for rockets, SLVs, missiles, drones, or unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) capable of achieving a range greater than or equal to 300 km and their subsystems. See Note to paragraph (d) of this category):


  1. Polymers loaded with carbonyl iron powder, ferrites, iron whiskers, fibers, flakes, or other magnetic additives having a surface resistivity of less than 5000 ohms/square and greater than 10 ohms/square with electrical isotropy of less than 5%;


  2. Multi-layer camouflage systems specially designed to reduce detection of platforms or equipment in the infrared or ultraviolet frequency spectrums;


  3. High temperature (greater than 300 °F operation) ceramic or magnetic radar absorbing material (RAM) specially designed for use on defense articles or military items subject to the EAR; or


  4. Broadband (greater than 30% bandwidth) lightweight (less than 2 lbs/sq ft) magnetic radar absorbing material (RAM) specially designed for use on defense articles or military items subject to the EAR.


  1. Energy conversion devices not otherwise enumerated in this subchapter, as follows:


    1. Fuel cells specially designed for platforms or soldier systems specified in this subchapter;


    2. Thermal engines specially designed for platforms or soldier systems specified in this subchapter;


    3. Thermal batteries (MT if designed or modified for rockets, SLVs, missiles, drones, or UAVs capable of achieving a range equal to or greater than 300 km. See Note to paragraph (d) of this category); or

      NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (h)(3): Thermal batteries are single use batteries that contain a solid non-conducting inorganic salt as the electrolyte. These batteries incorporate a pyrolitic material that, when ignited, melts the electrolyte and activates the battery.


    4. Thermionic generators specially designed for platforms or soldier systems enumerated in this subchapter.


*(i) Signature reduction software, and technical data as follows (MT for software specially designed for reduced observables, for applications usable for rockets, SLVs, missiles, drones, or UAVs capable of achieving a range (see Note to paragraph (d) of this category) greater than or equal to 300 km, and their subsystems, including software specially designed for analysis of signature reduction; MT for technical data for the development, production, or use of equipment, materials, or software designated as such, including databases specially designed for analysis of signature reduction):


  1. Software associated with the measurement or modification of system signatures for defense articles to reduce detectability or observability;


  2. Software for design of low-observable platforms;


  3. Software for design, analysis, prediction, or optimization of signature management solutions for defense articles;


  4. Infrared signature measurement or prediction software for defense articles or radar cross section measurement or prediction software;


  5. Signature management technical data, including codes and algorithms for defense articles to reduce detectability or observability;


  6. Signature control design methodology (see §125.4(c)(4) of this subchapter) for defense articles to reduce detectability or observability;


  7. Technical data for use of micro-encapsulation or micro-spheres to reduce infrared, radar, or visual detection of platforms or equipment;


  8. Multi-layer camouflage system technical data for reducing detection of platforms or equipment;


  9. Multi-spectral surface treatment technical data for modifying infrared, visual or radio frequency signatures of platforms or equipment;


  10. Technical data for modifying visual, electro-optical, radiofrequency, electric, magnetic, electromagnetic, or wake signatures (e.g., low probability of intercept (LPI) techniques, methods or applications) of defense platforms or equipment through shaping, active, or passive techniques; or


  11. Technical data for modifying acoustic signatures of defense platforms or equipment through shaping, active, or passive techniques.


  1. Equipment, materials, coatings, and treatments not elsewhere specified, as follows:


    1. Specially treated or formulated dyes, coatings, and fabrics used in the design, manufacture, or production of personnel protective clothing, equipment, or face paints designed to protect against or reduce detection by radar, infrared, or other sensors at wavelengths greater than 900 nanometers (see USML Category X(a)(2)); or

*(2) Equipment, materials, coatings, and treatments that are specially designed to modify the electro- optical, radiofrequency, infrared, electric, laser, magnetic, electromagnetic, acoustic, electro- static, or wake signatures of defense articles or 600 series items subject to the EAR through control of absorption, reflection, or emission to reduce detectability or observability (MT for applications usable for rockets, SLVs, missiles, drones, or UAVs capable of achieving a range greater than or equal to 300 km, and their subsystems. See Note to paragraph (d) of this category).


*(k) Tooling and equipment, as follows:


  1. Tooling and equipment specially designed for production of low observable (LO) components; or


  2. Portable platform signature field repair validation equipment (e.g., portable optical interrogator that validates integrity of a repair to a signature reduction structure).


  1. Technical data (see §120.10 of this subchapter) directly related to the defense articles described in paragraphs (a) through (h), (j), and (k) of this category and defense services (see §120.9 of this subchapter) directly related to the defense articles described in this category. (See also §123.20 of this subchapter.) (MT for technical data and defense services related to articles designated as such.)


  2. The following interpretations explain and amplify terms used in this category and elsewhere in this subchapter:


    1. Composite armor is defined as having more than one layer of different materials or a matrix.


    2. Spaced armors are metallic or non-metallic armors that incorporate an air space or obliquity or discontinuous material path effects as part of the defeat mechanism.


    3. Reactive armor employs explosives, propellants, or other materials between plates for the purpose of enhancing plate motion during a ballistic event or otherwise defeating the penetrator.


    4. Electromagnetic armor (EMA) employs electricity to defeat threats such as shaped charges.


    5. Materials used in composite armor could include layers of metals, plastics, elastomers, fibers, glass, ceramics, ceramic-glass reinforced plastic laminates, encapsulated ceramics in a metallic or non-metallic matrix, functionally gradient ceramic-metal materials, or ceramic balls in a cast metal matrix.


    6. For this category, a material is considered transparent if it allows 75% or greater transmission of light, corrected for index of refraction, in the visible spectrum through a 1 mm thick nominal sample.


    7. The material controlled in paragraph (e)(4) of this category has not been treated to reach the 75% transmission level referenced in (m)(6) of this category.


    8. Metal laminate armors are two or more layers of metallic materials which are mechanically or adhesively bonded together to form an armor system.


    9. Em is the line-of-sight target mass effectiveness ratio and provides a measure of the tested armor's performance to that of rolled homogenous armor, where Em is defined as follows:


      image

      Where:


      ρRHA = density of RHA, (7.85 g/cm3)

      Po = Baseline Penetration of RHA, (mm)


      Pr = Residual Line of Sight Penetration, either positive or negative (mm RHA equivalent) ADTARGET = Line-of-Sight Areal Density of Target (kg/m2)

      image

      If witness plate is penetrated, Pr is the distance from the projectile to the front edge of the witness plate. If not penetrated, Pr is negative and is the distance from the back edge of the target to the projectile.


    10. NIJ is the National Institute of Justice and Level III refers to the requirements specified in NIJ standard 0108.01 Ballistic Resistant Protective Materials.


(n)-(w) [Reserved]


  1. Commodities, software, and technical data subject to the EAR (see §120.42 of this subchapter) used in or with defense articles.


    NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (x): Use of this paragraph is limited to license applications for defense articles controlled in this category where the PURCHASE documentation includes commodities, software, or technical data subject to the EAR (see §123.1(b) of this subchapter).


    Category XIV—Toxicological Agents, Including Chemical Agents, Biological Agents, and Associated Equipment


    *(a) Chemical agents, as follows:


    1. Nerve agents, as follows:


      1. O-Alkyl (equal to or less than C10, including cycloalkyl) alkyl (Methyl, Ethyl, n-Propyl or Isopropyl)phosphonofluoridates, such as: Sarin (GB): O-Isopropyl methylphosphonofluoridate (CAS 107-44-8) (CWC Schedule 1A); and Soman (GD): O- Pinacolyl methylphosphonofluoridate (CAS 96-64-0) (CWC Schedule 1A);


      2. O-Alkyl (equal to or less than C10, including cycloalkyl) N,N-dialkyl (Methyl, Ethyl, n-Propyl or Isopropyl)phosphoramidocyanidates, such as: Tabun (GA): O-Ethyl N, N- dimethylphosphoramidocyanidate (CAS 77-81-6) (CWC Schedule 1A); or


      3. O-Alkyl (H or equal to or less than C10, including cycloalkyl) S-2-dialkyl (Methyl, Ethyl, n- Propyl or Isopropyl)aminoethyl alkyl (Methyl, Ethyl, n-Propyl or Isopropyl)phosphonothiolates and corresponding alkylated and protonated salts, such as: VX: O-Ethyl S-2-diisopropylaminoethyl methyl phosphonothiolate (CAS 50782-69-9) (CWC Schedule 1A);


    2. Amiton: O,O-Diethyl S-[2(diethylamino)ethyl] phosphorothiolate and corresponding alkylated or protonated salts (CAS 78-53-5) (CWC Schedule 2A);


    3. Vesicant agents, as follows:


      1. Sulfur mustards, such as: 2-Chloroethylchloromethylsulfide (CAS 2625-76-5) (CWC Schedule 1A); Bis(2-chloroethyl)sulfide (HD) (CAS 505-60-2) (CWC Schedule 1A); Bis(2-

        chloroethylthio)methane (CAS 63839-13-6) (CWC Schedule 1A); 1,2-bis (2- chloroethylthio)ethane (CAS 3563-36-8) (CWC Schedule 1A); 1,3-bis (2-chloroethylthio)-n- propane (CAS 63905-10-2) (CWC Schedule 1A); 1,4-bis (2-chloroethylthio)-n-butane (CWC Schedule 1A); 1,5-bis (2-chloroethylthio)-n-pentane (CWC Schedule 1A); Bis (2- chloroethylthiomethyl)ether (CWC Schedule 1A); Bis (2-chloroethylthioethyl)ether (CAS 63918-89-8) (CWC Schedule 1A);


      2. Lewisites, such as: 2-chlorovinyldichloroarsine (CAS 541-25-3) (CWC Schedule 1A); Tris (2-chlorovinyl) arsine (CAS 40334-70-1) (CWC Schedule 1A); Bis (2-chlorovinyl) chloroarsine (CAS 40334-69-8) (CWC Schedule 1A);


      3. Nitrogen mustards, or their protonated salts, as follows:


        1. HN1: bis (2-chloroethyl) ethylamine (CAS 538-07-8) (CWC Schedule 1A);


        2. HN2: bis (2-chloroethyl) methylamine (CAS 51-75-2) (CWC Schedule 1A);


        3. HN3: tris (2-chloroethyl)amine (CAS 555-77-1) (CWC Schedule 1A); or


        4. Other nitrogen mustards, or their salts, having a propyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, or tertiary butyl group on the bis(2-chloroethyl) amine base;


          NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (a)(3)(iii): Pharmaceutical formulations containing nitrogen mustards or certain reference standards for these formulations are not considered to be chemical agents and are subject to the EAR when: (1) The pharmaceutical is in the form of a final medical product; or (2) the reference standard contains salts of HN2 [bis(2-chloroethyl) methylamine], the quantity to be shipped is 150 milligrams or less, and individual shipments do not exceed twelve per calendar year per end user.


          NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (a)(3)(iii): A “final medical product,” as used in this paragraph, is a pharmaceutical formulation that is (1) designed for testing and administration in the treatment of human medical conditions, (2) prepackaged for distribution as a clinical or medical product, and (3) approved for marketing by the Food and Drug Administration or has a valid investigational new drug application (IND) in effect, in accordance with 21 CFR part 312.


      4. Ethyldichloroarsine (ED) (CAS 598-14-1); or


      5. Methyldichloroarsine (MD) (CAS 593-89-5);


    4. Incapacitating agents, such as:


      1. 3-Quinuclindinyl benzilate (BZ) (CAS 6581-06-2) (CWC Schedule 2A);


      2. Diphenylchloroarsine (DA) (CAS 712-48-1); or


      3. Diphenylcyanoarsine (DC) (CAS 23525-22-6);


    5. Chemical warfare agents not enumerated above adapted for use in war to produce casualties in humans or animals, degrade equipment, or damage crops or the environment. (See the CCL at ECCNs 1C350, 1C355, and 1C395 for control of certain chemicals not adapted for use in war.)


NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (a)(5): “Adapted for use in war” means any modification or selection (such as altering purity, shelf life, dissemination characteristics, or resistance to ultraviolet radiation) designed to increase the effectiveness in producing casualties in humans or animals, degrading equipment, or damaging crops or the environment.

NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (a): Paragraph (a) of this category does not include the following: Cyanogen chloride, Hydrocyanic acid, Chlorine, Carbonyl chloride (Phosgene), Ethyl bromoacetate, Xylyl bromide, Benzyl bromide, Benzyl iodide, Chloro acetone, Chloropicrin (trichloronitromethane), Fluorine, and Liquid pepper.


NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (a): Regarding U.S. obligations under the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), refer to Chemical Weapons Convention Regulations (CWCR) (15 CFR parts 710 through 721). As appropriate, the CWC schedule is provided to assist the exporter.


*(b) Biological agents and biologically derived substances and genetic elements thereof as follows:


  1. Genetically modified biological agents:


    1. Having non-naturally occurring genetic modifications that are known to or are reasonably expected to result in an increase in any of the following:


      1. Persistence in a field environment (i.e., resistance to oxygen, UV damage, temperature extremes, arid conditions, or decontamination processes); or


      2. The ability to defeat or overcome standard detection methods, personnel protection, natural or acquired host immunity, host immune response, or response to standard medical countermeasures; and


    2. Being any micro-organisms/toxins or their non-naturally occurring genetic elements as listed below:


      1. Bacillus anthracis;


      2. Botulinum neurotoxin producing species of Clostridium;


      3. Burkholderia mallei;


      4. Burkholderia pseudomallei;


      5. Ebola virus;


      6. Foot-and-mouth disease virus;


      7. Francisella tularensis;


      8. Marburg virus;


      9. Variola major virus (Smallpox virus);


      10. Variola minor virus (Alastrim);


      11. Yersinia pestis; or


      12. Rinderpest virus.

  2. Biological agent or biologically derived substances controlled in ECCNs 1C351, 1C353, or 1C354:


    1. Physically modified, formulated, or produced as any of the following:


      1. 1-10 micron particle size;


      2. Particle-absorbed or combined with nano-particles;


      3. Having coatings/surfactants, or


      4. By microencapsulation; and


    2. Meeting the criteria of paragraph (b)(2)(i) of this category in a manner that is known to or is reasonably expected to result in an increase in any of the following:


      1. Persistence in a field environment (i.e., resistant to oxygen, UV damage, temperature extremes, arid conditions, or decontamination processes);


      2. Dispersal characteristics (e.g., reduced susceptibility to shear forces, optimized electrostatic charges); or


      3. The ability to defeat or overcome: standard detection methods, personnel protection, natural or acquired host immunity, or response to standard medical countermeasures.


NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (b): Non-naturally occurring means that the modification has not already been observed in nature, was not discovered from samples obtained from nature, and was developed with human intervention.


NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (b): This paragraph does not control biological agents or biologically derived substances when these agents or substances have been demonstrated to be attenuated relative to natural pathogenic isolates and are incapable of causing disease or intoxication of ordinarily affected and relevant species (e.g., humans, livestock, crop plants) due to the attenuation of virulence or pathogenic factors. This paragraph also does not control genetic elements, nucleic acids, or nucleic acid sequences (whether recombinant or synthetic) that are unable to produce or direct the biosynthesis of infectious or functional forms of the biological agents or biologically derived substances that are capable of causing disease or intoxication of ordinarily affected and relevant species.


NOTE 3 TO PARAGRAPH (b): Biological agents or biologically derived substances that meet both paragraphs (b)(1) and (b)(2) of this category are controlled in paragraph (b)(1).


*(c) Chemical agent binary precursors and key precursors, as follows:


  1. Alkyl (Methyl, Ethyl, n-Propyl or Isopropyl) phosphonyl difluorides, such as: DF: Methyl Phosphonyldifluoride (CAS 676-99-3) (CWC Schedule 1B); Methylphosphinyldifluoride (CAS 753-59-3) (CWC Schedule 2B);


  2. O-Alkyl (H or equal to or less than C10, including cycloalkyl) O-2-dialkyl (methyl, ethyl, n-Propyl or isopropyl) aminoethyl alkyl (methyl, ethyl, N-propyl or isopropyl) phosphonite and corresponding alkylated and protonated salts, such as QL: O-Ethyl-2-di-isopropylaminoethyl methylphosphonite (CAS 57856-11-8) (CWC Schedule 1B);


  3. Chlorosarin: O-Isopropyl methylphosphonochloridate (CAS 1445-76-7) (CWC Schedule 1B);


  4. Chlorosoman: O-Pinacolyl methylphosphonochloridate (CAS 7040-57-5) (CWC Schedule 1B); or

  5. Methylphosphonyl dichloride (CAS 676-97-1) (CWC Schedule 2B); Methylphosphinyldichloride (CAS 676-83-5) (CWC Schedule 2B).


  1. [Reserved]


  2. Defoliants, as follows:


    1. 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (CAS 93-76-5) mixed with 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (CAS 94-75-7) (Agent Orange (CAS 39277-47-9)); or


    2. Butyl 2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxyacetate (LNF).


*(f) Parts, components, accessories, attachments, associated equipment, materials, and systems, as follows:


  1. Any equipment for the dissemination, dispersion, or testing of articles controlled in paragraphs (a), (b), (c), or (e) of this category, as follows:


    1. Any equipment “specially designed” for the dissemination and dispersion of articles controlled in paragraphs (a), (b), (c), or (e) of this category; or


    2. Any equipment “specially designed” for testing the articles controlled in paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (e), or (f)(4) of this category and developed under a Department of Defense contract or other funding authorization.


  2. Any equipment, containing reagents, algorithms, coefficients, software, libraries, spectral databases, or alarm set point levels developed under a Department of Defense contract or other funding authorization, for the detection, identification, warning, or monitoring of:


    1. Articles controlled in paragraphs (a) or (b) of this category; or


    2. Chemical agents or biological agents specified in the Department of Defense contract or other funding authorization.


      NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (f)(2): This paragraph does not control articles that are (a) determined to be subject to the EAR via a commodity jurisdiction determination (see §120.4 of this subchapter), or (b) identified in the relevant Department of Defense contract or other funding authorization as being developed for both civil and military applications.


      NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (f)(2): Note 1 does not apply to defense articles enumerated on the USML.


  3. [Reserved]


  4. For individual protection or collective protection against the articles controlled in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this category, as follows:


    1. M53 Chemical Biological Protective Mask or M50 Joint Service General Purpose Mask (JSGPM);


    2. Filter cartridges containing sorbents controlled in paragraph (f)(4)(iii) or (n) of this category;


    3. Carbon meeting MIL-DTL-32101 specifications (e.g., ASZM-TEDA carbon); or


    4. Ensembles, garments, suits, jackets, pants, boots, or socks for individual protection, and liners for collective protection that allow no more than 1% breakthrough of GD or no more

than 2% breakthrough of any other chemical controlled in paragraph (a) of this category, when evaluated by executing the applicable standard method(s) of testing described in the current version of Test Operating Protocols (TOPs) 08-2-201 or 08-2-501 and using the defined Department of Defense-specific requirements;


(5)-(6) [Reserved]


  1. Chemical Agent Resistant Coatings that have been qualified to military specifications (MIL-PRF- 32348, MIL-DTL-64159, MIL-C-46168, or MIL-DTL-53039); or


  2. Any part, component, accessory, attachment, equipment, or system that:


    1. Is classified;


    2. Is manufactured using classified production data; or


    3. Is being developed using classified information.


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (f)(8): “Classified” means classified pursuant to Executive Order 13526, or predecessor order, and a security classification guide developed pursuant thereto or equivalent, or to the corresponding classification rules of another government.


      1. Antibodies, recombinant protective antigens, polynucleotides, biopolymers, or biocatalysts (including their expression vectors, viruses, plasmids, or cultures of specific cells modified to produce them) as follows:


        1. When exclusively funded by a Department of Defense contract for detection of the biological agents at paragraph (b)(1)(ii) of this category even if naturally occurring;


        2. Joint Biological Agent Identification and Diagnostic System (JBAIDS) Freeze Dried reagents listed by JRPD-ASY-No and Description respectively as follows:


          1. JRPD-ASY-0016 Q-Fever IVD Kit;


          2. JRPD-ASY-0100 Vaccinia (Orthopox);


          3. JRPD-ASY-0106 Brucella melitensis (Brucellosis);


          4. JRPD-ASY-0108 Rickettsia prowazekii (Rickettsia);


          5. JRPD-ASY-0109 Burkholderia ssp. (Burkholderia);


          6. JRPD-ASY-0112 Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE);


          7. JRPD-ASY-0113 Western equine encephalitis (WEE);


          8. JRPD-ASY-0114 Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE);


          9. JRPD-ASY-0122 Coxiella burnetii (Coxiella);


          10. JRPD-ASY-0136 Influenza A/H5 IVD Detection Kit;


          11. JRPD-ASY-0137 Influenza A/B IVD Detection Kit; or

          12. JRPD-ASY-0138 Influenza A Subtype IVD Detection Kit;


        3. Critical Reagent Polymerase (CRP) Chain Reactions (PCR) assay kits with Catalog-ID and Catalog-ID Product respectively as follows:


          1. PCR-BRU-1FB-B-K Brucella Target 1 FastBlock Master Mix Biotinylated;


          2. PCR-BRU-1FB-K Brucella Target 1 FastBlock Master Mix;


          3. PCR-BRU-1R-K Brucella Target 1 LightCycler/RAPID Master Mix;


          4. PCR-BURK-2FB-B-K Burkholderia Target 2 FastBlock Master Mix Biotinylated;


          5. PCR-BURK-2FB-K Burkholderia Target 2 FastBlock Master Mix;


          6. PCR-BURK-2R-K Burkholderia Target 2 LightCycler/RAPID Master Mix;


          7. PCR-BURK-3FB-B-K Burkholderia Target 3 FastBlock Master Mix Biotinylated;


          8. PCR-BURK-3FB-K Burkholderia Target 3 FastBlock Master Mix;


          9. PCR-BURK-3R-K Burkholderia Target 3 LightCycler/RAPID Master Mix;


          10. PCR-COX-1FB-B-K Coxiella burnetii Target 1 FastBlock Master Mix Biotinylated;


          11. PCR-COX-1R-K Coxiella burnetii Target 1 LightCycler/RAPID Master Mix;


          12. PCR-COX-2R-K Coxiella burnetii Target 2 LightCycler/RAPID Master Mix;


          13. PCR-OP-1FB-B-K Orthopox Target 1 FastBlock Master Mix Biotinylated;


          14. PCR-OP-1FB-K Orthopox Target 1 FastBlock Master Mix;


          15. PCR-OP-1R-K Orthopox Target 1 LightCycler/RAPID Master Mix;


          16. PCR-OP-2FB-B-K Orthopox Target 2 FastBlock Master Mix Biotinylated;


          17. PCR-OP-3R-K Orthopox Target 3 LightCycler/RAPID Master Mix;


          18. PCR-RAZOR-BT-X PCR-RAZOR-BT-X RAZOR CRP BioThreat-X Screening Pouch;


          19. PCR-RIC-1FB-K Ricin Target 1 FastBlock Master Mix;


          20. PCR-RIC-1R-K Ricin Target 1 LightCycler/RAPID Master Mix;


          21. PCR-RIC-2R-K Ricin Target 2 LightCycler/RAPID Master Mix; or


          22. PCR-VEE-1R-K Venezuelan equine encephalitis Target 1 LightCycler/RAPID Master Mix; or


        4. Critical Reagent Program Antibodies with Catalog ID and Product respectively as follows:


          1. AB-AG-RIC Aff. Goat anti-Ricin;

          2. AB-ALVG-MAB Anti-Alphavirus Generic Mab;


          3. AB-AR-SEB Aff. Rabbit anti-SEB;


          4. AB-BRU-M-MAB1 Anti-Brucella melitensis Mab 1;


          5. AB-BRU-M-MAB2 Anti-Brucella melitensis Mab 2;


          6. AB-BRU-M-MAB3 Anti-Brucella melitensis Mab 3;


          7. AB-BRU-M-MAB4 Anti-Brucella melitensis Mab 4;


          8. AB-CHOL-0139-MAB Anti-V.cholerae 0139 Mab;


          9. AB-CHOL-01-MAB Anti-V. cholerae 01 Mab;


          10. AB-COX-MAB Anti-Coxiella Mab;


          11. AB-EEE-MAB Anti-EEE Mab;


          12. AB-G-BRU-A Goat anti-Brucella abortus;


          13. AB-G-BRU-M Goat anti-Brucella melitensis;


          14. AB-G-BRU-S Goat anti-Brucella suis;


          15. AB-G-CHOL-01 Goat anti-V.cholerae 0:1;


          16. AB-G-COL-139 Goat anti-V.cholerae 0:139;


          17. AB-G-DENG Goat anti-Dengue;


          18. AB-G-RIC Goat anti-Ricin;


          19. AB-G-SAL-T Goat anti-S. typhi;


          20. AB-G-SEA Goat anti-SEA;


          21. AB-G-SEB Goat anti-SEB;


          22. AB-G-SEC Goat anti-SEC;


          23. AB-G-SED Goat anti-SED;


          24. AB-G-SEE Goat anti-SEE;


          25. AB-G-SHIG-D Goat anti-Shigella dysenteriae;


          26. AB-R-BA-PA Rabbit anti-Protective Antigen;


          27. AB-R-COX Rabbit anti-C. burnetii;


          28. AB-RIC-MAB1 Anti-Ricin Mab 1;

          29. AB-RIC-MAB2 Anti-Ricin Mab 2;


          30. AB-RIC-MAB3 Anti-Ricin Mab3;


          31. AB-R-SEB Rabbit anti-SEB;


          32. AB-R-VACC Rabbit anti-Vaccinia;


          33. AB-SEB-MAB Anti-SEB Mab;


          34. AB-SLT2-MAB Anti-Shigella-like t x2 Mab;


          35. AB-T2T-MAB1 Anti-T2 Mab 1; (xxxvi)AB-T2T-MAB2 Anti-T2 Toxin 2;

            1. AB-VACC-MAB1 Anti-Vaccinia Mab 1;


            2. AB-VACC-MAB2 Anti-Vaccinia Mab 2; (xxxix)AB-VACC-MAB3 Anti-Vaccinia Mab 3; (xl) AB-VACC-MAB4 Anti-Vaccinia Mab 4; (xli) AB-VACC-MAB5 Anti-Vaccinia Mab 5; (xlii) AB-VACC-MAB6 Anti-Vaccinia Mab 6; (xliii) AB-VEE-MAB1 Anti-VEE Mab 1; (xliv) AB-VEE-MAB2 Anti-VEE Mab 2;

            (xlv) AB-VEE-MAB3 Anti-VEE Mab 3; (xlvi) AB-VEE-MAB4 Anti-VEE Mab 4; (xlvii) AB-VEE-MAB5 Anti-VEE Mab 5; (xlviii) AB-VEE-MAB6 Anti-VEE Mab 6; or

            (xlix) AB-WEE-MAB Anti-WEE Complex Mab.


      2. Vaccines exclusively funded by a Department of Defense contract, as follows:


        1. Recombinant Botulinum ToxinA/B Vaccine;


        2. Recombinant Plague Vaccine;


        3. Trivalent Filovirus Vaccine; or


        4. Vaccines specially designed for the sole purpose of protecting against biological agents and biologically derived substances identified in paragraph (b) of this category.

          NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (h): See ECCN 1A607.k for military medical countermeasures such as autoinjectors, combopens, and creams.


      3. Modeling or simulation tools, including software controlled in paragraph (m) of this category, for chemical or biological weapons design, development, or employment developed or produced under a Department of Defense contract or other funding authorization (e.g., the Department of Defense's HPAC, SCIPUFF, and the Joint Effects Model (JEM)).


      (j)-(l) [Reserved]


      1. Technical data (as defined in §120.10 of this subchapter) and defense services (as defined in §120.9 of this subchapter) directly related to the defense articles enumerated in paragraphs (a) through (l) and (n) of this category. (See §125.4 of this subchapter for exemptions.)


      2. Developmental countermeasures or sorbents funded by the Department of Defense via contract or other funding authorization;


      NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (n): This paragraph does not control countermeasures or sorbents that are (a) in production, (b) determined to be subject to the EAR via a commodity jurisdiction determination (see §120.4 of this subchapter), or (c) identified in the relevant Department of Defense contract or other funding authorization as being developed for both civil and military applications.


      NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (n): Note 1 does not apply to defense articles enumerated on the USML, whether in production or development.


      NOTE 3 TO PARAGRAPH (n): This paragraph is applicable only to those contracts and funding authorizations that are dated July 28, 2017, or later.


      (o)-(w) [Reserved]


      (x) Commodities, software, and technology subject to the EAR (see §120.42 of this subchapter) used in or with defense articles controlled in this category.


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (x): Use of this paragraph is limited to license applications for defense articles controlled in this category where the purchase documentation includes commodities, software, or technology subject to the EAR (see §123.1(b) of this subchapter).


      Category XV—Spacecraft and Related Articles


      1. Spacecraft, including satellites and space vehicles, whether designated developmental, experimental, research, or scientific, or having a commercial, civil, or military end-use, that:


        *(1) Are specially designed to mitigate effects (e.g., scintillation) of or for detection of a nuclear detonation;


        *(2) Autonomously detect and track moving ground, airborne, missile, or space objects other than celestial bodies, in real-time using imaging, infrared, radar, or laser systems;


        *(3) Conduct signals intelligence (SIGINT) or measurement and signatures intelligence (MASINT);


        *(4) Are specially designed to be used in a constellation or formation that when operated together, in essence or effect, form a virtual satellite (e.g., functioning as if one satellite) with the characteristics or functions of other items in paragraph (a);


        *(5) Are anti-satellite or anti-spacecraft (e.g., kinetic, RF, laser, charged particle);

        *(6) Have space-to-ground weapons systems (e.g., kinetic or directed energy);


        *(7) Have any of the following electro-optical remote sensing capabilities or characteristics:


        1. Electro-optical visible and near infrared (VNIR) (i.e., 400nm to 1,000nm) or infrared (i.e., greater than 1,000nm to 30,000nm) with less than 40 spectral bands and having a clear aperture greater than 0.50 meters;


        2. Electro-optical hyperspectral with 40 spectral bands or more in the VNIR, short-wavelength infrared (SWIR) (i.e., greater than 1,000nm to 2,500nm) or any combination of the aforementioned and having a Ground Sample Distance (GSD) less than 30 meters;


        3. Electro-optical hyperspectral with 40 spectral bands or more in the mid-wavelength infrared (MWIR) (i.e., greater than 2,500nm to 5,500nm) having a narrow spectral bandwidth of Δλ less than or equal to 20nm full width at half maximum (FWHM) or having a wide spectral bandwidth with Δλ greater than 20nm FWHM and a GSD less than 200 meters; or


        4. Electro-optical hyperspectral with 40 spectral bands or more in the long-wavelength infrared (LWIR) (i.e., greater than 5,500nm to 30,000nm) having a narrow spectral bandwidth of Δλ less than or equal to 50nm FWHM or having a wide spectral bandwidth with Δλ greater than 50nm FWHM and a GSD less than 500 meters;


          NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (a)(7): Ground Sample Distance (GSD) is measured from a spacecraft's nadir (i.e., local vertical) position.


          NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (a)(7): Optical remote sensing spacecraft or satellite spectral bandwidth is the smallest difference in wavelength (i.e., Δλ) that can be distinguished at full width at half maximum (FWHM) of wavelength λ.


          NOTE 3 TO PARAGRAPH (a)(7): An optical satellite or spacecraft is not Significant Military Equipment (see

          §120.7 of this subchapter) if non-earth pointing.


          *(8) Have radar remote sensing capabilities or characteristics (e.g., active electronically scanned array (AESA), synthetic aperture radar (SAR), inverse synthetic aperture radar (ISAR), ultra- wideband SAR), except those having a center frequency equal to or greater than 1 GHz but less than or equal to 10 GHz and having a bandwidth less than 300 MHz;


  3. Provide Positioning, Navigation, and Timing (PNT) signals;


    NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (a)(9): This paragraph does not control a satellite or spacecraft that provides only a differential correction broadcast for the purposes of positioning, navigation, or timing.


  4. Autonomously perform collision avoidance;


  1. Are sub-orbital, incorporate propulsion systems described in paragraph (e) of this category or Category IV(d)(1)-(6) of this section, and are specially designed for atmospheric entry or re-entry;


  2. Are specially designed to provide inspection or surveillance of another spacecraft, or service another spacecraft via grappling or docking; or


NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (A)(12): This paragraph does not control spacecraft that dock exclusively via the NASA Docking System (NDS), which are controlled by ECCN 9A515.a.4.


*(13) Are classified, contain classified software or hardware, are manufactured using classified production data, or are being developed using classified information (e.g., having classified requirements, specifications, functions, or operational characteristics or include classified

cryptographic items controlled under USML Category XIII of this subchapter). “Classified” means classified pursuant to Executive Order 13526, or predecessor order, and a security classification guide developed pursuant thereto or equivalent, or to the corresponding classification rules of another government or international organization.


NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (a): Spacecraft not identified in this paragraph are subject to the EAR (see ECCNs 9A004 and 9A515). Spacecraft described in ECCNs 9A004 and 9A515 remain subject to the EAR even if defense articles described on the USML are incorporated therein, except when such incorporation results in a spacecraft described in this paragraph.


NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (a): This paragraph does not control (a) the International Space Station (ISS) and its specially designed (as defined in the EAR) parts and components, which are subject to the EAR, or (b) those articles for the ISS that are determined to be subject to the EAR via a commodity jurisdiction determination (see

§120.4 of this subchapter). Use of a defense article on the ISS that was not specially designed (as defined in the EAR) for the ISS does not cause the item to become subject to the EAR.


NOTE 3 TO PARAGRAPH (a): This paragraph does not control the James Webb Space Telescope, which is subject to the EAR.


  1. Ground control systems or training simulators, specially designed for telemetry, tracking, and control (TT&C) of spacecraft in paragraph (a) of this category.


NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (b): Parts, components, accessories, attachments, equipment, or systems that are common to ground control systems or training simulators controlled in this paragraph and those that are used for spacecraft not controlled in paragraph (a) of this category are subject to the EAR.


(c)-(d) [Reserved]


  1. Spacecraft parts, components, accessories, attachments, equipment, or systems, as follows:


    1. Antenna systems specially designed for spacecraft that:


      1. Have a dimension greater than 25 meters in diameter or length of the major axis;


      2. Employ active electronic scanning;


      3. Are adaptive beam forming; or


      4. Are for interferometric radar;


    2. Space-qualified optics (i.e., lens, mirror or membrane) having one of the following:


      1. Active properties (e.g., adaptive, deformable) with a largest lateral clear aperture dimension greater than 0.35m; or


      2. A largest lateral clear aperture dimension greater than 0.50m;


    3. Space-qualified focal plane arrays (FPA) having a peak response in the wavelength range exceeding 900nm and readout integrated circuit (ROIC), whether separate or integrated, specially designed therefor;


    4. Space-qualified mechanical (i.e., active) cryocooler or active cold finger systems, and associated control electronics specially designed therefor;

    5. Space-qualified active vibration suppression systems, including active isolation and active dampening systems, and associated control electronics specially designed therefor;


    6. Optical bench assemblies specially designed to enable spacecraft to meet or exceed the parameters described in paragraph (a) of this category;


    7. Space-qualified kinetic or directed-energy systems (e.g., RF, laser, charged particle) specially designed for spacecraft in paragraph (a)(5) or (a)(6) of this category, and specially designed parts and components therefor (e.g., power conditioning and beam-handling/switching, propagation, tracking, and pointing equipment);


    8. [Reserved]


    9. Space-qualified cesium, rubidium, hydrogen maser, or quantum (e.g., based upon Al, Hg, Yb, Sr, Be Ions) atomic clocks, and specially designed parts and components therefor;


    10. Attitude determination and control systems, and specially designed parts and components therefor, that provide a spacecraft's geolocation accuracy, without using Ground Location Points, better than or equal to:


      1. 5 meters (CE90) from low earth orbit (LEO);


      2. 30 meters (CE90) from medium earth orbit (MEO);


      3. 150 meters (CE90) from geosynchronous orbit (GEO); or


      4. 225 meters (CE90) from high earth orbit (HEO);


    11. Space-based systems, and specially designed parts and components therefor, as follows:


      1. Nuclear reactors and associated power conversion systems (e.g., liquid metal or gas-cooled fast reactors);


      2. Radioisotope-based power systems (e.g., radioisotope thermoelectric generators);


      3. Nuclear thermal propulsion systems (e.g., solid core, liquid core, gas core fission); or


      4. Electric (Plasma/Ion) propulsion systems that provide a thrust greater than 300 milli- Newtons and a specific impulse greater than 1,500 sec; or that operate at an input power of more than 15kW;


    12. Thrusters (e.g., spacecraft or rocket engines) using bi-propellants or mono-propellant that provide greater than 150 lbf (i.e., 667.23 N) vacuum thrust (MT for rocket motors or engines having a total impulse capacity equal to or greater than 8.41 × 10^5 newton seconds);


    13. Control moment gyroscope (CMG) specially designed for spacecraft;


    14. Space-qualified monolithic microwave integrated circuits (MMIC) that combine transmit and receive (T/R) functions on a single die as follows:


      1. Having a power amplifier with maximum saturated peak output power (in watts), Psat, greater than 200 divided by the maximum operating frequency (in GHz) squared [Psat >200 W*GHz2/fGHz2]; or

        (ii) Having a common path (e.g., phase shifter-digital attenuator) circuit with greater than 3 bits phase shifting at operating frequencies 10 GHz or below, or greater than 4 bits phase shifting at operating frequencies above 10 GHz;


    15. Space-qualified oscillator for radar in paragraph (a) of this category with phase noise less than

      −120 dBc/Hz + (20 log10(RF) (in GHz)) measured at 2 KHz*RF (in GHz) from carrier;


    16. Space-qualified star tracker or star sensor with angular accuracy less than or equal to 1 arcsec (1-Sigma) per star coordinate, and a tracking rate equal to or greater than 3.0 deg/sec, and specially designed parts and components therefor (MT);


*(17) Primary, secondary, or hosted payload that performs any of the functions described in paragraph (a) of this category;


NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (e)(17): Primary payload is that complement of equipment designed from the outset to accomplish the prime mission function of the spacecraft payload mission set. The primary payload may operate independently from the secondary payload(s). Secondary payload is that complement of equipment designed from the outset to be fully integrated into the spacecraft payload mission set. The secondary payload may operate separately from the primary payload. Hosted payload is a complement of equipment or sensors that uses the available or excess capacity (mass, volume, power, etc.) of a spacecraft to accommodate an additional, independent mission. The hosted payload may share the spacecraft bus support infrastructure. The hosted payload performs an additional, independent mission which does not dictate control or operation of the spacecraft. A hosted payload is not capable of operating as an independent spacecraft. Spacecraft bus (distinct from the spacecraft payload), provides the support infrastructure of the spacecraft (e.g., command and data handling, communications and antenna(s), electrical power, propulsion, thermal control, attitude and orbit control, guidance, navigation and control, structure and truss, life support (for crewed mission)) and location (e.g., attachment, interface) for the spacecraft payload. Spacecraft payload is that complement of equipment attached to the spacecraft bus that performs a particular mission in space (e.g., communications, observation, science).


NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (e)(17): An ECCN 9A004 or ECCN 9A515.a spacecraft remains a spacecraft subject to the EAR even when incorporating a hosted payload performing a function described in paragraph (a) of this category. All spacecraft that incorporate primary or secondary payloads that perform a function described in paragraph (a) of this category are controlled by that paragraph. This paragraph does not control primary or secondary payloads of the James Webb Space Telescope, which are subject to the EAR.


*(18) Secondary or hosted payload, and specially designed parts and components therefor, developed with Department of Defense-funding;


NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (e)(18): This paragraph does not control payloads that are (a) determined to be subject to the EAR via a commodity jurisdiction determination (see §120.4 of this subchapter), or (b) identified in the relevant Department of Defense contract or other funding authorization or agreement as being developed for both military and either civil or commercial applications.


NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (e)(18): This paragraph is applicable only to those contracts or funding authorizations or agreements that are dated May 13, 2015, or later.


  1. Spacecraft heat shields or heat sinks specially designed for atmospheric entry or re-entry, and specially designed parts and components therefor (MT if usable in rockets, SLVs, missiles, drones, or UAVs capable of delivering a payload of at least 500 kg to a range of at least 300 km);


    NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (e)(19): “Payload” is the total mass that can be carried or delivered by the specified rocket, SLV, missile, drone, or UAV that is not used to maintain flight. For definition of “range” as it pertains to aircraft systems, see note to paragraph (a) of USML Category VIII. For definition of “range” as it pertains to rocket systems, see note 1 to paragraph (a) of USML Category IV.

  2. Equipment modules, stages, or compartments that incorporate propulsion systems described in paragraph

(e) of this category or Category IV(d)(1)-(6) of this section, and can be separated or jettisoned from another spacecraft; or


*(21) Any part, component, accessory, attachment, equipment, or system that:


  1. Is classified;


  2. Contains classified software; or


  3. Is being developed using classified information.


NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (e)(21): “Classified” means classified pursuant to Executive Order 13526, or predecessor order, and a security classification guide developed pursuant thereto or equivalent, or to the corresponding classification rules of another government or international organization.


NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (e): Parts, components, accessories, attachments, equipment, or systems specially designed for spacecraft or other articles enumerated in this category but not listed in paragraph (e) are subject to the EAR.


NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (e): The articles described in this paragraph are subject to the EAR when, prior to export, reexport, retransfer, or temporary import, they are integrated into and included as an integral part of an item subject to the EAR (see note 2 to paragraph (e)(17) of this category). Articles do not become subject to the EAR until integrated into the item subject to the EAR. Export, reexport, retransfer, or temporary import of, and technical data and defense services directly related to defense articles intended to be integrated remain subject to the ITAR.


NOTE 3 TO PARAGRAPH (e): For the purposes of this paragraph, an article is space-qualified if it is designed, manufactured, or qualified through successful testing, for operation at altitudes greater than 100 km above the surface of the Earth. The use of an altitude of 100 km above the surface of the Earth in this paragraph does not represent a legal demarcation between national air space and outer space under United States or international law.


NOTE 4 TO PARAGRAPH (e): (1) A determination that a specific article (or commodity) (e.g., by product serial number) is space-qualified by virtue of testing alone does not mean that other articles in the same production run or model series are space-qualified if not individually tested. (2) “Article” is synonymous with “commodity,” as defined in EAR §772.1. (3) A specific article not designed or manufactured for use at altitudes greater than 100 km above the surface of the Earth is not space-qualified before it is successfully tested. (4) The terms “designed” and “manufactured” in this definition are synonymous with “specially designed.”


(f) Technical data (see §120.10 of this subchapter) and defense services (see §120.9 of this subchapter) directly related to the defense articles described in paragraphs (a) through (e) of this category and classified technical data directly related to items controlled in ECCNs 9A515, 9B515, or 9D515 and defense services using the classified technical data. Defense services include the furnishing of assistance (including training) in the integration of a satellite or spacecraft to a launch vehicle, including both planning and onsite support, regardless of the jurisdiction, ownership, or origin of the satellite or spacecraft, or whether technical data is used. It also includes the furnishing of assistance (including training) in the launch failure analysis of a satellite or spacecraft, regardless of the jurisdiction, ownership, or origin of the satellite of spacecraft, or whether technical data is used. (See §125.4 of this subchapter for exemptions, and §124.15 of this subchapter for special export controls for satellites and satellite launches.) (MT for technical data and defense services related to articles designated as such.)


NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (f): The technical data control of this paragraph does not apply to certain technical data directly related to articles described in paragraphs (c) or (e) of this category when such articles are integrated into and included as an integral part of a satellite subject to the EAR. For controls in these circumstances, see ECCN 9E515. This only applies to that level of technical data (including marketing data) necessary and

reasonable for a purchaser to have assurance that a U.S. built item intended to operate in space has been designed, manufactured, and tested in conformance with specified contract requirements (e.g., operational performance, reliability, lifetime, product quality, or delivery expectations) as well as data necessary for normal orbit satellite operations, to evaluate in-orbit anomalies, and to operate and maintain associated ground station equipment (except encryption hardware).


NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (f): Activities and technology/technical data directly related to or required for the spaceflight (e.g., sub-orbital, orbital, lunar, interplanetary, or otherwise beyond Earth orbit) passenger or participant experience, regardless of whether the passenger or participant experience is for space tourism, scientific or commercial research, commercial manufacturing/production activities, educational, media, or commercial transportation purposes, are not subject to the ITAR or the EAR. Such activities and technology/technical data include those directly related to or required for: (a) Spacecraft access, ingress, and egress, including the operation of all spacecraft doors, hatches, and airlocks; (b) physiological training

(e.g., human-rated centrifuge training or parabolic flights, pressure suit or spacesuit training/operation); (c) medical evaluation or assessment of the spaceflight passenger or participant; (d) training for and operation by the passenger or participant of health and safety related hardware (e.g., seating, environmental control and life support, hygiene facilities, food preparation, exercise equipment, fire suppression, communications equipment, safety-related clothing or headgear) or emergency procedures; (e) viewing of the interior and exterior of the spacecraft or terrestrial mock-ups; (f) observing spacecraft operations (e.g., pre-flight checks, landing, in-flight status); (g) training in spacecraft or terrestrial mock-ups for connecting to or operating passenger or participant equipment used for purposes other than operating the spacecraft; or (h) donning, wearing, or utilizing the passenger's or participant's flight suit, pressure suit, or spacesuit, and personal equipment.


NOTE 3 TO PARAGRAPH (f): Paragraph (f) and ECCNs 9E001, 9E002 and 9E515 do not control the data transmitted to or from a satellite or spacecraft, whether real or simulated, when limited to information about the health, operational status, or measurements or function of, or raw sensor output from, the spacecraft, spacecraft payload(s), or its associated subsystems or components. Such information is not within the scope of information captured within the definition of technology in the EAR for purposes of Category 9 Product Group E. Examples of such information, which are commonly referred to as “housekeeping data,” include (i) system, hardware, component configuration, and operation status information pertaining to temperatures, pressures, power, currents, voltages, and battery charges; (ii) spacecraft or payload orientation or position information, such as state vector or ephemeris information; (iii) payload raw mission or science output, such as images, spectra, particle measurements, or field measurements; (iv) command responses; (v) accurate timing information; and (vi) link budget data. The act of processing such telemetry data—i.e., converting raw data into engineering units or readable products—or encrypting it does not, in and of itself, cause the telemetry data to become subject to the ITAR or to ECCN 9E515 for purposes of 9A515, or to ECCNs 9E001 or 9E002 for purposes of 9A004. All classified technical data directly related to items controlled in USML Category XV or ECCNs 9A515, and defense services using the classified technical data, remains subject to the ITAR. This note does not affect controls in USML XV(f), ECCN 9D515, or ECCN 9E515 on software source code or commands that control a spacecraft, payload, or associated subsystems for purposes of 9A515. This note also does not affect controls in ECCNs 9D001, 9D002, 9E001, or 9E002 on software source code or commands that control a spacecraft, payload, or associated subsystems for purposes of 9A004.


(g)-(w) [Reserved]


  1. Commodities, software, and technology subject to the EAR (see §120.42 of this subchapter) used in or with defense articles.


    NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (x): Use of this paragraph is limited to license applications for defense articles where the purchase documentation also includes commodities, software, or technology subject to the EAR (see §123.21(b) of this subchapter).

    Category XVI—Nuclear Weapons Related Articles


    1. [Reserved]


*(b) Modeling or simulation tools that model or simulate the environments generated by nuclear detonations or the effects of these environments on systems, subsystems, components, structures, or humans.


  1. [Reserved]


  2. Parts, components, accessories, attachments, associated equipment, and production, testing, and inspection equipment and tooling, specially designed for the articles in paragraph (b) of this category.


  3. Technical data (see §120.10 of this subchapter) and defense services (see §120.9 of this subchapter) directly related to the defense articles described in paragraph (b) of this category. (See §123.20 of this subchapter for nuclear related controls.)


(f)-(w) [Reserved]


  1. Commodities, software, and technical data subject to the EAR (see §120.42 of this subchapter) used in or with defense articles.


    NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (x): Use of this PARAGRAPH is limited to license applications for defense articles where the purchase documentation includes commodities, software, or technical data subject to the EAR (see §123.1(b) of this subchapter).


    Category XVII—Classified Articles, Technical Data, and Defense Services Not Otherwise Enumerated


    *(a) All articles, and technical data (see §120.10 of this subchapter) and defense services (see §120.9 of this subchapter) relating thereto, that are classified in the interests of national security and that are not otherwise enumerated on the U.S. Munitions List.


    Category XVIII—Directed Energy Weapons


    *(a) Directed energy weapons as follows:


    1. Systems or equipment that, other than as a result of incidental, accidental, or collateral effect:


      1. Degrade, destroy or cause mission-abort of a target;


      2. Disturb, disable, or damage electronic circuitry, sensors or explosive devices remotely;


      3. Deny area access;


      4. Cause lethal effects; or


      5. Cause ocular disruption or blindness; and


    2. Use any non-acoustic technique such as lasers (including continuous wave or pulsed lasers), particle beams, particle accelerators that project a charged or neutral particle beam, high power radio-frequency (RF), or high pulsed power or high average power radio frequency beam transmitters.

*(b) Systems or equipment specially designed to detect, identify, or provide defense against articles specified in paragraph (a) of this category.


(c)-(d) [Reserved]


  1. Components, parts, accessories, attachments, systems or associated equipment specially designed for any of the articles in paragraphs (a) or (b) of this category.


  2. Developmental directed energy weapons funded by the Department of Defense via contract or other funding authorization, and specially designed parts and components therefor;


    NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (f): This paragraph does not control directed energy weapons (a) in production, (b) determined to be subject to the EAR via a commodity jurisdiction determination (see §120.4 of this subchapter), or (c) identified in the relevant Department of Defense contract or other funding authorization as being developed for both civil and military applications.


    NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (f): Note 1 does not apply to defense articles enumerated on the USML, whether in production or development.


    NOTE 3 TO PARAGRAPH (f): This paragraph is applicable only to those contracts and funding authorizations that are dated July 28, 2017, or later.


  3. Technical data (see §120.10 of this subchapter) and defense services (as defined in §120.9 of this subchapter) directly related to the defense articles enumerated in paragraphs (a) through (e) of this category;


  1. Commodities, software, and technology subject to the EAR (see §120.42 of this subchapter) used in or with defense articles controlled in this category.


    NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (X): Use of this paragraph is limited to license applications for defense articles controlled in this category where the purchase documentation includes commodities, software, or technology subject to the EAR (see §123.1(b) of this subchapter).


    Category XIX—Gas Turbine Engines and Associated Equipment


    *(a) Turbofan and Turbojet engines (including those that are technology demonstrators, developmental engines, or variable cycle engines) capable of 15,000 lbf (66.7 kN) of thrust or greater that have any of the following:


    1. with or specially designed for thrust augmentation (afterburner);


    2. thrust or exhaust nozzle vectoring;


    3. parts or components controlled in paragraph (f)(6) of this category;


    4. specially designed for sustained 30 second inverted flight or negative g maneuver; or


    5. specially designed for high power extraction (greater than 50 percent of engine thrust at altitude) at altitudes greater than 50,000 feet.

*(b) Turboshaft and Turboprop engines (including those that are technology demonstrators or developmental engines) that have any of the following:


  1. Capable of 2000 mechanical shp (1491 kW) or greater and specially designed with oil sump sealing when the engine is in the vertical position; or


  2. Capable of a specific power of 225 shp/(lbm/sec) or greater and specially designed for armament gas ingestion and non-civil transient maneuvers, where specific power is defined as maximum takeoff shaft horsepower (shp) divided by compressor inlet flow (lbm/sec).


*(c) Gas turbine engines (including technology demonstrators, developmental engines, and variable cycle engines) specially designed for unmanned aerial vehicle systems controlled in this subchapter, cruise missiles, or target drones (MT if for an engine used in an aircraft, excluding manned aircraft, or missile that has a “range” equal to or greater than 300 km).


*(d) GE38, AGT1500, CTS800, MT7, T55, HPW3000, GE3000, T408, and T700 engines.


NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (d): Engines subject to the control of this paragraph are licensed by the Department of Commerce when incorporated in an aircraft subject to the EAR and controlled under ECCN 9A610. Such engines are subject to the controls of the ITAR in all other circumstances.


*(e) Digital engine control systems (e.g., Full Authority Digital Engine Controls (FADEC) and Digital Electronic Engine Controls (DEEC)) specially designed for gas turbine engines controlled in this category (MT if the digital engine control system is for an aircraft, excluding manned aircraft, or missile that has a range equal to or greater than 300 km).


NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (e): Digital electronic control systems autonomously control the engine throughout its whole operating range from demanded engine start until demanded engine shut-down, in both normal and fault conditions.


  1. Parts, components, accessories, attachments, associated equipment, and systems as follows:


    1. Parts, components, accessories, and attachments specially designed for the following U.S.-origin engines (and military variants thereof): F101, F107, F112, F118, F119, F120, F135, F136, F414, F415, and J402;


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (f)(1): This paragraph does not control parts, components, accessories, and attachments that are common to engines enumerated in paragraph (a) through (d) of this category but not identified in paragraph (f)(1), and those identified in paragraph (f)(1). For example, a part common to only the F110 and F136 is not specially designed for purposes of this paragraph. A part common to only the F119 and F135—two engine models identified in paragraph (f)(1)—is specially designed for purposes of this paragraph, unless one of the other paragraphs is applicable under §120.41(b).


      *(2) Hot section components (i.e., combustion chambers and liners; high pressure turbine blades, vanes, disks and related cooled structure; cooled intermediate pressure turbine blades, vanes, disks and related cooled structures; cooled low pressure turbine blades, vanes, disks and related cooled structures; cooled shaft-driving power turbine blades, vanes, disks and related cooled structures; cooled augmenters; and cooled nozzles) specially designed for gas turbine engines controlled in this category;


      1. Uncooled turbine blades, vanes, disks, and tip shrouds specially designed for gas turbine engines controlled in this category;


      2. Combustor cowls, diffusers, domes, and shells specially designed for gas turbine engines controlled in this category;

      3. Engine monitoring systems (i.e., prognostics, diagnostics, and health) specially designed for gas turbine engines and components controlled in this category;


        *(6) Any part, component, accessory, attachment, equipment, or system that:


        1. is classified;


        2. contains classified software directly related to defense articles in this subchapter or 600 series items subject to the EAR; or


        3. is being developed using classified information.


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (f)(6): “Classified” means classified pursuant to Executive Order 13526, or predecessor order, and a security classification guide developed pursuant thereto or equivalent, or to the corresponding classification rules of another government or international organization; or


      1. Investment casting cores, core dies, or wax pattern dies for parts or components enumerated in paragraphs (f)(1), (f)(2), or (f)(3) of this category;


      2. Pressure gain combustors specially designed for engines controlled in this category, and specially designed parts and components therefor;


      3. Three-stream fan systems, specially designed for gas turbine engines controlled in this Category, that allow the movement of airflow between the streams to control fan pressure ratio or bypass ratio (by means other than use of fan corrected speed or the primary nozzle area to change the fan pressure ratio or bypass ratio), and specially designed parts, components, accessories, and attachments therefor;


      4. High pressure compressors, specially designed for gas turbine engines controlled in this Category, with core-driven bypass streams that have a pressure ratio greater than one, occurring across any section of the bypass duct, and specially designed parts, components, accessories, and attachments therefor;


      5. Intermediate compressors of a three-spool compression system, specially designed for gas turbine engines controlled in this Category, with an intermediate spool-driven bypass stream that has a pressure ratio greater than one, occurring across any section of the bypass duct, and specially designed parts, components, accessories, and attachments therefor; or


      6. Any of the following equipment if specially designed for a defense article described in paragraph (f)(1): Jigs, locating fixtures, templates, gauges, molds, dies, caul plates, or bellmouths.


  2. Technical data (see §120.10 of this subchapter) and defense services (see §120.9 of this subchapter) directly related to the defense articles described in paragraphs (a) through (f) of this category and classified technical data directly related to items controlled in ECCNs 9A619, 9B619, 9C619, and 9D619 and defense services using the classified technical data. (See §125.4 of this subchapter for exemptions.) (MT for technical data and defense services related to articles designated as such.)


(h)-(w) [Reserved]

(x) Commodities, software, and technology subject to the EAR (see §120.42 of this subchapter) used in or with defense articles controlled in this category.


NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (x): Use of this paragraph is limited to license applications for defense articles controlled in this category where the purchase documentation includes commodities, software, or technology subject to the EAR (see §123.1(b) of this subchapter).


image

Category XX—Submersible Vessels and Related Articles Oceanographic and Associated Equipment


(a) Submersible and semi-submersible vessels that are:


*(1) Submarines specially designed for military use;


    1. Mine countermeasure vehicles;


    2. Anti-submarine warfare vehicles;


    3. Armed or are specially designed to be used as a platform to deliver munitions or otherwise destroy or incapacitate targets (e.g., firing torpedoes, launching rockets, firing missiles, deploying mines, deploying countermeasures) or deploy military payloads;


    4. Swimmer delivery vehicles specially designed for the deployment, recovery, or support of swimmers or divers from submarines;


    5. Integrated with nuclear propulsion systems;


    6. Equipped with any mission systems controlled under this subchapter; or


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (a)(7): “Mission system” is defined as a “system” (see §120.45(g) of this subchapter) that are defense articles that perform specific military functions such as by providing military communication, electronic warfare, target designation, surveillance, target detection, or sensor capabilities.


    7. Developmental vessels funded by the Department of Defense via contract or other funding authorization.


NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (a)(8): This paragraph does not control vessels, and specially designed parts, components, accessories, attachments, and associated equipment therefor, (a) in production, (b) determined to be subject to the EAR via a commodity jurisdiction determination (see §120.4 of this subchapter) or (c) identified in the relevant Department of Defense contract or other funding authorization as being developed for both civil and military applications.


NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (a)(8): Note 1 does not apply to defense articles enumerated on the U.S. Munitions List, whether in production or development.


NOTE 3 TO PARAGRAPH (a)(8): This provision is applicable to those contracts and funding authorizations that are dated July 8, 2014, or later.


*(b) Engines, electric motors, and propulsion plants as follows:


  1. Naval nuclear propulsion plants and prototypes, and special facilities for construction, support, and maintenance therefor (see §123.20 of this subchapter);

  2. Electric motors specially designed for submarines that have the following:


    1. Power output of more than 0.75 MW (1,000 hp);


    2. Quick reversing;


    3. Liquid cooled; and


    4. Totally enclosed.


  1. Parts, components, accessories, attachments, and associated equipment, including production, testing, and inspection equipment and tooling, specially designed for any of the articles in paragraphs

    1. and (b) of this category (MT for launcher mechanisms specially designed for rockets, space launch vehicles, or missiles capable of achieving a range greater than or equal to 300 km).


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (c): “Range” is the maximum distance that the specified rocket system is capable of traveling in the mode of stable flight as measured by the projection of its trajectory over the surface of the Earth. The maximum capability based on the design characteristics of the system, when fully loaded with fuel or propellant, will be taken into consideration in determining range. The range for rocket systems will be determined independently of any external factors such as operational restrictions, limitations imposed by telemetry, data links, or other external constraints. For rocket systems, the range will be determined using the trajectory that maximizes range, assuming International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) standard atmosphere with zero wind.


  2. Technical data (see §120.10 of this subchapter) and defense services (see §120.9 of this subchapter) directly related to the defense articles described in paragraphs (a) through (c) of this category. (MT for technical data and defense services related to articles designated as such.) (See §125.4 of this subchapter for exemptions.)


(e)-(w) [Reserved]


(x) Commodities, software, and technical data subject to the EAR (see §120.42 of this subchapter) used in or with defense articles.


NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (x): Use of this paragraph is limited to license applications for defense articles where the purchase documentation includes commodities, software, or technical data subject to the EAR (see §123.1(b) of this subchapter).


Category XXI—Articles, Technical Data, and Defense Services Not Otherwise Enumerated


*(a) Any article not enumerated on the U.S. Munitions List may be included in this category until such time as the appropriate U.S. Munitions List category is amended. The decision on whether any article may be included in this category, and the designation of the defense article as not Significant Military Equipment (see §120.7 of this subchapter), shall be made by the Director, Office of Defense Trade Controls Policy.


(b) Technical data (see §120.10 of this subchapter) and defense services (see §120.9 of this subchapter) directly related to the defense articles covered in paragraph (a) of this category.


[58 FR 39287, July 22, 1993]


EDITORIAL NOTES:

1 For FEDERAL REGISTER citations affecting §121.1, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the printed volume and at www.fdsys.gov.

2 At 79 FR 61228, Oct. 10, 2014, §121.1 was amended by removing the word “enumerated” and adding in its place the word “described” in one place in Note 1 to paragraph (i) of Category VI; however, the amendment could not be incorporated because of the inaccurate amendatory instruction.


§§121.2 - 121.15 [Reserved]


§121.16 Missile Technology Control Regime Annex.


Some of the items on the Missile Technology Control Regime Annex are controlled by both the Department of Commerce on the Commodity Control List and by the Department of State on the United States Munitions List. To the extent an article is on the United States Munitions List, a reference appears in parentheses listing the U.S. Munitions List category in which it appears. The following items constitute all items on the Missile Technology Control Regime Annex which are covered by the U.S. Munitions List:


ITEM 1—CATEGORY I


Complete rocket systems (including ballistic missile systems, space launch vehicles, and sounding rockets (see §121.1, Cat. IV(a) and (b))) and unmanned air vehicle systems (including cruise missile systems, see §121.1, Cat. VIII (a), target drones and reconnaissance drones (see §121.1, Cat. VIII (a))) capable of delivering at least a 500 kg payload to a range of at least 300 km.


ITEM 2—CATEGORY I


Complete subsystems usable in the systems in Item 1 as follows:


  1. Individual rocket stages (see §121.1, Cat. IV(h));


  2. Reentry vehicles (see §121.1, Cat. IV(g)), and equipment designed or modified therefor, as follows, except as provided in Note (1) below for those designed for non-weapon payloads;


    1. Heat shields and components thereof fabricated of ceramic or ablative materials (see §121.1, Cat. IV(f));


    2. Heat sinks and components thereof fabricated of light-weight, high heat capacity materials;


    3. Electronic equipment specially designed for reentry vehicles (see §121.1, Cat. XI(a)(7));


  3. Solid or liquid propellant rocket engines, having a total impulse capacity of 1.1 × 10 N-sec (2.5 × 10 lb-sec) or greater (see §121.1, Cat. IV, (h)).


  4. “Guidance sets” capable of achieving system accuracy of 3.33 percent or less of the range (e.g., a CEP of 1 j,. or less at a range of 300 km), except as provided in Note (1) below for those designed for missiles with a range under 300 km or manned aircraft (see §121.1, Cat. XII(d));


  5. Thrust vector control sub-systems, except as provided in Note (1) below for those designed for rocket systems that do not exceed the range/payload capability of Item 1 (see §121.1, Cat. IV);


  6. Warhead safing, arming, fuzing, and firing mechanisms, except as provided in Note (1) below for those designed for systems other than those in Item 1 (see §121.1, Cat. IV(h)).


    NOTES TO ITEM 2

    1. The exceptions in (b), (d), (e), and (f) above may be treated as Category II if the subsystem is exported subject to end use statements and quantity limits appropriate for the excepted end use stated above.

    2. CEP (circle of equal probability) is a measure of accuracy, and defined as the radius of the circle centered at the target, at a specific range, in which 50 percent of the payloads impact.

    3. A “guidance set” integrates the process of measuring and computing a vehicle's position and velocity (i.e., navigation) with that of computing and sending commands to the vehicle's flight control systems to correct the trajectory.

    4. Examples of methods of achieving thrust vector control which are covered by (e) include:

      1. Flexible nozzle;

      2. Fluid or secondary gas injection;

      3. Movable engine or nozzle;

      4. Deflection of exhaust gas stream (jet vanes or probes); or

      5. Use of thrust tabs.


ITEM 3—CATEGORY II


Propulsion components and equipment usable in the systems in Item 1, as follows:


  1. Lightweight turbojet and turbofan engines (including) turbocompound engines) that are small and fuel efficient (see §121.1, both Cat. IV(h) and VIII(b));


  2. Ramjet/Scramjet/pulse jet/combined cycle engines, including devices to regulate combustion, and specially designed components therefor (see §121.1, both Cat. IV(h) and Cat. VIII(b));


  3. Rocket motor cases, “interior lining”, “insulation” and nozzles therefor (see §121.1, Cat. IV(h) and Cat. V(c));


  4. Staging mechanisms, separation mechanisms, and interstages therefor (see §121.1, Cat. IV(c) and (h));


  5. Liquid and slurry propellant (including oxidizers) control systems, and specially designed components therefor, designed or modified to operate in vibration environments of more than 100 g RMS between 20 Hz and,000 Hz (see §121.1, Cat. IV(c) and (h)); 1


  6. Hybrid rocket motors and specially designed components therefor (see §121.1, Cat. IV(h)).


    NOTES TO ITEM 3

    1. Item 3(a) engines may be exported as part of a manned aircraft or in quantities appropriate for replacement parts for manned aircraft.

    2. In Item 3(C), “interior lining” suited for the bond interface between the solid propellant and the case or insulating liner is usually a liquid polymer based dispersion of refractory or insulating materials, e.g., carbon filled HTPB or other polymer with added curing agents to be sprayed or screeded over a case interior (see

      §121.1, Cat. V(c)).

    3. In Item 3(c), “insulation” intended to be applied to the components of a rocket motor, i.e., the case, nozzle inlets, case closures, includes cured or semi-cured compounded rubber sheet stock containing an insulating or refractory material. It may also be incorporated as stress relief boots or flaps.

    4. The only servo valves and pumps covered in (e) above, are the following:



      image

      1 Note by Exports International USA, LLC: This odd construction, which we have put in blue font for emphasis, “100 g RMS between 20 Hz and,000 Hz”, seems to be an error that is never caught, going back to at least the 2005 ITAR. The actual source of this phrase is found at 3.A.5 in the MTCR, and it reads: “Liquid, slurry and gel propellant (including oxidisers) control systems, and specially designed components therefor, usable in the systems specified in 1.A., designed or modified to operate in vibration environments greater than 10 g rms between 20 Hz and 2 kHz.

      1. Servo valves designed for flow rates of 24 liters per minute or greater, at an absolute pressure of 7,000 kPa (1,000 psi) or greater, that have an actuator response time of less than 100 msec;

      2. Pumps, for liquid propellants, with shaft speeds equal to or greater than 8,000 RPM or with discharge pressures equal to or greater than 7,000 kPa (1,000 psi).

    5. Item 3(e) systems and components may be exports as part of a satellite.


ITEM 4—CATEGORY II


Propellants and constituent chemicals for propellants as follows:


  1. Propulsive substances:


    1. Hydrazine with a concentration of more than 70 percent and its derivatives including monomethylhydrazine (MMH);


    2. Unsymmetric dimethylhydrazine (UDHM);


    3. Ammonium perchlorate;


    4. Sphercical aluminum powder with particle of uniform diameter of less than 500 × 10−6M (500 microns) and an aluminum content of 97 percent or greater;


    5. Metal fuels in particle sizes less than 500 × 10−6M (500 microns), whether spherical, atomized, spheriodal, flaked or ground, consisting of 97 percent or more of any of the following: zirconium, beryllium, boron, magnesium, zinc, and alloys of these;


    6. Nitroamines (cyclotetramethylenetetranitramene (HMX), cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine (RDX);


    7. Percholrates, chlorates or chromates mixed with powdered metals or other high energy fuel components;


    8. Carboranes, decaboranes, pentaboranes and derivatives thereof;


    9. Liquid oxidizers, as follows:


      1. Nitrogen dioxide/dinitrogen tetroxide;


      2. Inhibited Red Fuming Nitric Acid (IRFNA);


      3. Compounds composed of fluorine and one or more of other halogens, oxygen or nitrogen.


  2. Polymeric substances:


    1. Hydroxyterminated polybutadiene (HTPB);


    2. Glycidylazide polymer (GAP).


  3. Other high energy density propellants such a Boron Slurry having an energy density of 40 × 10 joules/kg or greater.

  4. Other propellants additives and agents:


    1. Bonding agents as follows:


      1. Tris (1(2methyl)aziridinyl phosphine oxide (MAPO);


      2. Trimesol 1(2)ethyl)aziridine (HX868, BITA);


      3. “Tepanol” (HX878), reaction product of tetraethylenepentamine, acrylonitrile and glycidol;


      4. “Tepan” (HX879), reaction product of tet enepentamine and acrylonitrile;


      5. Polyfunctional aziridene amides with isophthalic, trimesic, isocyanuric, or trimethyladipic backbone also having a 2methyl or 2ethyl aziridine group (HX752, HX872 and HX877).


    2. Curing agents and catalysts as follows:


      1. Triphenyl bismuth (TPB);


      2. Burning rate modifiers as follows:


      3. Catocene;


      4. Nbutylferrocene;


      5. Other ferrocene derivatives.


    3. Nitrate esters and nitrato plasticizers as follows:


      1. 1,2,4butanetriol trinitrate (BTTN).


    4. Stabilizers as follows:


      1. Nmethylpnitroaniline.


ITEM 8—CATEGORY II


Structural materials usable in the systems in Item 1, as follows:


  1. Composite structures, laminates, and manufactures thereof, including resin impregnated fibre prepregs and metal coated fibre preforms therefor, specially designed for use in the systems in Item 1 and the subsystems in Item 2 made either with organix matrix or metal matrix utilizing fibrous or filamentary reinforcements having a specific tensile strength greater than 7.62 × 104 m (3 × 106 inches) and a specific modules greater than 3.18×106 m (1.25 × 108 inches), (see §121.1,

    Category IV (f), and Category XIII (d));


  2. Resaturated pyrolized (i.e., carbon-carbon) materials designed for rocket systems, (see §121.1 Category IV (f));


  3. Fine grain recrystallized bulk graphites (with a bulk density of at least 1.72 g/cc measured at 15 degrees C), pyrolytic, or fibrous reinforced graphites useable for rocket nozzles and reentry vehicle nose tips (see §121.1, Category IV (f) and Category XIII;

  4. Ceramic composites materials (dielectric constant less than 6 at frequencies from 100 Hz to 10,000 MHz) for use in missile radomes, and bulk machinable silicon-carbide reinforced unfired ceramic useable for nose tips (see §121.1, Category IV (f));


ITEM 9—CATEGORY II


Instrumentation, navigation and direction finding equipment and systems, and associated production and test equipment as follows; and specially designed components and software therefor:


  1. Integrated flight instrument systems, which include gyrostabilizers or automatic pilots and integration software therefor; designed or modified for use in the systems in Item 1 (See §121.1, Category XII(d));


  2. Gyro-astro compasses and other devices which derive position or orientation by means of automatically tracking celestial bodies or satellites (see §121.1, Category XV(d));


  3. Accelerometers with a threshold of 0.05 g or less, or a linearity error within 0.25 percent of full scale output, or both, which are designed for use in inertial navigation systems or in guidance systems of all types (see §121.1, Category VIII(e) and Category XII (d));


  4. All types of gyros usable in the systems in Item 1, with a rated drift rate stability of less than 0.5 degree (1 sigma or rms) per hour in a 1 q environment (see §121.1, Category VIII(e) and Category XII(d));


  5. Continuous output accelerometers or gyros of any type, specified to function at acceleration levels greater than 100 g (see §121.1, Category XII(d));


  6. Inertial or other equipment using accelerometers described by subitems (c) and (e) above, and systems incorporating such equipment, and specially designed integration software therefor (see

    §121.1, Category VIII (e) and Category XII(d));


    NOTES TO ITEM 9

    1. Items (a) through (f) may be exported as part of a manned aircraft or satellite or in quantities appropriate for replacement parts for manned aircraft.

    2. In subitem (d):

      1. Drift rate is defined as the time rate of output deviation from the desired output. It consists of random and systematic components and is expressed as an equivalent angular displacement per unit time with respect to inertial space.

      2. Stability is defined as standard deviation (1 sigma) of the variation of a particular parameter from its calibrated value measured under stable temperature conditions. This can be expressed as a function of time.


ITEM 10—CATEGORY II


Flight control systems and “technology” as follows; designed or modified for the systems in Item 1.


  1. Hydraulic, mechanical, electro-optical, or electro-mechanical flight control systems (including fly-by-wire systems), (see §121.1, Category IV (h));


  2. Attitude control equipment, (see §121.1, Category IV, (c) and (h));

  3. Design technology for integration of air vehicle fuselage, propulsion system and lifting control surfaces to optimize aerodynamic performance throughout the flight regime of an unmanned air vehicle, (see §121.1, Category VIII (k));


  4. Design technology for integration of the flight control, guidance, and propulsion data into a flight management system for optimization of rocket system trajectory, (see §121.1, Category IV (i)).


NOTE TO ITEM 10


Items (a) and (b) may be exported as part of a manned aircraft or satellite or in quantities appropriate for replacement parts for manned aircraft.


ITEM 11—CATEGORY II


Avionics equipment, “technology” and components as follows; designed or modified for use in the systems in Item 1, and specially designed software therefor:


  1. Radar and laser radar systems, including altimeters (see §121.1, Category XI(a)(3));


  2. Passive sensors for determining bearings to specific electromagnetic sources (direction finding equipment) or terrain characteristics (see §121.1, Category XI(b) and (d));


  3. Global Positioning System (GPS) or similar satellite receivers;


    1. Capable of providing navigation information under the following operational conditions:


      1. At speeds in excess of 515 m/sec (1,000 nautical miles/hours); and


      2. At altitudes in excess of 18 km (60,000 feet), (see §121.1, Category XV(d)(2); or


    2. Designed or modified for use with unmanned air vehicles covered by Item 1 (see §121.1, Category XV(d)(4)).


  4. Electronic assemblies and components specifically designed for military use and operation at temperatures in excess of 125 degrees C, (see §121.1, Category XI(a)(7)).


  5. Design technology for protection of avionics and electrical subsystems against electromagnetic pulse (EMP) and electromagnetic interference (EMI) hazards from external sources, as follows, (see

    §121.1, Category XI (b)).


    1. Design technology for shielding systems;


    2. Design technology for the configuration of hardened electrical circuits and subsystems;


    3. Determination of hardening criteria for the above.


NOTES TO ITEM 11

  1. Item 11 equipment may be exported as part of a manned aircraft or satellite or in quantities appropriate for replacement parts for manned aircraft.

  2. Examples of equipment included in this Item:

    1. Terrain contour mapping equipment;

    2. Scene mapping and correlation (both digital and analog) equipment;

    3. Doppler navigation radar equipment;

    4. Passive interferometer equipment;

    5. Imaging sensor equipment (both active and passive);

  3. In subitem (a), laser radar systems embody specialized transmission, scanning, receiving and signal processing techniques for utilization of lasers for echo ranging, direction finding and discrimination of targets by location, radial speed and body reflection characteristics.


ITEM 12—CATEGORY II


Launch support equipment, facilities and software for the systems in Item 1, as follows:


  1. Apparatus and devices designed or modified for the handling, control, activation and launching of the systems in Item 1, (see §121.1, Category IV(c));


  2. Vehicles designed or modified for the transport, handling, control, activation and launching of the systems in Item 1, (see §121.1, Category VII(d));


  3. Telemetering and telecontrol equipment usable for unmanned air vehicles or rocket systems, (see

    §121.1, Category XI(a));


  4. Precision tracking systems:


    1. Tracking systems which use a translb nv 2 installed on the rocket system or unmanned air vehicle in conjunction with either surface or airborne references or navigation satellite systems to provide real-time measurements of in-flight position and velocity, (see §121.1, Category XI(a));


    2. Range instrumentation radars including associated optical/infrared trackers and the specially designed software therefor with all of the following capabilities (see §121.1, Category XI(a)(3)):


      1. angular resolution better than 3 milli-radians (0.5 mils);


      2. range of 30 km or greater with a range resolution better than 10 meters RMS;


      3. velocity resolution better than 3 meters per second.


    3. Software which processes post-flight, recorded data, enabling determination of vehicle position throughout its flight path (see §121.1, Category IV(i)).


ITEM 13—CATEGORY II


Analog computers, digital computers, or digital differential analyzers designed or modified for use in the systems in Item 1 (see §121.1, Category XI (a)(6), having either of the following characteristics:


  1. Rated for continuous operation at temperature from below minus 45 degrees C to above plus 55 degrees C; or


  2. Designed as ruggedized or “radiation hardened”.


image

2 This is another typo (blue font is from us at Exports International USA, LLC, not in the original) that has apparently escaped notice since at least the 2005 version of the ITAR. The term comes from 12.A.5 of the MTCR and should read, "code translator", not "translb nv".

NOTE TO ITEM 13


Item 13 equipment may be exported as part of a manned aircraft or satellite or in quantities appropriate for replacement parts for manned aircraft.


ITEM 14—CATEGORY II


Analog-to-digital converters, usable in the system in Item 1, having either of the following characteristics:


  1. Designed to meet military specifications for ruggedized equipment (see §121.1, Category XI(d)); or,


  2. Designed or modified for military use (see §121.1, Category XI(d)); and being one of the following types:


    1. Analog-to-digital converter “microcircuits,” which are “radiation hardened” or have all of the following characteristics:


      1. Having a resolution of 8 bits or more;


      2. Rated for operation in the temperature range from below minus 54 degrees C to above plus 125 degrees C; and


      3. Hermetically sealed.


    2. Electrical input type analog-to-digital converter printed circuit boards or modules, with all of the following characteristics:


      1. Having a resolution of 8 bits or more;


      2. Rated for operation in the temperature range from below minus 45 degrees C to above plus 55 degrees C; and


      3. Incorporated “microcircuits” listed in (1), above.


ITEM 15—CATEGORY II 3


ITEM 16—CATEGORY II


Specially designed software, or specially designed software with related specially designed hybrid (combined analog/digital) computers, for modeling, simulation, or design integration of the systems in Item 1 and Item 2 (see §121.1, Category IV(i) and Category XI(a)(6)).


NOTE TO ITEM 16

The modelling includes in particular the aerodynamic and thermodynamic analysis of the system.


image

3


"Item 15—Category II" is not contained in original. “Item 15-Category II” was excluded when the MTCR Annex was added to the ITAR in 1993, because the items in that category are subject to the EAR. See 58 FR 39280 (July 22, 1993). The items in that category are currently classified in ECCNs 2B116, 2D101, 9B105, 9D101, and in related technology ECCNs.

ITEM 17—CATEGORY II


Materials, devices, and specially designed software for reduced observables such as radar reflectivity, ultraviolet/infrared signatures on acoustic signatures (i.e., stealth technology), for applications usable for the systems in Item 1 or Item 2 (see §121.1, Category XIII (e) and (k)), for example:


  1. Structural material and coatings specially designed for reduced radar reflectivity;


  2. Coatings, including paints, specially designed for reduced or tailored reflectivity or emissivity in the microwave, infrared or ultraviolet spectra, except when specially used for thermal control of satellites.


  3. Specially designed software or databases for analysis of signature reduction.


  4. Specially designed radar cross section measurement systems (see §121.1, Category XI(a)(3)).


    ITEM 18—CATEGORY II

    Devices for use in protecting rocket systems and unmanned air vehicles against nuclear effects (e.g. Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP), X-rays, combined blast and thermal effects), and usable for the systems in Item 1, as follows (see §121.1, Category IV (c) and (h)):


    1. “Radiation Hardened” “microcircuits” and detectors (see §121.1, Category XI(c)(3) [sic] 4.

      Note: This commodity has been formally proposed for movement to category XV(e)(2) in the near future).


    2. Radomes designed to withstand a combined thermal shock greater than 1000 cal/sq cm accompanied by a peak over pressure of greater than 50 kPa (7 pounds per square inch) (see

§121.1, Category IV(h)).


NOTE TO ITEM 18(a)

A detector is defined as a mechanical, electrical, optical or chemical device that automatically identifies and records, or registers a stimulus such as an environmental change in pressure or temperature, an electrical or electromagnetic signal or radiation from a radioactive material. The following pages were removed from the final ITAR for replacement by DDTC's updated version §6(l) of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2405(l)), as amended. In accordance with this provision, the list of MTCR Annex items shall constitute all items on the U.S. Munitions List in §121.16.


[58 FR 39287, July 22, 1993, as amended at 71 FR 20539, Apr. 21, 2006; 80 FR 37975, July 2, 2015; 80 FR 78131, Dec. 16, 2015]


image

4 So in original, a mistake when there was no category XI(c)(3). Now one has been added, but does not seem to correlate with that which is described at the new XI(c)(3), so this Item 18(a) may still be in flux.

Title 22: Foreign Relations


PART 122—REGISTRATION OF MANUFACTURERS AND EXPORTERS


Contents

§122.1 Registration requirements.

§122.2 Submission of registration statement.

§122.3 Registration fees.

§122.4 Notification of changes in information furnished by registrants.

§122.5 Maintenance of records by registrants.


image


AUTHORITY: Sections 2 and 38, Pub. L. 90-629, 90 Stat. 744 (22 U.S.C. 2752, 2778); 22 U.S.C. 2651a; E.O. 13637,

78 FR 16129.


SOURCE: 58 FR 39298, July 22, 1993, unless otherwise noted.


§122.1 Registration requirements.


  1. Any person who engages in the United States in the business of manufacturing or exporting or temporarily importing defense articles, or furnishing defense services, is required to register with the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls under §122.2. For the purpose of this subchapter, engaging in such a business requires only one occasion of manufacturing or exporting or temporarily importing a defense article or furnishing a defense service. A manufacturer who does not engage in exporting must nevertheless register. (See part 129 of this subchapter for requirements for registration of persons who engage in brokering activities.)


  2. Exemptions. The registration requirements of paragraph (a) of this section do not apply to:


    1. Officers and employees of the U.S. Government acting in an official capacity;


    2. Persons whose pertinent business activity is confined to the production of unclassified technical data only;


    3. Persons all of whose manufacturing and export activities are licensed under the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended; or


    4. Persons who engage in the fabrication of articles solely for experimental or scientific purposes, including research and development.


      NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (b): Persons who qualify for the exemptions in paragraphs (b)(2) or (b)(4) of this section remain subject to the requirements for licenses or other approvals for exports of defense articles and defense services and may not receive an export license or approval unless registered under §122.2.


  3. Purpose. Registration is primarily a means to provide the U.S. Government with necessary information on who is involved in certain manufacturing and exporting activities. Registration does not confer any export rights or privileges. It is generally a precondition to the issuance of any license or other approval under this subchapter, unless an exception is granted by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls.


[78 FR 52686, Aug. 26, 2013]

§122.2 Submission of registration statement.


  1. General. An intended registrant must submit a Statement of Registration (Department of State form DS-2032) to the Office of Defense Trade Controls Compliance by following the submission guidelines available on the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls Web site at www.pmddtc.state.gov. The Statement of Registration must be signed by a U.S. person senior officer (e.g., chief executive officer, president, secretary, partner, member, treasurer, general counsel) who has been empowered by the intended registrant to sign such documents. The Statement of Registration may include subsidiaries and affiliates when more than 50 percent of the voting securities are owned by the registrant or the subsidiaries and affiliates are otherwise controlled by the registrant (see §120.40 of this subchapter). The intended registrant also shall submit documentation that demonstrates that it is incorporated or otherwise authorized to do business in the U.S. The Directorate of Defense Trade Controls will notify the registrant if the Statement of Registration is incomplete either by notifying the registrant of what information is required or through the return of the entire registration package. Registrants may not establish new entities for the purpose of reducing registration fees.


  2. Statement of Registration Certification. The Statement of Registration of the intended registrant shall include a certification by an authorized senior officer of the following:


    1. Whether the intended registrant or its parent, subsidiary, or other affiliate listed in the Statement of Registration, or any of its chief executive officers, presidents, vice presidents, secretaries, partners, members, other senior officers or officials (e.g., comptroller, treasurer, general counsel), or any member of the board of directors of the intended registrant, or of any parent, subsidiary, or other affiliate listed in the Statement of Registration:


      1. Has ever been indicted or otherwise charged (e.g., charged by criminal information in lieu of indictment) for or has been convicted of violating any U.S. criminal statutes enumerated in

        §120.27 of this subchapter or violating a foreign criminal law on exportation of defense articles where conviction of such law carries a minimum term of imprisonment of greater than 1 year; or


      2. Is ineligible to contract with, or to receive a license or other approval to import defense articles or defense services from, or to receive an export license or other approval from, any agency of the U.S. Government; and


    2. Whether the intended registrant is foreign owned or foreign controlled (see §120.37 of this subchapter). If the intended registrant is foreign owned or foreign controlled, the certification shall include an explanation of such ownership or control, including the identities of the foreign person or persons who ultimately own or control the registrant. This requirement applies to a registrant who is a U.S. person and is owned or controlled by a foreign person. It also applies to a registrant who is a foreign person and is owned or controlled by a foreign person from the same country or a foreign person from another country.


[76 FR 45197, July 28, 2011, as amended at 76 FR 76036, Dec. 6, 2011; 78 FR 52686, Aug. 26, 2013]


§122.3 Registration fees.


  1. Frequency of registration and fee. A person who is required to register must do so on an annual basis by submitting a completed Statement of Registration (form DS-2032) and payment of a fee following the payment guidelines available on the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls Web site

    at www.pmddtc.state.gov. For those renewing a registration, notice of the fee due for the next year's registration will be sent to the registrant of record at least 60 days prior to its expiration date.


  2. Expiration of registration. A registrant must submit its request for registration renewal at least 30 days but no earlier than 60 days prior to the expiration date.

  3. Lapse in registration. A registrant who fails to renew a registration and, after an intervening period, seeks to register again must pay registration fees for any part of such intervening period during which the registrant engaged in the business of manufacturing or exporting defense articles or defense services.


[58 FR 39298, July 22, 1993, as amended at 62 FR 27497, May 20, 1997; 69 FR 70889, Dec. 8, 2004; 70 FR 50959, Aug. 29, 2005;

73 FR 41259, July 18, 2008; 73 FR 55440, Sept. 25, 2008; 76 FR 45197, July 28, 2011; 78 FR 52687, Aug. 26, 2013]


§122.4 Notification of changes in information furnished by registrants.


  1. A registrant must, within five days of the event, provide to the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls a written notification, signed by a senior officer (e.g., chief executive officer, president, secretary, partner, member, treasurer, general counsel), if:


    1. Any of the persons referred to in §122.2(b) is indicted or otherwise charged (e.g., by criminal information in lieu of indictment) for or convicted of violating any of the U.S. criminal statutes enumerated in §120.27 of this subchapter or violating a foreign criminal law on exportation of defense articles where conviction of such law carries a minimum term of imprisonment of greater than 1 year, or becomes ineligible to contract with, or to receive a license or other approval to export or temporarily import defense articles or defense services from any agency of the U.S.

      Government; or


    2. There is a change in the following information contained in the Statement of Registration:

      1. Registrant's name;

      2. Registrant's address;

      3. Registrant's legal organization structure;

      4. Ownership or control;

      5. The establishment, acquisition, or divestment of a U.S. or foreign subsidiary or other affiliate who is engaged in manufacturing defense articles, exporting defense articles or defense services; or

      6. Board of directors, senior officers, partners, or owners.


        NOTE 1 TO PARAGRAPH (a): All other changes in the Statement of Registration must be provided as part of annual registration renewal.


        NOTE 2 TO PARAGRAPH (a): For one year from the effective date of the rule, “Amendment to the International Traffic in Arms Regulations: Registration and Licensing of Brokers, Brokering Activities, and Related Provisions,” RIN 1400-AC37, the following changes must be provided as part of the annual registration renewal: Pursuant to

        §129.3(d) of this subchapter, changes to combine an existing broker registration with an existing manufacturer/exporter registration; and pursuant to §122.2(a) of this subchapter, changes to an existing registration to remove partially owned and not otherwise controlled subsidiaries or affiliates, which are not the subject of an internal reorganization, merger, acquisition, or divestiture.


  2. A registrant must notify the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls by registered mail at least 60 days in advance of any intended sale or transfer to a foreign person of ownership or control of the registrant or any entity thereof. Such notice does not relieve the registrant from obtaining the approval required under this subchapter for the export of defense articles or defense services to a foreign person, including the approval required prior to disclosing technical data. Such notice provides the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls with the information necessary to determine whether the authority of §38(g)(6) of the Arms Export Control Act regarding licenses or other approvals for certain sales or transfers of defense articles or data on the U.S. Munitions List should be invoked (see

    §§120.10 and 126.1(e) of this subchapter).

  3. The new entity formed when a registrant merges with another company or acquires, or is acquired by, another company or a subsidiary or division of another company shall advise the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls of the following:

    1. The new firm name and all previous firm names being disclosed;

    2. The registration number that will survive and those that are to be discontinued (if any);

    3. The license numbers of all approvals on which unshipped balances will be shipped under the surviving registration number, since any license not the subject of notification will be considered invalid; and

    4. Amendments to agreements approved by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls to change the name of a party to those agreements. The registrant must provide to the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls a signed copy of such an amendment to each agreement signed by the new U.S. entity, the former U.S. licensor and the foreign licensee, within 60 days of this notification, unless an extension of time is approved by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. Any agreement not so amended may be considered invalid..


  4. Prior approval by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls is required for any amendment making a substantive change.


[58 FR 39298, July 22, 1993, as amended at 71 FR 20540, Apr. 21, 2006; 78 FR 52687, Aug. 26, 2013; 81 FR 87429, Dec. 5, 2016]


§122.5 Maintenance of records by registrants.


  1. A person who is required to register must maintain records concerning the manufacture, acquisition and disposition (to include copies of all documentation on exports using exemptions and applications and licenses and their related documentation), of defense articles; of technical data; the provision of defense services; brokering activities; and information on political contributions, fees, or commissions furnished or obtained, as required by part 130 of this subchapter. Records in an electronic format must be maintained using a process or system capable of reproducing all records on paper. Such records when displayed on a viewer, monitor, or reproduced on paper, must exhibit a high degree of legibility and readability. (For the purpose of this section, “legible” and “legibility” mean the quality of a letter or numeral that enables the observer to identify it positively and quickly to the exclusion of all other letters or numerals. “Readable” and “readability” means the quality of a group of letters or numerals being recognized as complete words or numbers.) This information must be stored in such a manner that none of it may be altered once it is initially recorded without recording all changes, who made them, and when they were made. For processes or systems based on the storage of digital images, the process or system must afford accessibility to all digital images in the records being maintained. All records subject to this section must be maintained for a period of five years from the expiration of the license or other approval, to include exports using an exemption (see §123.26 of this subchapter); or, from the date of the transaction (e.g., expired licenses or other approvals relevant to the export transaction using an exemption). The Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Defense Trade Controls and the Director of the Office of Defense Trade Controls Licensing may prescribe a longer or shorter period in individual cases.


  2. Records maintained under this section shall be available at all times for inspection and copying by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls or a person designated by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (e.g., the Diplomatic Security Service) or U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, or

U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Upon such request, the person maintaining the records must furnish the records, the equipment, and if necessary, knowledgeable personnel for locating, reading, and reproducing any record that is required to be maintained in accordance with this section.


[70 FR 50959, Aug. 29, 2005, as amended at 79 FR 8084, Feb. 11, 2014]

Title 22: Foreign Relations


PART 123—LICENSES FOR THE EXPORT AND TEMPORARY IMPORT OF DEFENSE ARTICLES


Contents

§123.1 Requirement for export or temporary import licenses.

§123.2 Import jurisdiction.

§123.3 Temporary import licenses.

§123.4 Temporary import license exemptions.

§123.5 Temporary export licenses.

§123.6 Foreign trade zones and U.S. Customs and Border Protection bonded warehouses.

§123.7 Exports to warehouses or distribution points outside the United States.

§123.8 Special controls on vessels, aircraft and satellites covered by the U.S. Munitions List.

§123.9 Country of ultimate destination and approval of reexports or retransfers.

§123.10 Non-transfer and use assurances.

§123.11 Movements of vessels and aircraft covered by the U.S. Munitions List outside the United States.

§123.12 Shipments between U.S. possessions.

§123.13 Domestic aircraft shipments via a foreign country.

§123.14 Import certificate/delivery verification procedure.

§123.15 Congressional certification pursuant to Section 36(c) of the Arms Export Control Act.

§123.16 Exemptions of general applicability.

§123.17 Exports of firearms, ammunition and personal protective gear.

§123.18 Firearms for personal use of members of the U.S. Armed Forces and civilian employees of the U.S. Government.

§123.19 Canadian and Mexican border shipments.

§123.20 Nuclear related controls.

§123.21 Duration, renewal, and disposition of licenses.

§123.22 Filing, retention, and return of export licenses and filing of export information.

§123.23 Monetary value of shipments.

§123.24 Shipments by U.S. Postal Service.

§123.25 Amendments to licenses.

§123.26 Recordkeeping for exemptions.

§123.27 Special licensing regime for export to U.S. allies of commercial communications satellite components, systems, parts, accessories, attachments and associated technical data.

§123.28 Scope of a license.


image


AUTHORITY: Secs. 2, 38, and 71, Pub. L. 90-629, 90 Stat. 744 (22 U.S.C. 2752, 2778, 2797); 22 U.S.C. 2753; 22

U.S.C. 2651a; 22 U.S.C. 2776; Pub. L. 105-261, 112 Stat. 1920; Sec. 1205(a), Pub. L. 107-228; Sec. 520, Pub. L.

112-55; Section 1261, Pub. L. 112-239; E.O. 13637, 78 FR 16129.

SOURCE: 58 FR 39299, July 22, 1993, unless otherwise noted.


§123.1 Requirement for export or temporary import licenses.


  1. Any person who intends to export or to import temporarily a defense article must obtain the approval of the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls prior to the export or temporary import, unless the export or temporary import qualifies for an exemption under the provisions of this subchapter. The applicant must be registered with the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls pursuant to part 122 of this subchapter prior to submitting an application. Applications for unclassified exports and temporary imports must be submitted electronically. Applications for classified exports and classified temporary imports must be submitted via paper. Further guidance is provided on the Internet Web site of the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. The application forms for export or temporary import are as follows:


    1. Unclassified permanent exports must be made on Form DSP-5;

    2. Unclassified temporary exports must be made on Form DSP-73;


    3. Unclassified temporary imports must be made on Form DSP-61; or


    4. Classified exports or temporary imports must be made on Form DSP-85.


  2. Applications for Department of State export or temporary import licenses for proposed exports or temporary imports of defense articles, including technical data, may include commodities, software, and technical data subject to the EAR (see §120.42 of this subchapter) if:


    1. The purchase documentation (e.g., purchase order, contract, letter of intent, or other appropriate documentation) includes both defense articles described on the U.S. Munitions List and items on the Commerce Control List;


    2. The commodities, software, and technical data subject to the EAR are for end-use in or with the

      U.S. Munitions List defense article(s) proposed for export; and


    3. The license application separately enumerates the commodities, software, and technical data subject to the EAR in a U.S. Munitions List “(x)” paragraph entry.


  3. As a condition to the issuance of a license or other approval, the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls may require all pertinent documentation regarding the proposed transaction and proper completion of the application form as follows:


    1. Form DSP-5, DSP-61, DSP-73, and DSP-85 applications must have an entry in each block where space is provided for an entry. All requested information must be provided. Stating “Not Applicable” or “See Attached” is not acceptable. See the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls Internet Web site for additional guidance on the completion of a license application form;


    2. Attachments and supporting technical data or brochures should be submitted with the license application. All freight forwarders and U.S. consignors must be listed in the license application. See the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls Internet Web site for instructions and limitations on attaching documentation;


    3. Certification by an empowered official must accompany all application submissions (see §126.13 of this subchapter);


    4. An application for a license for the permanent export of defense articles sold commercially must be accompanied by purchase documentation (e.g., purchase order, contract, letter of intent, or other appropriate documentation). In cases involving the Foreign Military Sales program, a copy of the relevant Letter of Offer and Acceptance is required, unless the procedures of §126.4(c) or

      §126.6 of this subchapter are followed;


    5. Form DSP-83, duly executed, must accompany all license applications for the permanent export of significant military equipment, including classified defense articles or classified technical data (see §§123.10 and 125.3 of this subchapter); and


    6. A statement concerning the payment of political contributions, fees, and commissions must accompany a permanent export application if the export involves defense articles or defense services valued in an amount of $500,000 or more and is being sold commercially to or for the use of the armed forces of a foreign country or international organization (see part 130 of this subchapter).

  4. Provisions for furnishing the type of defense services described in §120.9(a) of this subchapter are contained in part 124 of this subchapter. Provisions for the export or temporary import of technical data and classified defense articles are contained in part 125 of this subchapter.


  5. A request for a license for the export of unclassified technical data (DSP-5) related to a classified defense article should specify any classified technical data or material that subsequently will be required for export in the event of a sale.


[58 FR 39299, July 22, 1993, as amended at 70 FR 50960, Aug. 29, 2005; 71 FR 20540, Apr. 21, 2006; 77 FR 22670, Apr. 17,

2012; 78 FR 22758, Apr. 16, 2013; 79 FR 61230, Oct. 10, 2014]


§123.2 Import jurisdiction.


The Department of State regulates the temporary import of defense articles. Permanent imports of defense articles into the United States are regulated by the Department of the Justice's Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives under the direction of the Attorney General (see 27 CFR parts 447, 478, 479, and 555).


[71 FR 20540, Apr. 21, 2006]


§123.3 Temporary import licenses.


  1. A license (DSP-61) issued by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls is required for the temporary import and subsequent export of unclassified defense articles, unless exempted from this requirement pursuant to §123.4. This requirement applies to:


    1. Temporary imports of unclassified defense articles that are to be returned directly to the country from which they were shipped to the United States;


    2. Temporary imports of unclassified defense articles in transit to a third country;


  2. A bond may be required as appropriate (see part 125 of this subchapter for license requirements for technical data and classified defense articles.)


  3. A DSP-61 license may be obtained by a U.S. importer in satisfaction of §123.4(c)(4) of this subchapter. If a foreign exporter requires documentation for a permanent import, the U.S. importer must contact the Department of Justice's Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives for the appropriate documentation. A DSP-61 will not be approved to support permanent import requirements.


[58 FR 39299, July 22, 1993, as amended at 71 FR 20540, Apr. 21, 2006; 77 FR 22670, Apr. 17, 2012]


§123.4 Temporary import license exemptions.


  1. Port Directors of U.S. Customs and Border Protection shall permit the temporary import (and subsequent export) without a license, for a period of up to 4 years, of unclassified U.S.-origin defense items (including any items manufactured abroad pursuant to U.S. Government approval) if the item temporarily imported:


    1. Is serviced (e.g., inspection, testing, calibration or repair, including overhaul, reconditioning and one-to-one replacement of any defective items, parts or components, but excluding any modifications, enhancement, upgrade or other form of alteration or improvement that changes the basic performance of the item), and is subsequently returned to the country from which it

      was imported. Shipment may be made by the U.S. importer or a foreign government representative of the country from which the goods were imported; or


    2. Is to be enhanced, upgraded or incorporated into another item which has already been authorized by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls for permanent export; or


    3. Is imported for the purpose of exhibition, demonstration or marketing in the United States and is subsequently returned to the country from which it was imported; or


    4. Has been rejected for permanent import by the Department of Justice and is being returned to the country from which it was shipped; or


    5. Is approved for such import under the U.S. Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program pursuant to an executed U.S. Department of Defense Letter of Offer and Acceptance (LOA).


      NOTE: These Exceptions do not apply to shipments that transit the U.S. to or from Canada (see §123.19 and

      §126.5 of this subchapter for exceptions).


  2. Port Directors of U.S. Customs and Border Protection shall permit the temporary import (but not the subsequent export) without a license of unclassified defense articles that are to be incorporated into another article, or modified, enhanced, upgraded, altered, improved or serviced in any other manner that changes the basic performance or productivity of the article prior to being returned to the country from which they were shipped or prior to being shipped to a third country. A DSP-5 is required for the reexport of such unclassified defense articles after incorporation into another article, modification, enhancement, upgrading, alteration or improvement.


  3. Requirements. To use an exemption under §123.4 (a) or (b), the following criteria must be met:


    1. The importer must meet the eligibility requirements set forth in §120.1(c) of this subchapter;


    2. At the time of export, the ultimate consignee named on the Electronic Export Information (EEI) must be the same as the foreign consignee or end-user of record named at the time of import;


    3. A stated in §126.1 of this subchapter, the temporary import must not be from or on behalf of a proscribed country, area, or person listed in that section unless an exception has been granted in accordance with §126.3 of this subchapter; and


    4. The foreign exporter must not require documentation of U.S. Government approval of the temporary import. If the foreign exporter requires documentation for a temporary import that qualifies for an exemption under this subchapter, the U.S. importer will not be able to claim the exemption and is required to obtain a DSP-61 Application/License for Temporary Import of Unclassified Defense Articles.


  4. Procedures. To the satisfaction of the Port Directors of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, the importer and exporter must comply with the following procedures:


    1. At the time of temporary import—


      1. File and annotate the applicable U.S. Customs and Border Protection document (e.g., Form CF 3461, 7512, 7501, 7523 or 3311) to read: “This shipment is being imported in accordance with and under the authority of 22 CFR 123.4(a) (identify subsection),” and


      2. Include, on the invoice or other appropriate documentation, a complete list and description of the defense article(s) being imported, including quantity and U.S. dollar value; and

    2. At the time of export, in accordance with the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) procedures, the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC) registered and eligible exporter, or an agent acting on the filer's behalf, must electronically file the export information with CBP, identify 22 CFR 123.4 as the authority for the export, and provide, as requested by CBP, the entry document number or a copy of the CBP document under which the article was imported.


[58 FR 39299, July 22, 1993, as amended at 64 FR 17533, Apr. 12, 1999; 68 FR 61101, Oct. 27, 2003; 70 FR 50960, Aug. 29,

2005; 77 FR 16597, Mar. 21, 2012; 77 FR 22670, Apr. 17, 2012; 81 FR 54735, Aug. 17, 2016; 82 FR 17, January 3, 2017]


§123.5 Temporary export licenses.


  1. The Directorate of Defense Trade Controls may issue a license for the temporary export of unclassified defense articles (DSP-73). Such licenses are valid only if the article will be exported for a period of less than 4 years and will be returned to the United States and transfer of title will not occur during the period of temporary export. Accordingly, articles exported pursuant to a temporary export license may not be sold or otherwise permanently transferred to a foreign person while they are overseas under a temporary export license. A renewal of the license or other written approval must be obtained from the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls if the article is to remain outside the United States beyond the period for which the license is valid.


  2. Requirements. Defense articles authorized for temporary export under this section may be shipped only from a port in the United States where a Port Director of U.S. Customs and Border Protection is available, or from a U.S. Post Office (see 39 CFR part 20), as appropriate. The license for temporary export must be presented to the Port Director of U.S. Customs and Border Protection who, upon verification, will endorse the exit column on the reverse side of the license. The license for temporary export must be electronically submitted to U.S. Customs and Border Protection, unless electronic reporting of such information is unavailable, in which case U.S. Customs and Border Protection will issue instructions. In the event a physical license is required by U.S. Customs and Border Protection, the licensee is to retain the duly endorsed license for temporary export in accordance with §123.22(b) of this subchapter. In the case of a military aircraft or vessel temporarily exported under its own power, evidence that the Department of State has duly authorized it to leave the United States must be readily available on board the aircraft or vessel.


  3. Any temporary export license for hardware that is used, regardless of whether the hardware was exported directly to the foreign destination or returned directly from the foreign destination, must be endorsed by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection in accordance with the procedures in §123.22 of this subchapter.


[70 FR 50960, Aug. 29, 2005, as amended at 82 FR 17, Jan. 3, 2017]


§123.6 Foreign trade zones and U.S. Customs and Border Protection bonded warehouses.


Foreign trade zones in the United States and U.S. Customs and Border Protection bonded warehouses are considered integral parts of the United States for the purpose of this subchapter. An export license is therefore not required for shipment between the United States and a foreign trade zone or a U.S. Customs and Border Protection bonded warehouse. In the case of classified defense articles, the provisions of the Department of Defense National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual will apply. An export license is required for all shipments of articles on the U.S. Munitions List from foreign trade zones and U.S. Customs and Border Protection bonded warehouses to foreign countries, regardless of how the articles reached the zone or warehouse.


[71 FR 20540, Apr. 21, 2006]

§123.7 Exports to warehouses or distribution points outside the United States.


Unless the exemption under §123.16(b)(1) is used, a license is required to export defense articles to a warehouse or distribution point outside the United States for subsequent resale and will normally be granted only if an agreement has been approved pursuant to §124.14 of this subchapter.


§123.8 Special controls on vessels, aircraft and satellites covered by the U.S. Munitions List.


  1. Transferring registration or control to a foreign person of any aircraft, vessel, or satellite on the U.S. Munitions List is an export for purposes of this subchapter and requires a license or written approval from the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. This requirement applies whether the aircraft, vessel, or satellite is physically located in the United States or abroad.


  2. The registration in a foreign country of any aircraft, vessel or satellite covered by the U.S. Munitions List which is not registered in the United States but which is located in the United States constitutes an export. A license or written approval from the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls is therefore required. Such transactions may also require the prior approval of the U.S. Department of Transportation's Maritime Administration, the Federal Aviation Administration or other agencies of the

U.S. Government.


[71 FR 20540, Apr. 21, 2006]


§123.9 Country of ultimate destination and approval of reexports or retransfers.


  1. The country designated as the country of ultimate destination on an application for an export license, or in an Electronic Export Information filing where an exemption is claimed under this subchapter, must be the country of ultimate end-use. The written approval of the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls must be obtained before reselling, transferring, reexporting, retransferring, transshipping, or disposing of a defense article to any end-user, end-use, or destination other than as stated on the export license, or in the Electronic Export Information filing in cases where an exemption is claimed under this subchapter, except in accordance with the provisions of an exemption under this subchapter that explicitly authorizes the resell, transfer, reexport, retransfer, transshipment, or disposition of a defense article without such approval. Exporters must determine the specific end- user, end-use, and destination prior to submitting an application to the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls or claiming an exemption under this subchapter.


    NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (a): In making the aforementioned determination, a person is expected to review all readily available information, including information readily available to the public generally as well as information readily available from other parties to the transaction.


  2. The exporter, U.S. or foreign, must inform the end-user and all consignees that the defense articles being exported are subject to U.S. export laws and regulations as follows:


    1. The exporter must incorporate the following information as an integral part of the commercial invoice, whenever defense articles are to be shipped (exported in tangible form), retransferred (in tangible form), or reexported (in tangible form) pursuant to a license or other approval under this subchapter:


      1. The country of ultimate destination;


      2. The end-user;


      3. The license or other approval number or exemption citation; and

      4. The following statement: “These items are controlled by the U.S. government and authorized for export only to the country of ultimate destination for use by the ultimate consignee or end-user(s) herein identified. They may not be resold, transferred, or otherwise disposed of, to any other country or to any person other than the authorized ultimate consignee or end-user(s), either in their original form or after being incorporated into other items, without first obtaining approval from the U.S. government or as otherwise authorized by U.S. law and regulations.”


        NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (B)(1)(IV): The phrase “or as otherwise authorized by U.S. law and regulations” is included because U.S. regulations contain specific exemptions from licensing requirements

        (e.g., ITAR exemptions, and EAR license exceptions and No License Required designations) and allow for certain amounts of U.S. origin content in foreign made items (see 15 CFR 734).


    2. When exporting items subject to the EAR (see §§120.5, 120.42 and 123.1(b) of this subchapter) pursuant to a Department of State license or other approval, the U.S. exporter must also provide the end-user and consignees with the appropriate EAR classification information for each item. This includes the Export Control Classification Number (ECCN) or EAR99 designation.


  3. Any U.S. person or foreign person requesting written approval from the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls for the reexport, retransfer, other disposition, or change in end-use, end-user, or destination of a defense article initially exported or transferred pursuant to a license or other written approval, or an exemption under this subchapter, must submit all the documentation required for a permanent export license (see §123.1 of this subchapter) and shall also submit the following:


    1. The license number, written authorization, or exemption under which the defense article or defense service was previously authorized for export from the United States (NOTE: For exports under exemptions at §126.16 or §126.17 of this subchapter, the original end-use, program, project, or operation under which the item was exported must be identified.);


    2. A precise description, quantity, and value of the defense article or defense service;


    3. A description and identification of the new end-user, end-use, and destination; and


    4. With regard to any request for such approval relating to a defense article or defense service initially exported pursuant to an exemption contained in §126.16 or §126.17 of this subchapter, written request for the prior approval of the transaction from the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls must be submitted: By the original U.S. exporter, provided a written request is received from a member of the Australian Community, as identified in §126.16 of this subchapter, or the United Kingdom Community, as identified in §126.17 of this subchapter (where such a written request includes a written certification from the member of the Australian Community or the United Kingdom Community providing the information set forth in §126.17 of this subchapter); or by a member of the Australian Community or the United Kingdom Community, where such request provides the information set forth in this section. All persons must continue to comply with statutory and regulatory requirements outside of this subchapter concerning the import of defense articles and defense services or the possession or transfer of defense articles, including, but not limited to, regulations issued by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives found at 27 CFR parts 447, 478, and 479, which are unaffected by the Defense Trade Cooperation Treaty between the United States and the United Kingdom and continue to apply fully to defense articles and defense services subject to either of the aforementioned treaties and the exemptions contained in §126.17 of this subchapter.


  4. The Directorate of Defense Trade Controls may authorize reexport or retransfer of an item subject to the EAR provided that:

    1. The item was initially exported, reexported or transferred pursuant to a Department of State license or other approval;


    2. The item is for end-use in or with a defense article; and


    3. All requirements of paragraph (c) of this section are satisfied for the item subject to the EAR, as well as for the associated defense article.


  5. Reexports or retransfers of U.S.-origin components incorporated into a foreign defense article to NATO, NATO agencies, a government of a NATO country, or the governments of Australia, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, or the Republic of Korea are authorized without the prior written approval of the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, provided:


    1. The U.S.-origin components were previously authorized for export from the United States, either by a license, written authorization, or an exemption other than those described in either §126.16 or §126.17 of this subchapter;


    2. The U.S.-origin components are not significant military equipment, the items are not major defense equipment sold under contract in the amount of $25,000,000 ($25 million) or more; the articles are not defense articles or defense services sold under a contract in the amount of

      $100,000,000 ($100 million) or more; and are not identified in part 121 of this subchapter as Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) items; and


    3. The person reexporting the defense article provides written notification to the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls of the retransfer not later than 30 days following the reexport. The notification must state the articles being reexported and the recipient government.


    4. The original license or other approval of the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls did not include retransfer or reexport restrictions prohibiting use of this exemption.


[58 FR 39299, July 22, 1993, as amended at 71 FR 20541, Apr. 21, 2006; 73 FR 15885, Mar. 26, 2008; 73 FR 38343, Aug. 3, 2009;

77 FR 16597, Mar. 21, 2012; 78 FR 22759, Apr. 16, 2013; 78 FR 61755, Oct. 3, 2013; 81 FR 54735, Aug. 17, 2016]


§123.10 Non-transfer and use assurances.


  1. A nontransfer and use certificate (Form DSP-83) is required for the export of significant military equipment and classified articles, including classified technical data. A license will not be issued until a completed Form DSP-83 has been received by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. This form is to be executed by the foreign consignee, foreign end-user, and the applicant. The certificate stipulates that, except as specifically authorized by prior written approval of the Department of State, the foreign consignee and foreign end-user will not reexport, resell or otherwise dispose of the significant military equipment enumerated in the application outside the country named as the location of the foreign end-use or to any other person.


  2. The Directorate of Defense Trade Controls may also require a DSP-83 for the export of any other defense articles, including technical data, or defense services.


  3. When a DSP-83 is required for an export of any defense article or defense service to a non- governmental foreign end-user, the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls may require as a condition of issuing the license that the appropriate authority of the government of the country of ultimate destination also execute the certificate.


[71 FR 20541, Apr. 21, 2006]

§123.11 Movements of vessels and aircraft covered by the U.S. Munitions List outside the United States.


  1. A license issued by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls is required whenever a privately- owned aircraft or vessel on the U.S. Munitions List makes a voyage outside the United States.


  2. Exemption. An export license is not required when a vessel or aircraft referred to in paragraph (a) of this section departs from the United States and does not enter the territorial waters or airspace of a foreign country if no defense articles are carried as cargo. Such a vessel or aircraft may not enter the territorial waters or airspace of a foreign country before returning to the United States, or carry as cargo any defense article, without a temporary export license (Form DSP-73) from the Department of State. (See §123.5.)


[58 FR 39299, July 22, 1993, as amended at 71 FR 20541, Apr. 21, 2006]


§123.12 Shipments between U.S. possessions.


An export license is not required for the shipment of defense articles between the United States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and U.S. possessions. A license is required, however, for the export of defense articles from these areas to foreign countries.


§123.13 Domestic aircraft shipments via a foreign country.


A license is not required for the shipment by air of a defense article from one location in the United States to another location in the United States via a foreign country.


[81 FR 54736, Aug. 17, 2016]


§123.14 Import certificate/delivery verification procedure.


  1. The Import Certificate/Delivery Verification Procedure is designed to assure that a commodity imported into the territory of those countries participating in IC/DV procedures will not be diverted, transshipped, or reexported to another destination except in accordance with export control regulations of the importing country.


  2. Exports. The Directorate of Defense Trade Controls may require the IC/DV procedure on proposed exports of defense articles to non-government entities in those countries participating in IC/DV procedures. In such cases, U.S. exporters must submit both an export license application (the completed Form DSP-5) and the original Import Certificate, which must be provided and authenticated by the government of the importing country. This document verifies that the foreign importer complied with the import regulations of the government of the importing country and that the importer declared the intention not to divert, transship or reexport the material described therein without the prior approval of that government. After delivery of the commodities to the foreign consignee, the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls may also require U.S. exporters to furnish Delivery Verification documentation from the government of the importing country. This documentation verifies that the delivery was in accordance with the terms of the approved export license. Both the Import Certificate and the Delivery Verification must be furnished to the U.S. exporter by the foreign importer.


  3. Triangular transactions. When a transaction involves three or more countries that have adopted the IC/DV procedure, the governments of these countries may stamp a triangular symbol on the Import Certificate. This symbol is usually placed on the Import Certificate when the applicant for the Import Certificate (the importer) states either (1) that there is uncertainty whether the items covered by the

Import Certificate will be imported into the country issuing the Import Certificate; (2) that he or she knows that the items will not be imported into the country issuing the Import Certificate; or (3) that, if the items are to be imported into the country issuing the Import Certificate, they will subsequently be reexported to another destination. All parties, including the ultimate consignee in the country of ultimate destination, must be shown on the completed Import Certificate.


[58 FR 39299, July 22, 1993, as amended at 71 FR 20541, Apr. 21, 2006]


§123.15 Congressional certification pursuant to Section 36(c) of the Arms Export Control Act.


  1. The Arms Export Control Act requires that a certification be provided to the Congress prior to the granting of any license or other approval for transactions, in the amounts described below, involving exports of any defense articles and defense services and for exports of major defense equipment, as defined in §120.8 of this subchapter. Approvals may not be granted when the Congress has enacted a joint resolution prohibiting the export. Certification is required for any transaction involving:


    1. A license for the export of major defense equipment sold under a contract in the amount of

      $14,000,000 or more, or for defense articles and defense services sold under a contract in the amount of $50,000,000 or more, to any country that is not a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), or Australia, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, or the Republic of Korea that does not authorize a new sales territory; or


    2. A license for export to a country that is a member country of NATO, or Australia, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, or the Republic of Korea, of major defense equipment sold under a contract in the amount of $25,000,000 or more, or for defense articles and defense services sold under a contract in the amount of $100,000,000 or more, and provided the transfer does not include any other countries; or


    3. A license for export of a firearm controlled under Category I of the United States Munitions List, of this subchapter, in an amount of $1,000,000 or more.


  2. Unless an emergency exists which requires the final export in the national security interests of the United States, approval may not be granted for any transaction until at least 15 calendar days have elapsed after receipt by the Congress of the certification required by 22 U.S.C. 2776(c)(1) involving NATO, or Australia, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, or the Republic of Korea or at least 30 calendar days have elapsed for any other country; in the case of a license for an export of a commercial communications satellite for launch from, and by nationals of, the Russian Federation, Ukraine, or Kazakhstan, until at least 15 calendar days after the Congress receives such certification.


  3. Persons who intend to export defense articles and defense services pursuant to any exemption in this subchapter under the circumstances described in this section must provide written notification to the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls and include a signed contract and a DSP-83 signed by the applicant, the foreign consignee and the end-user.


[70 FR 34654, June 15, 2005, as amended at 73 FR 38343, Aug. 3, 2009; 77 FR 16598, Mar. 21, 2012]


§123.16 Exemptions of general applicability.


  1. The following exemptions apply to exports of unclassified defense articles for which no approval is needed from the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. These exemptions do not apply to: Proscribed destinations under §126.1 of this subchapter; exports for which Congressional notification is required (see §123.15 of this subchapter); MTCR articles; Significant Military Equipment (SME); and may not be used by persons who are generally ineligible as described in §120.1(c) of this subchapter. All shipments of defense articles, including but not limited to those to Australia, Canada,

    and the United Kingdom, require an Electronic Export Information (EEI) filing or notification letter. If the export of a defense article is exempt from licensing, the EEI filing must cite the exemption. Refer to §123.22 of this subchapter for EEI filing and letter notification requirements.


  2. The following exports are exempt from the licensing requirements of this subchapter.


    1. Port Directors of U.S. Customs and Border Protection shall permit the export without a license of defense hardware being exported in furtherance of a manufacturing license agreement, technical assistance agreement, distribution agreement or an arrangement for distribution of items identified in Category XIII(b)(1), approved in accordance with part 124, provided that:


      1. The defense hardware to be exported supports the activity and is identified by item, quantity and value in the agreement or arrangement; and


      2. Any provisos or limitations placed on the authorized agreement or arrangement are adhered to; and


      3. The exporter identifies in the EEI filing by selecting the appropriate code that the export is exempt from the licensing requirements of this subchapter; and


      4. The total value of all shipments does not exceed the value authorized in the agreement or arrangement.


      5. In the case of a distribution agreement, export must be made directly to the approved foreign distributor.


    2. Port Directors of U.S. Customs and Border Protection shall permit the export of components or spare parts (for exemptions for firearms and ammunition see §123.17) without a license when the total value does not exceed $500 in a single transaction and:


      1. The components or spare parts are being exported to support a defense article previously authorized for export; and


      2. The spare parts or components are not going to a distributor, but to a previously approved end-user of the defense articles; and


      3. The spare parts or components are not to be used to enhance the capability of the defense article;


      4. Exporters shall not split orders so as not to exceed the dollar value of this exemption;


      5. The exporter may not make more than 24 shipments per calendar year to the previously authorized end user;


      6. The exporter must certify on the invoice, the bill of lading, air waybill, or shipping documents that the export is exempt from the licensing requirements of this subchapter. This is done by writing “22 CFR 123.16(b)(2) applicable.”


    3. Port Directors of U.S. Customs and Border Protection shall permit the export without a license, of packing cases specially designed to carry defense articles.


    4. Port Directors of U.S. Customs and Border Protection shall permit the export without a license, of unclassified models or mock-ups of defense articles, provided that such models or mock-ups are inoperable and do not reveal any technical data in excess of that which is exempted from the licensing requirements of §125.4(b) of this subchapter and do not contain components

      (see §120.45(b) of this subchapter) covered by the U.S. Munitions List (see §121.1 of this subchapter). Some models or mockups built to scale or constructed of original materials can reveal technical data. U.S. persons who avail themselves of this exemption must electronically submit a certification to U.S. Customs and Border Protection that these conditions are met, unless directed by U.S. Customs and Border Protection to provide such a certification in another manner. This exemption does not imply that the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls will approve the export of any defense articles for which models or mocks-ups have been exported pursuant to this exemption.


    5. Port Directors of U.S. Customs and Border Protection shall permit the temporary export without a license of unclassified defense articles to any public exhibition, trade show, air show or related event if that article has previously been licensed for a public exhibition, trade show, air show or related event and the license is still valid. U.S. persons who avail themselves of this exemption must electronically submit a certification to U.S. Customs and Border Protection that these conditions are met, unless directed by U.S. Customs and Border Protection to provide such a certification in another manner.


    6. For exemptions for firearms and ammunition refer to §123.17 of this subchapter.


    7. For exemptions for firearms for personal use of members of the U.S. Armed Forces and civilian employees see §123.18.


    8. For exports to Canada refer to §126.5 of this subchapter.


    9. Port Directors of U.S. Customs and Border Protection shall permit the temporary export without a license by a U.S. person of any unclassified component, part, tool or test equipment to a subsidiary, affiliate or facility owned or controlled by the U.S. person (see §120.37 of this subchapter for definition of foreign ownership and foreign control) if the component, part, tool or test equipment is to be used for manufacture, assembly, testing, production, or modification provided:


      1. The U.S. person is registered with the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls and complies with all requirements set forth in part 122 of this subchapter;


      2. No defense article exported under this exemption may be sold or transferred without the appropriate license or other approval from the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls.


    10. [Reserved]


[58 FR 39299, July 22, 1993, as amended at 59 FR 29951, June 10, 1994; 59 FR 45622, Sept. 2, 1994; 67 FR 15100, Mar. 29,

2002; 70 FR 50961, Aug. 29, 2005; 71 FR 20541, Apr. 21, 2006; 76 FR 45197, July 28, 2011; 77 FR 16598, Mar. 21, 2012; 78 FR

40631, July 8, 2013; 79 FR 61230, Oct. 10, 2014; 79 FR 66609, Nov. 10, 2014]


§123.17 Exports of firearms, ammunition, and personal protective gear.


  1. Port Directors of U.S. Customs and Border Protection shall permit the export without a license of:


    1. Parts and components for USML Category I(a) firearms, except barrels, cylinders, receivers (frames), or complete breech mechanisms, when the total value does not exceed $100 wholesale in any transaction, except to any of the countries or entities as provided in §126.1 of this subchapter;

    2. Parts, components, accessories, or attachments for USML Category I firearms, except barrels, cylinders, receivers (frames), complete breech mechanisms, or fully automatic firearms and parts and components for such firearms, when:


      1. The total value does not exceed $500 wholesale in any transaction;


      2. The export is to Canada for end-use in Canada or return to the United States, or temporary import into the United States of Canadian-origin items and return to Canada for a Canadian citizen; and


      3. The exporter makes a declaration via the Automated Export System, pursuant to

        §123.22(a) of this subchapter, and the exporter is eligible to export under this exemption, pursuant to §120.1(c) of this subchapter; or


    3. Parts, components, accessories, or attachments for USML Category I firearms, including fully automatic firearms and parts and components for such firearms, when:


      1. The total value does not exceed $500 wholesale in any transaction;


      2. The export is to Canada for end-use by the Canadian Federal Government, a Canadian Provincial Government, or a Canadian Municipal Government; and


      3. The exporter makes an electronic declaration to U.S. Customs and Border Protection pursuant to §123.22(a), and the exporter is eligible to export under this exemption pursuant to §120.1(c) of this subchapter, unless the electronic submission of such declaration is unavailable, in which case U.S. Customs and Border Protection will issue instructions.


  2. Port Directors of U.S. Customs and Border Protection shall permit the export without a license of nonautomatic firearms covered by Category I(a) of §121.1 of this subchapter if they were manufactured in or before 1898, or are replicas of such firearms.


  3. Port Directors of U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) shall permit U.S. persons to export temporarily from the United States without a license not more than three nonautomatic firearms in Category I(a) of §121.1 of this subchapter and not more than 1,000 cartridges therefor, provided that:


    1. The person declares the articles to a CBP officer upon each departure from the United States, presents the Internal Transaction Number from submission of the export information through CBP's electronic system(s) per §123.22 (unless electronic reporting of such information is unavailable, in which case U.S. Customs and Border Protection will issue instructions), and the articles are presented to the CBP officer for inspection;


    2. The firearms and accompanying ammunition to be exported is with the individual's baggage or effects, whether accompanied or unaccompanied (but not mailed); and


    3. The firearms and accompanying ammunition must be for that person's exclusive use and not for reexport or other transfer of ownership. The person must declare that it is his intention to return the article(s) on each return to the United States. The foregoing exemption is not applicable to the personnel referred to in §123.18 of this subchapter.


  4. Port Directors of U.S. Customs and Border Protection shall permit a foreign person to export without a license such firearms in Category I(a) of §121.1 of this subchapter and ammunition therefor as the foreign person brought into the United States under the provisions of 27 CFR 478.115(d). (The latter provision specifically excludes from the definition of importation the bringing into the United States of firearms and ammunition by certain foreign persons for specified purposes.)

  5. Port Directors of U.S. Customs and Border Protection shall permit U.S. persons to export without a license ammunition for nonautomatic firearms referred to in paragraph (a) of this section if the quantity does not exceed 1,000 cartridges (or rounds) in any shipment. The ammunition must also be for personal use and not for resale or other transfer of ownership. The foregoing exemption is also not applicable to the personnel referred to in §123.18.


  6. Port Directors of U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) shall permit U.S. persons to export temporarily from the United States without a license one set of body armor covered by U.S. Munitions List Category X(a)(1), which may include one helmet covered by U.S. Munitions List Category X(a)(6), or one set of chemical agent protective gear covered by U.S. Munitions List Category XIV(f)(4), which may include one additional filter canister, provided:


    1. The person declares the articles to a CBP officer upon each departure from the United States, presents the Internal Transaction Number from submission of the export information through CBP's electronic system(s) per §123.22 (unless electronic reporting of such information is unavailable, in which case U.S. Customs and Border Protection will issue instructions), and the articles are presented to the CBP officer for inspection;;


    2. The body armor, which may include a helmet, or chemical agent protective gear, which may include one additional filter canister, to be exported is with the individual's baggage or effects, whether accompanied or unaccompanied (but not mailed); and


    3. The body armor, which may include a helmet, or chemical agent protective gear, which may include one additional filter canister, to be exported is for that person's exclusive use and not for reexport or other transfer of ownership. The person must declare it is his intention to return the article(s) to the United States at the end of tour, contract, or assignment for which the articles were temporarily exported.


  7. The license exemption set forth in paragraph (f) of this section is available for the temporary export of body armor or chemical agent protective gear for personal use to countries listed in §126.1 of this subchapter provided:


    1. The conditions in paragraph (f) of this section are met; and


    2. The person is affiliated with the U.S. Government traveling on official business or is traveling in support of a U.S. Government contract. The person shall electronically submit documentation to this effect, along with the Internal Transaction Number from U.S. Customs and Border Protection's electronic system(s), unless electronic reporting of such information is unavailable, in which case U.S. Customs and Border Protection will issue instructions.


  8. The license exemption set forth in paragraph (f) of this section is available for the temporary export of body armor, which may include a helmet, or chemical agent protective gear, which may include one additional filter canister, for personal use to Iraq, provided the conditions in paragraph (f) are met, and the person is either affiliated with the U.S. Government traveling on official business or is traveling in support of a U.S. Government contract, or is traveling to Iraq under a direct authorization by the Government of Iraq and engaging in activities for, on behalf of, or at the request of, the Government of Iraq. The person shall electronically submit documentation to this effect, along with the Internal Transaction Number using U.S. Customs and Border Protection's electronic system(s), unless electronic reporting of such information is unavailable, in which case U.S. Customs and Border Protection will issue instructions. Documentation regarding direct authorization from the Government of Iraq shall include an English translation.


  9. The license exemption set forth in paragraph (f) of this section is available for the temporary export of body armor, which may include a helmet, or chemical agent protective gear, which may include one

    additional filter canister, for personal use to Afghanistan, provided the conditions in paragraph (f) are met.


  10. If the articles temporarily exported pursuant to paragraphs (c) and (f) through (i) of this section are not returned to the United States, a detailed report must be submitted to the Office of Defense Trade Controls Compliance in accordance with the requirements of §127.12(c)(2) of this subchapter.


  11. To use the exemptions in this section, individuals are not required to be registered with the Department of State (the registration requirement is described in part 122 of this subchapter). All other entities must be registered and eligible, as provided in §§120.1(c) and (d) and part 122 of this subchapter.


[58 FR 39299, July 22, 1993, as amended at 64 FR 17534, Apr. 12, 1999; 70 FR 50962, Aug. 29, 2005; 71 FR 20541, Apr. 21,

2006; 74 FR 39213, Aug. 6, 2009; 77 FR 25867, May 2, 2012; 78 FR 40631, July 8, 2013; 82 FR 17, Jan. 3, 2017]


§123.18 Firearms for personal use of members of the U.S. Armed Forces and civilian employees of the U.S. Government.


The following exemptions apply to members of the U.S. Armed Forces and civilian employees of the U.S. Government who are U.S. persons (both referred to herein as personnel). The exemptions apply only to such personnel if they are assigned abroad for extended duty. These exemptions do not apply to dependents.


  1. Firearms. Port Directors of U.S. Customs and Border Protection shall permit nonautomatic firearms in Category I(a) of §121.1 of this subchapter and parts therefor to be exported, except by mail, from the United States without a license if:


    1. They are consigned to servicemen's clubs abroad for uniformed members of the U.S. Armed Forces; or,


    2. In the case of a uniformed member of the U.S. Armed Forces or a civilian employee of the Department of Defense, they are for personal use and not for resale or other transfer of ownership, and if the firearms are accompanied by a written authorization from the commanding officer concerned; or


    3. In the case of other U.S. Government employees, they are for personal use and not for resale or other transfer of ownership, and the Chief of the U.S. Diplomatic Mission or his designee in the country of destination has approved in writing to Department of State the import of the specific types and quantities of firearms into that country. The exporter shall provide a copy of this written statement to the Port Director of U.S. Customs and Border Protection.


  2. Ammunition. Port Directors of U.S. Customs and Border Protection shall permit not more than 1,000 cartridges (or rounds) of ammunition for the firearms referred to in paragraph (a) of this section to be exported (but not mailed) from the United States without a license when the firearms are on the person of the owner or with his baggage or effects, whether accompanied or unaccompanied (but not mailed).


[58 FR 39299, July 22, 1993, as amended at 70 FR 50962, Aug. 29, 2005]


§123.19 Canadian and Mexican border shipments.


A shipment originating in Canada or Mexico which incidentally transits the United States en route to a delivery point in the same country that originated the shipment is exempt from the requirement for an in transit license.

§123.20 Nuclear related controls.


  1. The provisions of this subchapter do not apply to articles, technical data, or services in Category VI, Category XV, Category XVI, or Category XX of §121.1 of this subchapter to the extent that exports of such articles, technical data, or services are controlled by the Department of Energy or the Nuclear Regulatory Commission pursuant to the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, and the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act of 1978, as amended, or is a government transfer authorized pursuant to these Acts. For Department of Commerce controls, see 15 CFR 742.3 and 744.2, administered pursuant to Section 309(c) of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Act of 1978, as amended (42 U.S.C. 2139a(c)), and 15 CFR 744.5, which are not subject to this subchapter.


  2. The transfer of materials, including special nuclear materials, nuclear parts of nuclear weapons, or other non-nuclear parts of nuclear weapons systems involving Restricted Data or of assistance involving any person directly or indirectly engaging in the production or use thereof is prohibited except as authorized by the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended. The transfer of Restricted Data or such assistance is prohibited except as authorized by the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended. The technical data or defense services relating to nuclear weapons, nuclear weapons systems or related defense purposes (and such data or services relating to applications of atomic energy for peaceful purposes, or related research and development) may constitute Restricted Data or such assistance, subject to the foregoing prohibition.


  3. A license for the export of a defense article, technical data, or the furnishing of a defense service relating to defense articles referred to in Category VI(e) or Category XX(b)(1) of §121.1 of this subchapter will not be granted unless the defense article, technical data, or defense service comes within the scope of an existing Agreement for Cooperation for Mutual Defense Purposes concluded pursuant to the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, with the government of the country to which the defense article, technical data, or defense service is to be exported. Licenses may be granted in the absence of such an agreement only:


    1. If the proposed export involves an article which is identical to that in use in an unclassified civilian nuclear power plant,


    2. If the proposed export has no relationship to naval nuclear propulsion, and


    3. If it is not for use in a naval propulsion plant.


[67 FR 58988, Sept. 19, 2002, as amended at 78 FR 40933, July 8, 2013; 79 FR 47, Jan. 2, 2014; 79 FR 36393, June 27, 2014; 79

FR 66609, Nov. 10, 2014]


§123.21 Duration, renewal, and disposition of licenses.


  1. A license is valid for four years. The license expires when the total value or quantity authorized has been shipped or when the date of expiration has been reached, whichever occurs first. Defense articles to be shipped thereafter require a new application and license. The new application should refer to the expired license. It should not include references to any defense articles other than those of the unshipped balance of the expired license.


  2. Unused, expired, suspended, or revoked licenses must be handled in accordance with §123.22(c) of this subchapter.


[58 FR 39299, July 22, 1993, as amended at 76 FR 68312, Nov. 4, 2011]

§123.22 Filing, retention, and return of export licenses and filing of export information.


  1. Any export, as defined in this subchapter, of a defense article controlled by this subchapter, to include defense articles transiting the United States, requires the electronic reporting of export information. The reporting of the export information shall be to the U.S. Customs and Border Protection using its electronic system(s), or directly to the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC), as appropriate. Before the export of any hardware, via a license or other authorization, the DDTC registered applicant/exporter, or an agent acting on the filer's behalf, must electronically submit export information to U.S. Customs and Border Protection, unless electronic reporting is unavailable, in which case U.S. Customs and Border Protection will issue instructions (see paragraph (b) of this section). In addition to electronically providing the export information to U.S. Customs and Border Protection before export, all mandatory supporting documentation (e.g., attachments, certifications, proof of filing in U.S. Customs and Border Protection's system(s) such as the Internal Transaction Number (ITN)) must be submitted electronically, unless electronic reporting of such information is unavailable, in which case U.S. Customs and Border Protection will issue instructions.


    1. If necessary, an export may be made through a port other than the one designated on the license if the exporter complies with the procedures established by U.S. Customs and Border Protection.


    2. When a defense article is temporarily exported from the United States and subsequently moved from one destination authorized on a license to another destination authorized on the same or another temporary license, the applicant, or an agent acting on the applicant's behalf, must ensure that U.S. Customs and Border Protection decrements both temporary licenses to show the exit and entry of the hardware.


  2. Filing and reporting of export information—


    1. Filing of export information with the U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Before exporting any hardware controlled by this subchapter using a license or exemption, the DDTC registered applicant/exporter, or an agent acting on the filer's behalf, must electronically file the export information with U.S. Customs and Border Protection in accordance with the following timelines:


      1. Air or truck shipments. The export information must be electronically filed at least 8 hours prior to departure.


      2. Sea or rail Shipments. The export information must be electronically filed at least 24 hours prior to departure.


    2. Emergency shipments of hardware that cannot meet the pre-departure filing requirements. U.S. Customs and Border Protection may permit an emergency export of hardware by truck or air by a U.S. registered person when the exporter is unable to comply with the Electronic Export Information (EEI) filing timeline in paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section. The applicant, or an agent acting on the applicant's behalf, must provide documentation required by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection and this subchapter. The documentation provided to U.S. Customs and Border Protection must include the Internal Transaction Number (ITN) for the shipment and must be accompanied by an explanation for urgency. The export filing via U.S. Customs and Border Protection's electronic system(s) must be made at least two hours prior to any departure by air from the United States. When shipping via ground, the filing in U.S. Customs and Border Protection's electronic system(s) must be made when the exporter provides the articles to the carrier or at least one hour prior to departure from the United States, when the permanent export of the hardware has been authorized for export:


      1. In accordance with §126.4 of this subchapter, or

      2. On a valid license, and the ultimate recipient and ultimate end-user identified on the license is a foreign government.


    3. Reporting of export information on technical data and defense service. When an export is being made using a DDTC authorization (e.g., technical data license, agreement or a technical data exemption provided in this subchapter), the DDTC registered exporter will retain the license or other approval and provide the export information electronically to DDTC as follows:


      1. Technical data license. Prior to the permanent export of technical data licensed using a Form DSP-5, the applicant shall electronically provide export information using the system for direct electronic reporting to DDTC of export information and self validate the original of the license. When the initial export of all the technical data authorized on the license has been made, the license must be returned to DDTC. Exports of copies of the licensed technical data should be made in accordance with existing exemptions in this subchapter. Should an exemption not apply, the applicant may request a new license.


      2. Manufacturing license and technical assistance agreements. Prior to the initial export of any technical data and defense services authorized in an agreement the U.S. agreement holder must electronically inform DDTC that exports have begun. In accordance with this subchapter, all subsequent exports of technical data and services are not required to be filed electronically with DDTC except when the export is done using a U.S. Port. Records of all subsequent exports of technical data shall be maintained by the exporter in accordance with this subchapter and shall be made immediately available to DDTC upon request. Exports of technical data in furtherance of an agreement using a U.S. Port shall be made in accordance with §125.4 of this subchapter and made in accordance with the procedures in paragraph (b)(3)(iii) of this section.


      3. Technical data and defense service exemptions. In any instance when technical data is exported using an exemption in this subchapter (e.g., §§125.4(b)(2), 125.4(b)(4), 126.5) from a U.S. port, the exporter must provide the export data electronically to DDTC. A copy of the electronic notification to DDTC must accompany the technical data shipment and be made available to the U.S. Customs and Border Protection upon request.


        NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (b)(3)(iii): Future changes to the electronic reporting procedure will be amended by publication of a rule in the Federal Register. Exporters are reminded to continue maintaining records of all export transactions, including exemption shipments, in accordance with this subchapter.


  3. Return of licenses. Licenses issued by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls are subject to return requirements as follows:


    1. A license issued electronically by DDTC and electronically decremented by U.S. Customs and Border Protection through its electronic system(s) is not required to be returned to DDTC. A copy of the license must be maintained by the applicant in accordance with §122.5 of this subchapter.


    2. Licenses issued by DDTC but not decremented by U.S. Customs and Border Protection through its electronic system(s) (e.g., oral or visual technical data releases) must be returned by the applicant, or the government agency with which the license was filed, to DDTC upon expiration, to include when the total authorized value or quantity has been shipped. A copy of the license must be maintained by the applicant in accordance with §122.5 of this subchapter.


    3. A license issued by DDTC but not used by the applicant does not need to be returned to DDTC, even when expired.

    4. A license revoked by DDTC is considered expired and must be handled in accordance with paragraphs (c)(1) and (c)(2) of this section.


[68 FR 61101, Oct. 27, 2003, as amended at 70 FR 50962, Aug. 29, 2005; 76 FR 68312, Nov. 4, 2011; 77 FR 16599, Mar. 21,

2012; 82 FR 18, Jan. 3, 2017]


§123.23 Monetary value of shipments.


Port Directors of U.S. Customs and Border Protection shall permit the shipment of defense articles identified on any license when the total value of the export does not exceed the aggregate monetary value (not quantity) stated on the license by more than ten percent, provided that the additional monetary value does not make the total value of the license or other approval for the export of any major defense equipment sold under a contract reach $14,000,000 or more, and provided that the additional monetary value does not make defense articles or defense services sold under a contract reach the amount of

$50,000,000 or more.


[70 FR 50963, Aug. 29, 2005]


§123.24 Shipments by U.S. Postal Service.


  1. The export of any defense hardware using a license or exemption in this subchapter by the U.S. Postal Service must be filed with U.S. Customs and Border Protection using its electronic system(s) and the license must be filed with U.S. Customs and Border Protection before any hardware is actually sent abroad by mail. The exporter must certify the defense hardware being exported in accordance with this subchapter by clearly marking on the package: “This export is subject to the controls of the ITAR, 22 CFR (identify section for an exemption) or (state license number) and the export has been electronically filed with U.S. Customs and Border Protection.”


  2. The export of any technical data using a license in this subchapter by the U.S. Postal Service must be notified electronically directly to the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC). The exporter, using either a license or exemption, must certify, by clearly marking on the package, “This export is subject to the controls of the ITAR, 22 CFR (identify section for an exemption) or (state license number).” For those exports using a license, the exporter must also state “The export has been electronically notified directly to DDTC.” The license must be returned to DDTC upon completion of the use of the license (see §123.22(c)).


[68 FR 61102, Oct. 27, 2003, as amended at 70 FR 50963, Aug. 29, 2005; 82 FR 19, Jan.3, 2017]


§123.25 Amendments to licenses.


  1. The Directorate of Defense Trade Controls may approve an amendment to a license for permanent export, temporary export and temporary import of unclassified defense articles. A suggested format is available from the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls.


  2. The following types of amendments to a license will be considered: Addition of U.S. freight forwarder or U.S. consignor; change due to an obvious typographical error; change in source of commodity; and change of foreign intermediate consignee if that party is only transporting the equipment and will not process (e.g., integrate, modify) the equipment. For changes in U.S. dollar value see §123.23.


  3. The following types of amendments to a license will not be approved: Additional quantity, changes in commodity, country of ultimate destination, end-use or end-user, foreign consignee and/or extension of duration. The foreign intermediate consignee may only be amended if that party is acting as freight forwarder and the export does not involve technical data. A new license is required for these

changes. Any new license submission must reflect only the unshipped balance of quantity and dollar value.


[58 FR 39299, July 22, 1993, as amended at 71 FR 20542, Apr. 21, 2006; 77 FR 22671, Apr. 17, 2012]


§123.26 Recordkeeping for exemptions.


Any person engaging in any export, reexport, transfer, or retransfer of a defense article or defense service pursuant to an exemption must maintain records of each such export, reexport, transfer, or retransfer. The records shall, to the extent applicable to the transaction and consistent with the requirements of §123.22 of this subchapter, include the following information: A description of the defense article, including technical data, or defense service; the name and address of the end-user and other available contact information (e.g., telephone number and electronic mail address); the name of the natural person responsible for the transaction; the stated end-use of the defense article or defense service; the date of the transaction; the Electronic Export Information (EEI) Internal Transaction Number (ITN); and the method of transmission. The person using or acting in reliance upon the exemption shall also comply with any additional recordkeeping requirements enumerated in the text of the regulations concerning such exemption (e.g., requirements specific to the Defense Trade Cooperation Treaties in

§126.16 and §126.17 of this subchapter).


[77 FR 16599, Mar. 21, 2012]


§123.27 Special licensing regime for export to U.S. allies of commercial communications satellite components, systems, parts, accessories, attachments and associated technical data.


  1. U.S. persons engaged in the business of exporting specifically designed or modified components, systems, parts, accessories, attachments, associated equipment and certain associated technical data for commercial communications satellites, and who are so registered with the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls pursuant to part 122 of this subchapter, may submit license applications for multiple permanent and temporary exports and temporary imports of such articles for expeditious consideration without meeting the documentary requirements of §123.1(c)(4) and (5) concerning purchase orders, letters of intent, contracts and non-transfer and end use certificates, or the documentary requirements of §123.9, concerning approval of re-exports or re-transfers, when all of the following requirements are met:


    1. The proposed exports or re-exports concern exclusively one or more countries of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (see §120.31 of this subchapter) and/or one or more countries which have been designated in accordance with section 517 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and with section 1206 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003 as a major non-NATO ally (see §120.32 of this subchapter).


    2. The proposed exports concern exclusively one or more foreign persons (e.g., companies or governments) located within the territories of the countries identified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, and one or more commercial communications satellite programs included within a list of such persons and programs approved by the U.S. Government for purposes of this section, as signified in a list of such persons and programs that will be publicly available through the Internet Web site of the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls and by other means.


    3. The articles are not major defense equipment sold under a contract in the amount of

      $14,000,000 or more or defense articles or defense services sold under a contract in the amount of $50,000,000 or more (for which purpose, as is customary, exporters may not split contracts or purchase orders). Items meeting these statutory thresholds must be submitted on a separate license application to permit the required notification to Congress pursuant to section 36(c) of the Arms Export Control Act.

    4. The articles are not detailed design, development, manufacturing or production data and do not involve the manufacture abroad of significant military equipment.


    5. The U.S. exporter provides complete shipment information to the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls within 15 days of shipment by submitting a report containing a description of the item and the quantity, value, port of exit, and end-user and country of destination of the item, and at that time meets the documentary requirements of §123.1(c)(4) and (5), the documentary requirements of §123.9 in the case of re-exports or re-transfers, and, other documentary requirements that may be imposed as a condition of a license (e.g., parts control plans for MTCR-controlled items). The shipment information reported must include a description of the item and quantity, value, port of exit and end user and country of destination of the item.


    6. At any time in which an item exported pursuant to this section is proposed for re-transfer outside of the approved territory, programs or persons (e.g., such as in the case of an item included in a satellite for launch beyond the approved territory), the detailed requirements of §123.9 apply with regard to obtaining the prior written consent of the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls.


  2. The re-export or re-transfer of the articles authorized for export (including to specified re-export destinations) in accordance with this section do not require the separate prior written approval of the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls provided all of the requirements in paragraph (a) of this section are met.


  3. The Directorate of Defense Trade Controls will consider, on a case-by-case basis, requests to include additional foreign companies and satellite programs within the geographic coverage of a license application submitted pursuant to this section from countries not otherwise covered, who are members of the European Space Agency or the European Union. In no case, however, can the provisions of this section apply or be relied upon by U.S. exporters in the case of countries who are subject to the mandatory requirements of Section 1514 of the Strom Thurmond National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 (Pub. L. 105-261), concerning national security controls on satellite export licensing.


  4. Registered U.S. exporters may request at the time of a license application submitted pursuant to this section that additional foreign persons or communications satellite programs be added to the lists referred to in paragraph (a)(2) of this section, which additions, if approved, will be included within the publicly available lists of authorized recipients and programs.


[65 FR 34091, May 26, 2000, as amended at 67 FR 58988, Sept. 19, 2002; 69 FR 40314, July 2, 2004; 70 FR 50963, Aug. 29,

2005; 71 FR 20542, Apr. 21, 2006]


§123.28 Scope of a license.


Unless limited by a condition set out in a license, the export, reexport, retransfer, or temporary import authorized by a license is for the item(s), end-use(s), and parties described in the license application and any letters of explanation. DDTC grants licenses in reliance on representations the applicant made in or submitted in connection with the license application, letters of explanation, and other documents submitted.


[81 FR 35616, June 3, 2016]

Title 22: Foreign Relations


PART 124—AGREEMENTS, OFF-SHORE PROCUREMENT, AND OTHER DEFENSE SERVICES


Contents

§124.1 Manufacturing license agreements and technical assistance agreements.

§124.2 Exemptions for training and military service.

§124.3 Exports of technical data in furtherance of an agreement.

§124.4 Deposit of signed agreements with the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls.

§124.5 Proposed agreements that are not concluded.

§124.6 Termination of manufacturing license agreements and technical assistance agreements.

§124.7 Information required in all manufacturing license agreements and technical assistance agreements.

§124.8 Clauses required both in manufacturing license agreements and technical assistance agreements.

§124.9 Additional clauses required only in manufacturing license agreements.

§124.10 Nontransfer and use assurances.

§124.11 Congressional certification pursuant to Section 36(d) of the Arms Export Control Act.

§124.12 Required information in letters of transmittal.

§124.13 Procurement by United States persons in foreign countries (offshore procurement).

§124.14 Exports to warehouses or distribution points outside the United States.

§124.15 Special Export Controls for Defense Articles and Defense Services Controlled under Category XV: Space Systems and Space Launches.

image

§124.16 Special retransfer authorizations for unclassified technical data and defense services to member states of NATO and the European Union, Australia, Japan, New Zealand, and Switzerland.

§124.16 [Reserved]


image


AUTHORITY: Secs. 2, 38, and 71, Pub. L. 90-629, 90 Stat. 744 (22 U.S.C. 2752, 2778, 2797); 22 U.S.C. 2651a; 22

U.S.C. 2776; Section 1514, Pub. L. 105-261; Pub. L. 111-266; Section 1261, Pub. L. 112-239; E.O. 13637, 78 FR

16129.


SOURCE: 58 FR 39305, July 22, 1993, unless otherwise noted.


§124.1 Manufacturing license agreements and technical assistance agreements.


  1. Approval. The approval of the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls must be obtained before the defense services described in §120.9(a) of this subchapter may be furnished. In order to obtain such approval, the U.S. person must submit a proposed agreement to the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. Such agreements are generally characterized as manufacturing license agreements, technical assistance agreements, distribution agreements, or off-shore procurement agreements, and may not enter into force without the prior written approval of the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. Once approved, the defense services described in the agreements may generally be provided without further licensing in accordance with §§124.3 and 125.4(b)(2) of this subchapter. The requirements of this section apply whether or not technical data is to be disclosed or used in the performance of the defense services described in §120.9(a) of this subchapter (e.g., all the information relied upon by the U.S. person in performing the defense service is in the public domain or is otherwise exempt from licensing requirements of this subchapter pursuant to §125.4 of this subchapter). This requirement also applies to the training of any foreign military forces, regular and irregular, in the use of defense articles. Technical assistance agreements must be submitted in such cases. In exceptional cases, the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, upon written request, will consider approving the provision of defense services described in §120.9(a) of this subchapter by granting a license under part 125 of this subchapter.

  2. Classified articles. Copies of approved agreements involving the release of classified defense articles will be forwarded by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls to the Defense Security Service of the Department of Defense.


  3. Amendments. Changes to the scope of approved agreements, including modifications, upgrades, or extensions must be submitted for approval. The amendments may not enter into force until approved by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls.


  4. Minor amendments. Amendments which only alter delivery or performance schedules, or other minor administrative amendments which do not affect in any manner the duration of the agreement or the clauses or information which must be included in such agreements because of the requirements of this part, do not have to be submitted for approval. One copy of all such minor amendments must be submitted to the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls within thirty days after they are concluded.


  5. Unless limited by a condition set out in an agreement, the export, reexport, retransfer, or temporary import authorized by a license is for the item(s), end-use(s), and parties described in the agreement, license, and any letters of explanation. DDTC approves agreements and grants licenses in reliance on representations the applicant made in or submitted in connection with the agreement, letters of explanation, and other documents submitted.


[71 FR 20542, Apr. 21, 2006, as amended at 75 FR 52624, Aug. 27, 2010; 81 FR 35616, June 3, 2016]


§124.2 Exemptions for training and military service.

  1. Technical assistance agreements are not required for the provision of training in the basic operation and maintenance of defense articles lawfully exported or authorized for export to the same recipient. This does not include training in intermediate and depot level maintenance.


  2. Services performed as a member of the regular military forces of a foreign nation by U.S. persons who have been drafted into such forces are not deemed to be defense services for purposes of

    §120.9 of this subchapter.


  3. NATO countries, Australia, Japan, and Sweden, in addition to the basic maintenance training exemption provided in §124.2(a) and basic maintenance information exemption in §125.4(b)(5) of this subchapter, no technical assistance agreement is required for maintenance training or the performance of maintenance, including the export of supporting technical data, when the following criteria can be met:


    1. Defense services are for unclassified U.S.-origin defense articles lawfully exported or authorized for export and owned or operated by and in the inventory of NATO or the Federal Governments of NATO countries, Australia, Japan or Sweden.


    2. This defense service exemption does not apply to any transaction involving defense services for which congressional notification is required in accordance with §123.15 and §124.11 of this subchapter.


    3. Maintenance training or the performance of maintenance must be limited to inspection, testing, calibration or repair, including overhaul, reconditioning and one-to-one replacement of any defective items, parts or components; and excluding any modification, enhancement, upgrade or other form of alteration or improvement that enhances the performance or capability of the defense article. This does not preclude maintenance training or the performance of maintenance that would result in enhancements or improvements only in the reliability or maintainability of the defense article, such as an increased mean time between failure (MTBF).

    4. Supporting technical data must be unclassified and must not include software documentation on the design or details of the computer software, software source code, design methodology, engineering analysis or manufacturing know-how such as that described in paragraphs (c)4)(i) through (c)(4)(iii) as follows:


      1. Design methodology, such as: The underlying engineering methods and design philosophy utilized (i.e., the “why” or information that explains the rationale for particular design decision, engineering feature, or performance requirement); engineering experience (e.g., lessons learned); and the rationale and associated databases (e.g., design allowables, factors of safety, component life predictions, failure analysis criteria) that establish the operational requirements (e.g., performance, mechanical, electrical, electronic, reliability and maintainability) of a defense article.


      2. Engineering analysis, such as: Analytical methods and tools used to design or evaluate a defense article's performance against the operational requirements. Analytical methods and tools include the development and/or use of mockups, computer models and simulations, and test facilities.


      3. Manufacturing know-how, such as: Information that provides detailed manufacturing processes and techniques needed to translate a detailed design into a qualified, finished defense article.


    5. This defense service exemption does not apply to maintenance training or the performance of maintenance and service or the transfer of supporting technical data for the following defense articles:


      1. All Missile Technology Control Regime Annex Items;


      2. Firearms listed in Category I; and ammunition listed in Category III for the firearms in Category I;


      3. [Reserved]


      4. Naval nuclear propulsion equipment listed in USML Category VI and USML Category XX;


      5. Gas turbine engine hot sections covered by Categories XIX(f);


      6. Category VIII(f);


      7. Category XII(c);


      8. Chemical agents listed in Category XIV (a), biological agents in Category XIV (b), and equipment listed in Category XIV (c) for dissemination of the chemical agents and biological agents listed in Categories XIV (a) and (b);


      9. [Reserved]


      10. Category XV;


      11. [Reserved]


      12. Submersible and semi-submersible vessels and related articles covered in USML Category XX; or

      13. Miscellaneous articles covered by Category XXI.


    6. Eligibility criteria for foreign persons. Foreign persons eligible to receive technical data or maintenance training under this exemption are limited to nationals of the NATO countries, Australia, Japan, or Sweden.


[58 FR 39305, July 22, 1993, as amended at 65 FR 45283, July 21, 2000; 66 FR 35899, July 10, 2001; 71 FR 20543, Apr. 21, 2006;

78 FR 40933, July 8, 2013; 79 FR 47, Jan. 2, 2014; 81 FR 87429, Dec. 5, 2016]


§124.3 Exports of technical data in furtherance of an agreement.


  1. Unclassified technical data. The U.S. Customs and Border Protection or U.S. Postal authorities shall permit the export without a license of unclassified technical data if the export is in furtherance of a manufacturing license or technical assistance agreement which has been approved in writing by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC) and the technical data does not exceed the scope or limitations of the relevant agreement. The approval of the DDTC must be obtained for the export of any unclassified technical data that may exceed the terms of the agreement.


  2. Classified technical data. The export of classified information in furtherance of an approved manufacturing license or technical assistance agreement which provides for the transmittal of classified information does not require further approval from the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls when:


    1. The United States party certifies to the Department of Defense transmittal authority that the classified information does not exceed the technical or product limitations in the agreement; and


    2. The U.S. party complies with the requirements of the Department of Defense National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual concerning the transmission of classified information (unless such requirements are in direct conflict with guidance provided by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, in which case the latter guidance must be followed) and any other requirements of cognizant U.S. departments or agencies.


[58 FR 39305, July 22, 1993, as amended at 68 FR 61102, Oct. 27, 2003; 70 FR 50963, Aug. 29, 2005; 71 FR 20543, Apr. 21,

2006]


§124.4 Deposit of signed agreements with the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls.


  1. The United States party to a manufacturing license or a technical assistance agreement must file one copy of the concluded agreement with the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls not later than 30 days after it enters into force. If the agreement is not concluded within one year of the date of approval, the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls must be notified in writing and be kept informed of the status of the agreement until the requirements of this paragraph or the requirements of §124.5 are satisfied.


  2. In the case of concluded agreements involving coproduction or licensed production outside of the United States of defense articles of United States origin, a written statement must accompany filing of the concluded agreement with the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, which shall include:


    1. The identity of the foreign countries, international organization, or foreign firms involved;


    2. A description and the estimated value of the articles authorized to be produced, and an estimate of the quantity of the articles authorized to be produced:


    3. A description of any restrictions on third-party transfers of the foreign-manufactured articles; and

    4. If any such agreement does not provide for United States access to and verification of quantities of articles produced overseas and their disposition in the foreign country, a description of alternative measures and controls to ensure compliance with restrictions in the agreement on production quantities and third-party transfers.


[62 FR 67276, Dec. 24, 1997, as amended at 71 FR 20543, Apr. 21, 2006]


§124.5 Proposed agreements that are not concluded.


The United States party to any proposed manufacturing license agreement or technical assistance agreement must inform the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls if a decision is made not to conclude the agreement. The information must be provided within 60 days of the date of the decision. These requirements apply only if the approval of the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls was obtained for the agreement to be concluded (with or without any provisos).


[71 FR 20543, Apr. 21, 2006]


§124.6 Termination of manufacturing license agreements and technical assistance agreements.


The U.S. party to a manufacturing license or a technical assistance agreement must inform the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls in writing of the impending termination of the agreement not less than 30 days prior to the expiration date of such agreement.


[71 FR 20543, Apr. 21, 2006]


§124.7 Information required in all manufacturing license agreements and technical assistance agreements.


  1. The following information must be included in all proposed manufacturing license agreements and technical assistance agreements. The information should be provided in terms which are as precise as possible. If the applicant believes that a clause or that required information is not relevant or necessary, the applicant may request the omission of the clause or information. The transmittal letter accompanying the agreement must state the reasons for any proposed variation in the clauses or required information.


    1. The agreement must describe the defense article to be manufactured and all defense articles to be exported, including any test and support equipment or advanced materials. They should be described by military nomenclature, contract number, National Stock Number, nameplate data, or other specific information. Only defense articles listed in the agreement will be eligible for export under the exemption in §123.16(b)(1) of this subchapter.


    2. The agreement must specifically describe the assistance and technical data, including the design and manufacturing know-how involved, to be furnished and any manufacturing rights to be granted;


    3. The agreement must specify its duration; and


    4. The agreement must specifically identify the countries or areas in which manufacturing, production, processing, sale or other form of transfer is to be licensed.


  2. [Reserved]


[58 FR 39305, July 22, 1993, as amended at 81 FR 54736, Aug. 17, 2016]

§124.8 Clauses required both in manufacturing license agreements and technical assistance agreements.


  1. The following statements must be included both in manufacturing license agreements and in technical assistance agreements:


    1. “This agreement shall not enter into force, and shall not be amended or extended, without the prior written approval of the Department of State of the U.S. Government.”


    2. “This agreement is subject to all United States laws and regulations relating to exports and to all administrative acts of the U.S. Government pursuant to such laws and regulations.”


    3. “The parties to this agreement agree that the obligations contained in this agreement shall not affect the performance of any obligations created by prior contracts or subcontracts which the parties may have individually or collectively with the U.S. Government.”


    4. “No liability will be incurred by or attributed to the U.S. Government in connection with any possible infringement of privately owned patent or proprietary rights, either domestic or foreign, by reason of the U.S. Government's approval of this agreement.”


    5. The technical data or defense service exported from the United States in furtherance of this agreement and any defense article which may be produced or manufactured from such technical data or defense service may not be transferred to a foreign person except pursuant to §126.18, as specifically authorized in this agreement, or where prior written approval of the Department of State has been obtained.


    6. “All provisions in this agreement which refer to the United States Government and the Department of State will remain binding on the parties after the termination of the agreement.”


  2. [Reserved]


[58 FR 39305, July 22, 1993, as amended at 76 FR 28177, May 16, 2011; 81 FR 35616, June 3, 2016; 81 FR 54736, Aug. 17, 2016]


§124.9 Additional clauses required only in manufacturing license agreements.


  1. Clauses for all manufacturing license agreements. The following clauses must be included only in manufacturing license agreements:


    1. “No export, sale, transfer, or other disposition of the licensed article is authorized to any country outside the territory wherein manufacture or sale is herein licensed without the prior written approval of the U.S. Government unless otherwise exempted by the U.S. Government. Sales or other transfers of the licensed article shall be limited to governments of countries wherein manufacture or sale is hereby licensed and to private entities seeking to procure the licensed article pursuant to a contract with any such government unless the prior written approval of the

      U.S. Government is obtained.”


    2. “It is agreed that sales by licensee or its sub-licensees under contracts made through the U.S. Government will not include either charges for patent rights in which the U.S. Government holds a royalty-free license, or charges for data which the U.S. Government has a right to use and disclose to others, which are in the public domain, or which the U.S. Government has acquired or is entitled to acquire without restrictions upon their use and disclosure to others.”


    3. “If the U.S. Government is obligated or becomes obligated to pay to the licensor royalties, fees, or other charges for the use of technical data or patents which are involved in the manufacture,

      use, or sale of any licensed article, any royalties, fees or other charges in connection with purchases of such licensed article from licensee or its sub-licensees with funds derived through the U.S. Government may not exceed the total amount the U.S. Government would have been obligated to pay the licensor directly.”


    4. “If the U.S. Government has made financial or other contributions to the design and development of any licensed article, any charges for technical assistance or know-how relating to the item in connection with purchases of such articles from licensee or sub-licensees with funds derived through the U.S. Government must be proportionately reduced to reflect the U.S. Government contributions, and subject to the provisions of paragraphs (a) (2) and (3) of this section, no other royalties, or fees or other charges may be assessed against U.S. Government funded purchases of such articles. However, charges may be made for reasonable reproduction, handling, mailing, or similar administrative costs incident to the furnishing of such data.”


    5. “The parties to this agreement agree that an annual report of sales or other transfers pursuant to this agreement of the licensed articles, by quantity, type, U.S. dollar value, and purchaser or recipient, shall be provided by (applicant or licensee) to the Department of State.” This clause must specify which party is obligated to provide the annual report. Such reports may be submitted either directly by the licensee or indirectly through the licensor, and may cover calendar or fiscal years. Reports shall be deemed proprietary information by the Department of State and will not be disclosed to unauthorized persons. See §126.10(b) of this subchapter.


    6. (Licensee) agrees to incorporate the following statement as an integral provision of a contract, commercial invoice or other appropriate document whenever the licensed articles are sold or otherwise transferred:


      “These items are controlled by the U.S. Government and authorized for export only to the country of ultimate destination for use by the ultimate consignee or end-user(s) herein identified. They may not be resold, transferred, or otherwise disposed of, to any other country or to any person other than the authorized ultimate consignee or end-user(s), either in their original form or after being incorporated into other items, without first obtaining approval from the U.S. government or as otherwise authorized by U.S. law and regulations.”


  2. Special clause for agreements relating to significant military equipment. With respect to an agreement for the production of significant military equipment, the following additional provisions must be included in the agreement:


    1. “A completed nontransfer and use certificate (DSP-83) must be executed by the foreign end-user and submitted to the Department of State of the United States before any transfer may take place.”


    2. “The prior written approval of the U.S. Government must be obtained before entering into a commitment for the transfer of the licensed article by sale or otherwise to any person or government outside of the approved sales territory.”


[58 FR 39305, July 22, 1993, as amended at 81 FR 54736, Aug. 17, 2016]


§124.10 Nontransfer and use assurances.


  1. Types of agreements requiring assurances. With respect to any manufacturing license agreement or technical assistance agreement which relates to significant military equipment or classified defense articles, including classified technical data, a Nontransfer and Use Certificate (Form DSP-83) (see

    §123.10 of this subchapter) signed by the applicant and the foreign party must be submitted to the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. With respect to all agreements involving classified articles,

    including classified technical data, an authorized representative of the foreign government must sign the DSP-83 (or provide the same assurances in the form of a diplomatic note), unless the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls has granted an exception to this requirement. The Directorate of Defense Trade Controls may require that a DSP-83 be provided in conjunction with an agreement that does not relate to significant military equipment or classified defense articles. The Directorate of Defense Trade Controls may also require with respect to any agreement that an appropriate authority of the foreign party's government also sign the DSP-83 (or provide the same assurances in the form of a diplomatic note).


  2. Timing of submission of assurances. Submission of a Form DSP-83 and/or diplomatic note must occur as follows:


    1. Agreements which have been signed by all parties before being submitted to the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls may only be submitted along with any required DSP-83 and/or diplomatic note.


    2. If an agreement has not been signed by all parties before being submitted, the required DSP-83 and/or diplomatic note must be submitted along with the signed agreement.


NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (b): In no case may a transfer occur before a required DSP-83 and/or diplomatic note has been submitted to the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls.


[59 FR 29951, June 10, 1994, as amended at 71 FR 20543, Apr. 21, 2006]


§124.11 Congressional certification pursuant to Section 36(d) of the Arms Export Control Act.


  1. The Arms Export Control Act requires that a certification be provided to the Congress prior to the granting of any approval of a manufacturing license agreement or technical assistance agreement as defined in Sections 120.21 and 120.22 respectively for the manufacturing abroad of any item of significant military equipment (see §120.7 of this subchapter) that is entered into with any country regardless of dollar value. Additionally, any manufacturing license agreement or technical assistance agreement providing for the export of major defense equipment, as defined in §120.8 of this subchapter shall also require a certification when meeting the requirements of §123.15 of this subchapter.


  2. Unless an emergency exists which requires the immediate approval of the agreement in the national security interests of the United States, approval may not be granted until at least 15 calendar days have elapsed after receipt by the Congress of the certification required by 22 U.S.C. 2776(d)(1) involving the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, any member country of that Organization, or Australia, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, or the Republic of Korea or at least 30 calendar days have elapsed for any other country. Approvals may not be granted when the Congress has enacted a joint resolution prohibiting the export.


  3. Persons who intend to export defense articles and defense services pursuant to any exemption in this subchapter under the circumstances described in this section and section 123.15 must provide written notification to the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls and include a signed contract and a DSP-83 signed by the applicant, the foreign consignee and the end-user.


[70 FR 34654, June 15, 2005, as amended at 73 FR 38343, Aug. 3, 2009; 77 FR 16599, Mar. 21, 2012]

§124.12 Required information in letters of transmittal.


  1. An application for the approval of a manufacturing license or technical assistance agreement with a foreign person must be accompanied by an explanatory letter. The explanatory letter shall contain:


    1. A statement giving the applicant's Directorate of Defense Trade Controls registration number.


    2. A statement identifying the licensee and the scope of the agreement.


    3. A statement identifying the U.S. Government contract under which the equipment or technical data was generated, improved, or developed and supplied to the U.S. Government, and whether the equipment or technical data was derived from any bid or other proposal to the U.S. Government.


    4. A statement giving the military security classification of the equipment or technical data.


    5. A statement identifying any patent application which discloses any of the subject matter of the equipment or technical data covered by an invention secrecy order issued by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.


    6. A statement of the actual or estimated value of the agreement, including the estimated value of all defense articles to be exported in furtherance of the agreement or amendments thereto. If the value is $500,000 or more, an additional statement must be made regarding the payment of political contributions, fees or commissions, pursuant to part 130 of this subchapter.


    7. A statement indicating whether any foreign military sales credits or loan guarantees are or will be involved in financing the agreement.


    8. The agreement must describe any classified information involved and identify, from Department of Defense form DD254, the address and telephone number of the U.S. Government office that classified the information.


    9. For agreements that may require the export of classified information, the Defense Security Service cognizant security offices that have responsibility for the facilities of the U.S. parties to the agreement shall be identified. The facility security clearance codes of the U.S. parties shall also be provided.


    10. A statement specifying whether the applicant is requesting retransfer of defense articles and defense services pursuant to §124.16 of this subchapter.

      [81 FR 35617, June 3, 2016]


  2. The following statements must be made in the letter of transmittal:


    1. “If the agreement is approved by the Department of State, such approval will not be construed by (the applicant) as passing on the legality of the agreement from the standpoint of antitrust laws or other applicable statutes, nor will (the applicant) construe the Department's approval as constituting either approval or disapproval of any of the business terms or conditions between the parties to the agreement.”


    2. “The (applicant) will not permit the proposed agreement to enter into force until it has been approved by the Department of State.”


    3. “The (applicant) will furnish the Department of State with one copy of the signed agreement (or amendment) within 30 days from the date that the agreement is concluded and will inform the

      Department of its termination not less than 30 days prior to expiration and provide information on the continuation of any foreign rights or the flow of technical data to the foreign party. If a decision is made not to conclude the proposed agreement, the applicant will so inform the Department within 60 days.”


    4. “If this agreement grants any rights to sub-license, it will be amended to require that all sub- licensing arrangements incorporate all the provisions of the basic agreement that refer to the

U.S. Government and the Department of State (i.e., 22 CFR 124.8 and 124.9).”


[58 FR 39305, July 22, 1993, as amended at 71 FR 20543, Apr. 21, 2006; 72 FR 71786, Dec. 19, 2007; 81 FR 35617, June 3, 2016;

81 FR 54736, Aug. 17, 2016; 81 FR 87430, Dec. 5, 2016]


§124.13 Procurement by United States persons in foreign countries (offshore procurement).


Notwithstanding the other provisions in part 124 of this subchapter, the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls may authorize by means of a license (DSP-5) the export of unclassified technical data to foreign persons for offshore procurement of defense articles, provided that:


  1. The contract or purchase order for offshore procurement limits delivery of the defense articles to be produced only to the person in the United States or to an agency of the U.S. Government; and


  2. The technical data of U.S.-origin to be used in the foreign manufacture of defense articles does not exceed that required for bid purposes on a build-to-print basis (build-to-print means producing an end-item (i.e., system, subsystem or component) from technical drawings and specifications (which contain no process or know-how information) without the need for additional technical assistance). Release of supporting documentation (e.g., acceptance criteria, object code software for numerically controlled machines) is permissible. Build-to-print does not include the release of any information which discloses design methodology, engineering analysis, detailed process information or manufacturing know-how); and


  3. The contract or purchase order between the person in the United States and the foreign person:


    1. Limits the use of the technical data to the manufacture of the defense articles required by the contract or purchase order only; and


    2. Prohibits the disclosure of the data to any other person except subcontractors within the same country; and


    3. Prohibits the acquisition of any rights in the data by any foreign person; and


    4. Provides that any subcontracts between foreign persons in the approved country for manufacture of equipment for delivery pursuant to the contract or purchase order contain all the limitations of this paragraph (c); and


    5. Requires the foreign person, including subcontractors, to destroy or return to the person in the United States all of the technical data exported pursuant to the contract or purchase order upon fulfillment of their terms; and


    6. Requires delivery of the defense articles manufactured abroad only to the person in the United States or to an agency of the U.S. Government; and


  4. The person in the United States provides the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls with a copy of each contract, purchase order or subcontract for offshore procurement at the time it is accepted.

    Each such contract, purchase order or subcontract must clearly identify the article to be produced and must identify the license number or exemption under which the technical data was exported; and


  5. Licenses issued pursuant to this section must be renewed prior to their expiration if offshore procurement is to be extended beyond the period of validity of the original approved license. In all instances a license for offshore procurement must state as the purpose “Offshore procurement in accordance with the conditions established in the ITAR, including §124.13. No other use will be made of the technical data.” If the technical data involved in an offshore procurement arrangement is otherwise exempt from the licensing requirements of this subchapter (e.g., §126.4), the DSP-5 referred to in the first sentence of this section is not required. However, the exporter must comply with the other requirements of this section and provide a written certification to the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls annually of the offshore procurement activity and cite the exemption under which the technical data was exported. The exemptions under §125.4 of this subchapter may not be used to establish offshore procurement arrangements.


[58 FR 39305, July 22, 1993, as amended at 64 FR 17534, Apr. 12, 1999; 71 FR 20543, Apr. 21, 2006]


§124.14 Exports to warehouses or distribution points outside the United States.


  1. Agreements. Agreements (e.g., contracts) between U.S. persons and foreign persons for the warehousing and distribution of defense articles must be approved by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls before they enter into force. Such agreements will be limited to unclassified defense articles and must contain conditions for special distribution, end-use and reporting. Licenses for exports pursuant to such agreements must be obtained prior to exports of the defense articles unless an exemption under §123.16(b)(1) of this subchapter is applicable.


  2. Required information. Proposed warehousing and distribution agreements (and amendments thereto) shall be submitted to the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls for approval. The following information must be included in all such agreements:


    1. A description of the defense articles involved including test and support equipment covered by the U.S. Munitions List. This shall include when applicable the military nomenclature, the Federal stock number, nameplate data, and any control numbers under which the defense articles were developed or procured by the U.S. Government. Only those defense articles specifically listed in the agreement will be eligible for export under the exemption in §123.16(b)(1) of this subchapter.


    2. A detailed statement of the terms and conditions under which the defense articles will be exported and distributed;


    3. The duration of the proposed agreement;


    4. Specific identification of the country or countries that comprise the distribution territory. Distribution must be specifically limited to the governments of such countries or to private entities seeking to procure defense articles pursuant to a contract with a government within the distribution territory or to other eligible entities as specified by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. Consequently, any deviation from this condition must be fully explained and justified. A nontransfer and use certificate (DSP-83) will be required to the same extent required in licensing agreements under §124.9(b).


  3. Required statements. The following statements must be included in all warehousing and distribution agreements:


    1. “This agreement shall not enter into force, and may not be amended or extended, without the prior written approval of the Department of State of U.S. Government.”

    2. “This agreement is subject to all United States laws and regulations related to exports and to all administrative acts of the United States Government pursuant to such laws and regulations.


    3. “The parties to this agreement agree that the obligations contained in this agreement shall not affect the performance of any obligations created by prior contracts or subcontracts which the parties may have individually or collectively with the U.S. Government.”


    4. “No liability will be incurred by or attributed to the U.S. Government in connection with any possible infringement of privately owned patent or proprietary rights, either domestic or foreign by reason of the U.S. Government's approval of this agreement.”


    5. “No export, sale, transfer, or other disposition of the defense articles covered by this agreement is authorized to any country outside the distribution territory without the prior written approval of the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls of the U.S. Department of State.”


    6. “The parties to this agreement agree that an annual report of sales or other transfers pursuant to this agreement of the licensed articles, by quantity, type, U.S. dollar value, and purchaser or recipient shall be provided by (applicant or licensee) to the Department of State.” This clause must specify which party is obligated to provide the annual report. Such reports may be submitted either directly by the licensee or indirectly through the licensor, and may cover calendar or fiscal years. Reports shall be deemed proprietary information by the Department of State and will not be disclosed to unauthorized persons. (See §126.10(b) of this subchapter.)


    7. “(Licensee) agrees to incorporate the following statement as an integral provision of a contract, invoice or other appropriate document whenever the articles covered by this agreement are sold or otherwise transferred:


      “These items are controlled by the U.S. Government and authorized for export only to the country of ultimate destination for use by the ultimate consignee or end-user(s) herein identified. They may not be resold, transferred, or otherwise disposed of, to any other country or to any person other than the authorized ultimate consignee or end-user(s), either in their original form or after being incorporated into other items, without first obtaining approval from the U.S. government or as otherwise authorized by U.S. law and regulations.”


    8. “All provisions in this agreement which refer to the United States Government and the Department of State will remain binding on the parties after the termination of the agreement.”


    9. Additional clause. Unless the articles covered by the agreement are in fact intended to be distributed to private persons or entities (e.g., sporting firearms for commercial resale, cryptographic devices and software for financial and business applications), the following clause must be included in all warehousing and distribution agreements: “Sales or other transfers of the licensed article shall be limited to governments of the countries in the distribution territory and to private entities seeking to procure the licensed article pursuant to a contract with a government within the distribution territory, unless the prior written approval of the U.S. Department of State is obtained.”


  4. Special clauses for agreements relating to significant military equipment. With respect to agreements for the warehousing and distribution of significant military equipment, the following additional provisions must be included in the agreement:


    1. A completed nontransfer and use certificate (DSP-83) must be executed by the foreign end-user and submitted to the U.S. Department of State before any transfer may take place.

    2. The prior written approval of the U.S. Department of State must be obtained before entering into a commitment for the transfer of the licensed article by sale or otherwise to any person or government outside the approved distribution territory.


  5. Transmittal letters. Requests for approval of warehousing and distribution agreements with foreign persons must be made by letter. The letter shall contain:


    1. A statement giving the applicant's Directorate of Defense Trade Controls registration number.


    2. A statement identifying the foreign party to the agreement.


    3. A statement identifying the defense articles to be distributed under the agreement.


    4. A statement identifying any U.S. Government contract under which the equipment may have been generated, improved, developed or supplied to the U.S. Government, and whether the equipment was derived from any bid or other proposal to the U.S. Government.


    5. A statement that no classified defense articles or classified technical data are involved.


    6. A statement identifying any patent application which discloses any of the subject matter of the equipment or related technical data covered by an invention secrecy order issued by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.


  6. Required clauses. The following statements must be made in the letter of transmittal:


    1. “If the agreement is approved by the Department of State, such approval will not be construed by (applicant) as passing on the legality of the agreement from the standpoint of antitrust laws or other applicable statutes, nor will (the applicant) construe the Department's approval as constituting either approval or disapproval of any of the business terms or conditions between the parties to the agreement.”


    2. “The (applicant) will not permit the proposed agreement to enter into force until it has been approved by the Department of State.”


    3. “(Applicant) will furnish the Department of State with one copy of the signed agreement (or amendment thereto) within 30 days from the date that the agreement is concluded, and will inform the Department of its termination not less than 30 days prior to expiration. If a decision is made not to conclude the proposed agreement, (applicant) will so inform the Department within 60 days.”


[58 FR 39305, July 22, 1993, as amended at 71 FR 20544, Apr. 21, 2006; 81 FR 54736, Aug. 17, 2016]


§124.15 Special Export Controls for Defense Articles and Defense Services Controlled under Category XV: Space Systems and Space Launches.


  1. The export of a satellite or related item controlled by Category XV of part 121 of this subchapter or any defense service controlled by this subchapter associated with the launch in, or by nationals of, a country that is not a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) or a major non-NATO ally of the United States always requires special export controls, in addition to other export controls required by this subchapter, as follows:


    1. All licenses and other requests for approval require a technology transfer control plan (TTCP) approved by the Department of Defense and an encryption technology control plan approved by the National Security Agency. Drafts reflecting advance discussions with both agencies must

      accompany submission of the license application or proposed technical assistance agreement, and the letter of transmittal required in §124.12 must identify the U.S. Government officials familiar with the preparation of the draft TTCPs. The TTCP must require any U.S. person or entity involved in the export to notify the Department of Defense in advance of all meetings and interactions with any foreign person or entity that is a party to the export and require such U.S. person or entity to certify that it has complied with this notification requirement within 30 days after launch.


    2. The U.S. person must make arrangements with the Department of Defense for monitoring. The costs of such monitoring services must be fully reimbursed to the Department of Defense by the

      U.S. person receiving such services. The letter of transmittal required under §124.12 must also state that such reimbursement arrangements have been made with the Department of Defense and identify the specific Department of Defense official with whom these arrangements have been made. As required by Public Law 105-261, such monitoring will cover, but not be limited to—


      1. Technical discussions and activities, including the design, development, operation, maintenance, modification, and repair of satellites, satellite components, missiles, other equipment, launch facilities, and launch vehicles;


      2. Satellite processing and launch activities, including launch preparation, satellite transportation, integration of the satellite with the launch vehicle, testing and checkout prior to launch, satellite launch, and return of equipment to the United States;


      3. Activities relating to launch failure, delay, or cancellation, including post-launch failure investigations or analyses with regard to either the launcher or the satellite; and


      4. All other aspects of the launch.


  2. Mandatory licenses for launch failure (crash) investigations or analyses of any satellite controlled pursuant to this subchapter or subject to the EAR: In the event of a failure of a launch from a foreign country (including a post liftoff failure to reach proper orbit)—


    1. The activities of U.S. persons or entities in connection with any subsequent investigation or analysis of the failure continue to be subject to the controls established under section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act, including the requirements under this subchapter for express approval prior to participation in such investigations or analyses, regardless of whether a license was issued under this subchapter for the initial export of the satellite or satellite component;


    2. Officials of the Department of Defense must monitor all activities associated with the investigation or analyses to insure against unauthorized transfer of technical data or services and U.S. persons must follow the procedures set forth in paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this section.


  3. Although Public Law 105-261 does not require the application of special export controls for the launch of U.S.-origin satellites and components from or by nationals of countries that are members of NATO or major non-NATO allies, such export controls may nonetheless be applied, in addition to any other export controls required under this subchapter, as appropriate in furtherance of the security and foreign policy of the United States. Further, the export of any article or defense service controlled under this subchapter to any destination may also require that the special export controls identified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this section be applied in furtherance of the security and foreign policy of the United States.

  4. Mandatory licenses for exports to insurance providers and underwriters: None of the exemptions or sub-licensing provisions available in this subchapter may be used for the export of technical data in order to obtain or satisfy insurance requirements. Such exports are always subject to the prior approval and re-transfer requirements of sections 3 and 38 of the Arms Export Control Act, as applied by relevant provisions of this subchapter.


[64 FR 13681, Mar. 22, 1999, as amended at 79 FR 27189, May 13, 2014]


§124.16 Special retransfer authorizations for unclassified technical data and defense services to member states of NATO and the European Union, Australia, Japan, New Zealand, and Switzerland.


The provisions of §124.8(5) of this subchapter notwithstanding, the Department may approve access to unclassified defense articles exported in furtherance of or produced as a result of a TAA/MLA, and retransfer of technical data and defense services to individuals who are dual national or third-country national employees of the foreign signatory or its approved sub-licensees, including the transfer to dual nationals or third-country nationals who are bona fide regular employees, directly employed by the foreign signatory or approved sub-licensees, provided they are nationals exclusively of countries that are members of NATO the European Union, Australia, Japan, New Zealand, and Switzerland and their employer is a signatory to the agreement or has executed a Non Disclosure Agreement. The retransfer must take place completely within the physical territories of these countries or the United States. Permanent retransfer of hardware is not authorized.


[76 FR 28177, May 16, 2011]


§124.16 [Reserved]


[81 FR 35617, June 3, 2016]

Title 22: Foreign Relations


PART 125—LICENSES FOR THE EXPORT OF TECHNICAL DATA AND CLASSIFIED DEFENSE ARTICLES


Contents

§125.1 Exports subject to this part.

§125.2 Exports of unclassified technical data.

§125.3 Exports of classified technical data and classified defense articles.

§125.4 Exemptions of general applicability.

§125.5 Exemptions for plant visits.

§125.6 Certification requirements for exemptions.

§125.7 Procedures for the export of classified technical data and other classified defense articles.

§125.8 [Reserved]

§125.9 Filing of licenses and other authorizations for exports of classified technical data and classified defense articles.


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AUTHORITY: Secs. 2 and 38, Pub. L. 90-629, 90 Stat. 744 (22 U.S.C. 2752, 2778); 22 U.S.C. 2651a; E.O. 13637, 78

FR 16129.


SOURCE: 58 FR 39310, July 22, 1993, unless otherwise noted.


§125.1 Exports subject to this part.


  1. The controls of this part apply to the export of technical data and the export of classified defense articles. Information which is in the public domain (see §120.11 of this subchapter and §125.4(b)(13)) is not subject to the controls of this subchapter.


  2. A license for the export of technical data and the exemptions in §125.4 may not be used for foreign production purposes or for technical assistance unless the approval of the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls has been obtained. Such approval is generally provided only pursuant to the procedures specified in part 124 of this subchapter.


  3. Technical data authorized for export may not be reexported, transferred or diverted from the country of ultimate end-use or from the authorized foreign end-user (as designated in the license or approval for export) or disclosed to a national of another country without the prior written approval of the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls.


  4. The controls of this part apply to the exports referred to in paragraph (a) of this section regardless of whether the person who intends to export the technical data produces or manufactures defense articles if the technical data is determined by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls to be subject to the controls of this subchapter.


  5. For the export of technical data related to articles in Category VI(e), Category XVI, and Category XX(b)(1) of §121.1 of this subchapter, please see §123.20 of this subchapter.

  6. Unless limited by a condition set out in an agreement, the export, reexport, retransfer, or temporary import authorized by a license is for the item(s), end-use(s), and parties described in the agreement, license, and any letters of explanation. DDTC approves agreements and grants licenses in reliance on representations the applicant made in or submitted in connection with the agreement, letters of explanation, and other documents submitted


[58 FR 39310, July 22, 1993, as amended at 71 FR 20544, Apr. 21, 2006; 78 FR 40933, July 8, 2013; 79 FR 47, Jan. 2, 2014;

81 FR 62008, Sept. 8, 2016]


§125.2 Exports of unclassified technical data.


  1. License. A license (DSP-5) is required for the export of unclassified technical data unless the export is exempt from the licensing requirements of this subchapter. In the case of a plant visit, details of the proposed discussions must be transmitted to the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls for an appraisal of the technical data.


  2. Patents. A license issued by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls is required for the export of technical data whenever the data exceeds that which is used to support a domestic filing of a patent application or to support a foreign filing of a patent application whenever no domestic application has been filed. Requests for the filing of patent applications in a foreign country, and requests for the filing of amendments, modifications or supplements to such patents, should follow the regulations of the

    U.S. Patent and Trademark Office in accordance with 37 CFR part 5. The export of technical data to support the filing and processing of patent applications in foreign countries is subject to regulations issued by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office pursuant to 35 U.S.C. 184.


  3. Disclosures. Unless otherwise expressly exempted in this subchapter, a license is required for the oral, visual or documentary disclosure of technical data by U.S. persons to foreign persons. A license is required regardless of the manner in which the technical data is transmitted (e.g., in person, by telephone, correspondence, electronic means, etc.). A license is required for such disclosures by U.S. persons in connection with visits to foreign diplomatic missions and consular offices.


[58 FR 39310, July 22, 1993, as amended at 71 FR 20544, Apr. 21, 2006]


§125.3 Exports of classified technical data and classified defense articles.


  1. A request for authority to export defense articles, including technical data, classified by a foreign government or pursuant to Executive Order 12356, successor orders, or other legal authority must be submitted to the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls for approval. The application must contain full details of the proposed transaction. It should also list the facility security clearance code of all U.S. parties on the license and include the Defense Security Service cognizant security office of the party responsible for packaging the commodity for shipment. A nontransfer and use certificate (Form DSP-

    83) executed by the applicant, foreign consignee, end-user and an authorized representative of the foreign government involved will be required.


  2. Classified technical data which is approved by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls either for export or reexport after a temporary import will be transferred or disclosed only in accordance with the requirements in the Department of Defense National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual (unless such requirements are in direct conflict with guidance provided by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, in which case the latter guidance must be followed). Any other requirements imposed by cognizant U.S. departments and agencies must also be satisfied.


  3. The approval of the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls must be obtained for the export of technical data by a U.S. person to a foreign person in the U.S. or in a foreign country unless the proposed export is exempt under the provisions of this subchapter.

  4. All communications relating to a patent application covered by an invention secrecy order are to be addressed to the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (see 37 CFR 5.11).


[58 FR 39310, July 22, 1993, as amended at 71 FR 20544, Apr. 21, 2006; 81 FR 54737, Aug. 17, 2016]


§125.4 Exemptions of general applicability.


  1. The following exemptions apply to exports of technical data for which approval is not needed from the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. The exemptions, except for paragraph (b)(13) of this section, do not apply to exports to proscribed destinations under §126.1 of this subchapter or for persons considered generally ineligible under §120.1(c) of this subchapter. The exemptions are also not applicable for purposes of establishing offshore procurement arrangements or producing defense articles offshore (see §124.13), except as authorized under §125.4(c). Transmission of classified information must comply with the requirements of the Department of Defense National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual (unless such requirements are in direct conflict with guidance provided by the Directorate of Defense Trade controls, in which case the latter guidance must be followed) and the exporter must certify to the transmittal authority that the technical data does not exceed the technical limitation of the authorized export.


  2. The following exports are exempt from the licensing requirements of this subchapter.


    1. Technical data, including classified information, to be disclosed pursuant to an official written request or directive from the U.S. Department of Defense;


    2. Technical data, including classified information, in furtherance of a manufacturing license or technical assistance agreement approved by the Department of State under part 124 of this subchapter and which meet the requirements of §124.3 of this subchapter;


    3. Technical data, including classified information, in furtherance of a contract between the exporter and an agency of the U.S. Government, if the contract provides for the export of the data and such data does not disclose the details of design, development, production, or manufacture of any defense article;


    4. Copies of technical data, including classified information, previously authorized for export to the same recipient. Revised copies of such technical data are also exempt if they pertain to the identical defense article, and if the revisions are solely editorial and do not add to the content of technology previously exported or authorized for export to the same recipient;


    5. Technical data, including classified information, in the form of basic operations, maintenance, and training information relating to a defense article lawfully exported or authorized for export to the same recipient. Intermediate or depot-level repair and maintenance information may be exported only under a license or agreement approved specifically for that purpose;


    6. Technical data, including classified information, related to firearms not in excess of caliber .50 and ammunition for such weapons, except detailed design, development, production or manufacturing information;


    7. Technical data, including classified information, being returned to the original source of import;


    8. Technical data directly related to classified information which has been previously exported or authorized for export in accordance with this part to the same recipient, and which does not disclose the details of the design, development, production, or manufacture of any defense article;

    9. Technical data, including classified information, and regardless of media or format, sent or taken by a U.S. person who is an employee of a U.S. corporation or a U.S. Government agency to a U.S. person employed by that U.S. corporation or to a U.S. Government agency outside the United States. This exemption is subject to the limitations of §125.1(b) of this subchapter and may be used only if:


      1. The technical data is to be used outside the United States solely by a U.S. person;


      2. The U.S. person outside the United States is an employee of the U.S. Government or is directly employed by the U.S. corporation and not by a foreign subsidiary; and


      3. The classified information is sent or taken outside the United States in accordance with the requirements of the Department of Defense National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual (unless such requirements are in direct conflict with guidance provided by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, in which case the latter guidance must be followed).


        1. Technical data, including classified information, regardless of media or format, exported, reexported, or retransferred by or to a U.S. person, or a foreign person employee of a U.S. person travelling or on temporary assignment abroad, subject to the following restrictions:


          1. Foreign persons may only export, reexport, retransfer, or receive such technical data as they are authorized to receive through a separate license or other approval.


          2. The technical data exported, reexported, or retransferred under this authorization may only be possessed or used by a U.S. person or authorized foreign person. Sufficient security precautions must be taken to prevent the unauthorized release of the technical data. Such security precautions may include encryption of the technical data; the use of secure network connections, such as virtual private networks; the use of passwords or other access restrictions on the electronic device or media on which the technical data is stored; and the use of firewalls and other network security measures to prevent unauthorized access.


          3. The individual is an employee of the U.S. government or is directly employed by a U.S. person and not by a foreign subsidiary.


          4. Technical data authorized under this exception may not be used for foreign production purposes or for defense services unless authorized through a license or other separate approval.


          5. Classified information is sent or taken outside the United States in accordance with the requirements of the Department of Defense National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual (unless such requirements are in direct conflict with guidance provided by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, in which case such guidance must be followed).


        2. Disclosures of unclassified technical data in the U.S. by U.S. institutions of higher learning to foreign persons who are their bona fide and full time regular employees. This exemption is available only if:


          1. The employee's permanent abode throughout the period of employment is in the United States;


          2. The employee is not a national of a country to which exports are prohibited pursuant to

            §126.1 of this subchapter; and

          3. The institution informs the individual in writing that the technical data may not be transferred to other foreign persons without the prior written approval of the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls;


        3. Technical data, including classified information, for which the exporter, pursuant to an arrangement with the Department of Defense, Department of Energy or NASA which requires such exports, has been granted an exemption in writing from the licensing provisions of this part by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. Such an exemption will normally be granted only if the arrangement directly implements an international agreement to which the United States is a party and if multiple exports are contemplated. The Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, in consultation with the relevant U.S. Government agencies, will determine whether the interests of the United States Government are best served by expediting exports under an arrangement through an exemption (see also paragraph (b)(3) of this section for a related exemption);


        4. Technical data which is specifically exempt under part 126 of this subchapter; or


        5. Technical data approved for public release (i.e., unlimited distribution) by the cognizant U.S. Government department or agency or Office of Freedom of Information and Security Review. This exemption is applicable to information approved by the cognizant U.S. Government department or agency for public release in any form. It does not require that the information be published in order to qualify for the exemption.


  3. Defense services and related unclassified technical data are exempt from the licensing requirements of this subchapter, to nationals of NATO countries, Australia, Japan, and Sweden, for the purposes of responding to a written request from the Department of Defense for a quote or bid proposal. Such exports must be pursuant to an official written request or directive from an authorized official of the

    U.S. Department of Defense. The defense services and technical data are limited to paragraphs (c)(1), (c)(2), and (c)(3) of this section and must not include paragraphs (c)(4), (c)(5), and (c)(6) of this section which follow:


    1. Build-to-Print. “Build-to-Print” means that a foreign consignee can produce a defense article from engineering drawings without any technical assistance from a U.S. exporter. This transaction is based strictly on a “hands-off” approach since the foreign consignee is understood to have the inherent capability to produce the defense article and only lacks the necessary drawings. Supporting documentation such as acceptance criteria, and specifications, may be released on an as-required basis (i.e. “must have”) such that the foreign consignee would not be able to produce an acceptable defense article without this additional supporting documentation. Documentation which is not absolutely necessary to permit manufacture of an acceptable defense article (i.e. “nice to have”) is not considered within the boundaries of a “Build-to-Print” data package;


    2. Build/Design-to-Specification. “Build/Design-to-Specification” means that a foreign consignee can design and produce a defense article from requirement specifications without any technical assistance from the U.S. exporter. This transaction is based strictly on a “hands-off” approach since the foreign consignee is understood to have the inherent capability to both design and produce the defense article and only lacks the necessary requirement information;


    3. Basic Research. “Basic Research” means a systemic study directed toward greater knowledge or understanding of the fundamental aspects of phenomena and observable facts without specific applications towards processes or products in mind. It does not include “Applied Research” (i.e. a systemic study to gain knowledge or understanding necessary to determine the means by which a recognized and specific need may be met. It is a systematic application of knowledge toward the production of useful materials, devices, and systems or methods, including design, development, and improvement of prototypes and new processes to meet specific requirements.);

    4. Design Methodology, such as: The underlying engineering methods and design philosophy utilized (i.e., the “why” or information that explains the rationale for particular design decision, engineering feature, or performance requirement); engineering experience (e.g., lessons learned); and the rationale and associated databases (e.g., design allowables, factors of safety, component life predictions, failure analysis criteria) that establish the operational requirements (e.g., performance, mechanical, electrical, electronic, reliability and maintainability) of a defense article. (Final analytical results and the initial conditions and parameters may be provided.)


    5. Engineering Analysis, such as: Analytical methods and tools used to design or evaluate a defense article's performance against the operational requirements. Analytical methods and tools include the development and/or use of mockups, computer models and simulations, and test facilities. (Final analytical results and the initial conditions and parameters may be provided.)


    6. Manufacturing Know-how, such as: information that provides detailed manufacturing processes and techniques needed to translate a detailed design into a qualified, finished defense article. (Information may be provided in a build-to-print package that is necessary in order to produce an acceptable defense article.)


  4. [Reserved]


[58 FR 39310, July 22, 1993, as amended at 65 FR 45284, July 21, 2000; 66 FR 35900, July 10, 2001; 67 FR 15101, Mar. 29, 2002;

71 FR 20545, Apr. 21, 2006; 75 FR 52624, 52626, Aug. 27, 2010; 79 FR 66609, Nov. 10, 2014; 81 FR 35617, June 3, 2016]


§125.5 Exemptions for plant visits.


  1. A license is not required for the oral and visual disclosure of unclassified technical data during the course of a classified plant visit by a foreign person, provided: The classified visit has itself been authorized pursuant to a license issued by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls; or the classified visit was approved in connection with an actual or potential government-to-government program or project by a U.S. Government agency having classification jurisdiction over the classified defense article or classified technical data involved under Executive Order 12356 or other applicable Executive Order; and the unclassified information to be released is directly related to the classified defense article or technical data for which approval was obtained and does not disclose the details of the design, development, production or manufacture of any other defense articles. In the case of visits involving classified information, the requirements of the Department of Defense National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual must be met (unless such requirements are in direct conflict with guidance provided by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, in which case the latter guidance must be followed).


  2. The approval of the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls is not required for the disclosure of oral and visual classified information to a foreign person during the course of a plant visit approved by the appropriate U.S. Government agency if: The requirements of the Department of Defense National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual have been met (unless such requirements are in direct conflict with guidance provided by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, in which case the latter guidance must be followed); the classified information is directly related to that which was approved by the U.S. Government agency; it does not exceed that for which approval was obtained; and it does not disclose the details of the design, development, production or manufacture of any defense articles.

  3. A license is not required for the disclosure to a foreign person of unclassified technical data during the course of a plant visit (either classified or unclassified) approved by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls or a cognizant U.S. Government agency provided the technical data does not contain information in excess of that approved for disclosure. This exemption does not apply to technical data which could be used for design, development, production or manufacture of a defense article.


[71 FR 20545, Apr. 21, 2006]


§125.6 Certification requirements for exemptions.


  1. To claim an exemption for the export of technical data under the provisions of this subchapter (e.g.,

    §§125.4 and 125.5), the exporter must certify that the proposed export is covered by a relevant section of this subchapter, to include the paragraph and applicable subparagraph. Certifications consist of clearly marking the package or letter containing the technical data “22 CFR [insert ITAR exemption] applicable.” This certification must be made in written form and retained in the exporter's files for a period of 5 years (see §123.22 of t